The books include text features such as a table of contents, glossary, and an index to increase understanding and improve academic vocabulary. Aligned with state and national standards, this text prepares students for college and career.
Publisher: Teacher Created Materials
No girls allowed? Not anymore! Today's female athletes have an equal shot at playing sports and even going pro. It is all thanks to Title IX, a law that protects their rights in sports and more. Decades later, the law is still evolving-and still going strong. Learn more about the law that brought equality to sports with this 6-Pack of nonfiction readers featuring TIME For Kids content. The detailed images and sidebars, stimulating facts, and clear, informational text will engage students as they build their critical literacy skills. The Reader's Guide, Dig Deeper, and Try It! sections prompt students to connect back to the text, and provide extensive language-development activities that will develop critical thinking. The books include text features such as a table of contents, glossary, and an index to increase understanding and improve academic vocabulary. Aligned with state and national standards, this text prepares students for college and career. This 6-Pack includes six copies of this title and a lesson plan.
Check It Out! provides resources for additional reading and learning. With TIME For Kids content, this book aligns with national and state standards and will keep students engaged in reading.
Author: Heather E. Schwartz
Publisher: Teacher Created Materials
Girls have always enjoyed playing sports. But before Title IX, they did not always get the chance to play on school sports teams. Passed in 1972, the new law required that schools provide girls with equal opportunities to play sports. This nonfiction book explores the history and impact of Title IX, and engages students in reading as they build their comprehension, vocabulary, and literacy skills. Important text features include a glossary, index, and table of contents. The Reader's Guide and culminating activity direct students back to the text as they develop their higher-order thinking skills. Check It Out! provides resources for additional reading and learning. With TIME For Kids content, this book aligns with national and state standards and will keep students engaged in reading.
The only anthology available documenting 100 years of women in American sports
Author: Jean O'Reilly
The only anthology available documenting 100 years of women in American sports
Equality over Power The Impact of Title IX on Intercollegiate Athletics for Women
No person shall , on the basis of sex ... Title IX : Prohibition of Sex Discrimination
" HISTORY WILL NOTE that 1972 was a dynamic year for women ' s sports in ...
Author: Ying Wushanley
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
For nearly a century, women physical educators kept an iron-fist control of women's intercollegiate athletics within the "sex-separate" spheres of college campuses and under an educational model of competition. According to the author, Ying Wushanley, that control began to loosen significantly when Congress passed Title IX of the Education Amendments in 1972. Title IX meant greater opportunities for women in educational activities, including intercollegiate athletics. Ten years after the passage of the law, however, women not only gave up their educational model but also lost their power and control of women's intercollegiate athletics. Playing Nice and Losing looks into the evolution of women's intercollegiate athletics from a historical perspective and examines the demise of the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW). Five major themes emerge: the movement from protectionism to sex-separation of women's college sports; the ascendance of women's sports as a result of the Cold War and power struggle within U. S. amateur sports; the challenge to the sex-separatist philosophy; the NCAA takeover and bankruptcy of the AIAW; and the defeat of the AIAW as a defender of theseparate but equaldoctrine. With Title IX and formerly men's organizations entering the governance of women's intercollegiate athletics, sustaining the sex-separatist AIAW became untenable in American society.
Yet when Title IX was passed, the critiques from the world of sports were ample.
... of the sports page when he argued against expanding athletic opportunities,
writing, “What are we after, a race of Amazons? ... 64 A recent study by scholars
R. Vivian Acosta and Linda Jean Carpenter illustrates the impact of Title IX on the
Author: David Zirin
Publisher: The New Press
In this long-awaited book from the rising superstar of sportswriting, whose blog “The Edge of Sports” is read each week by thousands of people across the country, Dave Zirin offers a riotously entertaining chronicle of larger-than-life sporting characters and dramatic contests and what amounts to an alternative history of the United States as seen through the games its people played. Through Zirin’s eyes, sports are never mere games, but a reflection of—and spur toward—the political conflicts that shape American society. Half a century before Jackie Robinson was born, the black ballplayer Moses Fleetwood Walker brandished a revolver to keep racist fans at bay, then took his regular place in the lineup. In the midst of the Depression, when almost no black athletes were allowed on the U.S. Olympic team, athletes held a Counter Olympics where a third of the participants were African American. A People’s History of Sports in the United States is replete with surprises for seasoned sports fans, while anyone interested in history will be amazed by the connections Zirin draws between politics and pop flies. As Jeff Chang, author of Can’t Stop Won’t Stop, puts it, “After you read him, you’ll never see sports the same way again.”
Despite all of the changes over the previous thirty-five years, Title IX of the
Educational Amendment of 1972 remains the ... impacts of this debate over Title
IX have major implications for women's use of sports as a vehicle for political
Author: Leanne Doherty
Publisher: Lexington Books
What makes a candidate viable in the eyes of the voters? What makes someone qualified to run for office? Why do voters tend to opt for certain types of people and not others? How much are such tendencies rooted in broad characteristics-racial or ethnic group, gender, etc.-versus more idiosyncratic traits, those tied to respective candidates' presentation of self? Whatever the broader issues, it is clear that to date, women, when compared to men, have faced greater obstacles to being seen as viable candidates for elected office. A Level Playing Field for All? examines candidates' use of sports in election campaigns as a way to understand broader issues of candidate viability and in particular, the hurdles that women must overcome to achieve politicaloffice. This book reveals the extent to which athletic participation has become a social eligibility factor in the success of candidates for elected office. Doherty examines the role participation in athletics played for women looking to run for office.She goes on to appraises the ways in which potential cutbacks and already limited opportunities for women in sports might further affect their opportunities to attain viable candidate status.
'In the Handbook on the Economics of Women in Sports, Leeds and Leeds put together an impressive list of heavy hitters in the sociology and economics literature on sports to produce a tour de force volume.
Author: Michael Leeds
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
'In the Handbook on the Economics of Women in Sports, Leeds and Leeds put together an impressive list of heavy hitters in the sociology and economics literature on sports to produce a tour de force volume. The entire spectrum of international perspectives is covered, from US, Korean, and Australian sports to world competition at the highest level of the Olympics and international championships. Whether your interest is attendance at women's events, performance and rewards in women's pro sports, gender issues in US college sports, or international performance and how women compete, this handbook is a must read for any serious fan, and for all serious scholars interested in the impacts of being female on sports performance and competitiveness.' Rodney Fort, University of Michigan, US 'Leeds and Leeds have filled a gaping hole in sports economics with this revealing collection of essays. The economics of women in sports has been too long neglected. By covering everything from women as sports spectators, to women as participants in individual and team sports at the collegiate and professional levels, to women's sports internationally, Title IX, and women's differential response to incentives, this volume not only demonstrates that there is much fertile ground to be studied, but also that the subject matter is both interesting and important.' Andrew Zimbalist, Smith College, US Women's sports have received much less attention from economists than from other social scientists. This Handbook fills that gap with a comprehensive economic analysis of women's sports. It also analyzes how the behavior and treatment of female athletes reflect broad economic forces. Contributors to this volume use current theoretical models and econometric tools to examine the legal, social, and economic forces that affect the experiences of female athletes. They address such traditional topics as discrimination against female athletes and coaches and the effect of athletic events on the economies of host countries. They also apply theory and estimation to new settings, such as how women respond to tournaments in skiing and figure skating or how the growing dominance of Korean women on the LPGA tour is a form of immigration. This groundbreaking book is a valuable resource for professors, students, and researchers in sports economics, sports management, and women's studies.
Until all-women's colleges began to emerge in the mid 1800's, women were
excluded from opportunities in higher educational as ... At the earliest stages of
college sport for women, competitions included intramural, club, and sorority
matches, in addition to 'play days'. ... Association (NCAA) and theimpact of Title IX
(a U.S. federal policy requiring equal opportunities regardless of sex within
Author: Moeke-Pickering, Taima
Publisher: IGI Global
Women in the Academy are raising issues of pay parity, equal representation on committees, increased leadership positions, stories of resilience, and mentorship espousing changes at all levels including teaching, research, and administration. These strategies demand interrogation, and larger questions are being asked about the place of women empowerment worldviews in the dominant intellectual traditions of the Academy. Further, the trend to make changes requires an exploration of new transformational approaches that draw on critical theory to resist discrimination, sexism, and racism and support resistance and sustainable empowerment strategies. Critical Reflections and Politics on Advancing Women in the Academy is a critical scholarly publication that seeks to make the Academy responsive and inclusive for women advancement and sustainable empowerment strategies by broadening the understanding of why women in the Academy are overlooked in leadership positions, why there is a pay parity deficit, and what is being done to change the situation. Featuring a wide range of topics such as mentorship, curriculum design, and equality, this book is ideal for policymakers, academicians, deans, provosts, chancellors, administrators, researchers, and students.
Title IX and the Women's Sports Revolution Deborah L. Brake. Complicating
Equal Participation: ... This chapter considers three questions that have arisen in
applying the three-part test and assessing its impact. First, what counts as a sport
Author: Deborah L. Brake
Publisher: NYU Press
Title IX, a landmark federal statute enacted in 1972 to prohibit sex discrimination in education, has worked its way into American culture as few other laws have. It is an iconic law, the subject of web blogs and T-shirt slogans, and is widely credited with opening the doors to the massive numbers of girls and women now participating in competitive sports. Yet few people fully understand the law’s requirements, or the extent to which it has succeeded in challenging the gender norms that have circumscribed women’s opportunities as athletes and their place in society more generally. In this first legal analysis of Title IX, Deborah L. Brake assesses the statute’s successes and failures. While the statute has created tremendous gains for female athletes, not only raising the visibility and cultural acceptance of women in sports, but also creating social bonds for women, positive body images, and leadership roles, the disparities in funding between men’s and women’s sports have remained remarkably resilient. At the same time, female athletes continue to receive less prestige and support than their male counterparts, which in turn filters into the arena of professional sports. Brake provides a richer understanding and appreciation of what Title IX has accomplished, while taking a critical look at the places where the law has fallen short. A unique contribution to the literature on Title IX, Getting in the Game fully explores the theory, policy choices, successes, and limitations of this historic law.