Supply Chain Risk Management

Addressing this need, Supply Chain Risk Management guides you through the whole risk management process from start to finish. Using jargon-free language, this accessible book covers the fundamentals of managing risk in supply chains.

Supply Chain Risk Management

Author: Donald Waters

Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers

ISBN: 0749464267

Page: 264

View: 734

Vulnerability to sudden supply chain disruption is one of the major threats facing companies today. The challenge for businesses today is to mitigate this risk through creating resilient supply chains. Addressing this need, Supply Chain Risk Management guides you through the whole risk management process from start to finish. Using jargon-free language, this accessible book covers the fundamentals of managing risk in supply chains. From identifying the risks to developing and implementing a risk management strategy, this essential text covers everything you need to know about this critical topic. It assesses the growing impact of risk on supply chains, how to plan for and manage disruptions and disasters, and how to mitigate their effects. It examines a whole range of risks to supply chains, from traffic congestion to major environmental disasters. Highly practical, Supply Chain Risk Management provides a range of useful tables, diagrams and tools and is interspersed with real life case study examples from leading companies, including Nokia, IBM, and BP. The 2nd edition has been completely revised with brand new case studies on the Chilean Mining Disaster and BP oil spill.

Managing Supply Chain Risk

As a result, this book is highly relevant to both practitioners and academics. Also, the book is also written with management lessons on how risks can be mitigated, and how risks can be contained once disruptions have occurred.

Managing Supply Chain Risk

Author: ManMohan S. Sodhi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461432383

Page: 332

View: 272

“Supply Chain Risk Management is an issue that many companies face and yet few companies know how to deal with it in a systematic and pragmatic manner. While avoiding and reducing supply chain risks are certainly preferable, developing ways to restore and stabilize supply chain operations rapidly after a major disruption is critical for managing global supply chains. Sodhi and Tang present important concepts, frameworks, strategies, and analyses that are essential for managing supply chain risks. Not only does this book suggest some practical ways to work with different partners to manage the risks that are present in a global supply chain, it creates a framework that would enable practitioners to engage researchers to work on this important area.” —Thomas A. Debrowski, Executive Vice President, Worldwide Operations, Mattel, Inc. “When a firm outsources its operations to external suppliers, the firm is vulnerable to major and rare disruptions that can occur at any link in the global supply chain. Because these disruptions rarely occur, few firms take commensurable actions to identify, assess, mitigate and respond to various types of supply chain risks. By introducing frameworks and concepts along with several case studies and a review of academic literature, Sodhi and Tang treat this important subject with practical relevance and academic rigor. This book will bring practitioners and researchers to develop effective and efficient ways to manage supply chain risks.” —Marshall L. Fisher, UPS Professor, Professor of Operations and Information Management and Co-Director of Fishman-Davidson Center for Service and Operations Management, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania “This book ties observations in practice to methodologies and research. The rich case examples motivated the approaches and methodologies used to mitigate risks, and in the course of doing so, Sodhi and Tang provided insights on existing and new research opportunities. As a result, this book is highly relevant to both practitioners and academics. Also, the book is also written with management lessons on how risks can be mitigated, and how risks can be contained once disruptions have occurred. As such, it is also a book for management to gain insights and to develop management skills.” —Hau L. Lee, Thoma Professor of Operations, Information and Technology and Director of the Stanford Global Supply Chain Management Forum, Graduate School of Business, Stanford University “As companies have extended their supply chains globally and as the face increasing resource issues, they face a number of new risk challenges. While there are various case studies written about supply chain risks, this book gives a comprehensive treatment of the subject with clarity. The concepts and frameworks developed by Sodhi and Tang in this book would create awareness of this important and yet not well understood subject, and strategies described in this book would stimulate practitioners to develop a holistic approach for identifying, assessing, mitigating, and responding to different types of supply chain risks.” —Nick Wildgoose, Global Supply Chain Proposition Manager, Zurich Insurance​

Supply Chain Risk

This Handbook represents the work of 30 different authors from 11 different countries, all of whom are recognized international authorities in research, practice, and policy associated with Supply Chain Risk Management (SCRM) and the wider ...

Supply Chain Risk

Author: George A. Zsidisin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387799346

Page: 350

View: 714

Risk is of fundamental importance in this era of the global economy. Supply chains must into account the uncertainty of demand. Moreover, the risk of uncertain demand can cut two ways: (1) there is the risk that unexpected demand will not be met on time, and the reverse problem (2) the risk that demand is over estimated and excessive inventory costs are incurred. There are other risks in unreliable vendors, delayed shipments, natural disasters, etc. In short, there are a host of strategic, tactical and operational risks to business supply chains. Supply Chain Risk: A Handbook of Assessment, Management, and Performance will focus on how to assess, evaluate, and control these various risks.

Handbook for Supply Chain Risk Management

The Handbook for Supply Chain Risk Management offers the first comprehensive collection of diverse practices executives and practitioners in most any industry can adopt to proactively manage supply chain risks and improve their overall ...

Handbook for Supply Chain Risk Management

Author: Omera Khan

Publisher: J. Ross Publishing

ISBN: 1604270381

Page: 272

View: 817

“This book provides a valuable resource for all those who seek to understand the sources of supply chain risk and provides powerful insights into how that risk might be mitigated.” — Martin Christopher, Emeritus Professor of Marketing & Logistics, Cranfield School of Management, UK “This handbook is perfectly balanced with academic theory and real-world best practices making it a useful resource for both supply chain practitioners and students of the trade.” — Sean S. Murphy, President and CEO, Lootok “This book provides practitioners and students with an overview of good supply chain risk management practices, nicely illustrated with a diverse set of case examples.” — Stephan M. Wagner, Ph.D., Professor and Chair of Logistics Management, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich) Recent business trends, and practices, coupled with unpredictable external events have made many firms much more vulnerable to supply chain risk and disruptions than in the past. The Handbook for Supply Chain Risk Management offers the first comprehensive collection of diverse practices executives and practitioners in most any industry can adopt to proactively manage supply chain risks and improve their overall business performance.Key Features • Delivers valuable insights from 30 international contributing authors • Provides comprehensive coverage of current and future supply chain risks such as globalization, outsourcing, Lean initiatives, information security, natural disasters, political upheaval and economic recession • Includes a wide variety of cases from various industries demonstrating effective approaches useful for benchmarking, reducing the chance and financial impact of risk, and for creating a more robust and resilient firm in the face of supply chain risk • Supplies practitioners with a set of best practices, processes, tools, and techniques supported by illustrative examples • WAV offers downloadable instructional materials — available from the Web Added Value™ Download Resource Center at www.jrosspub.com

Revisiting Supply Chain Risk

This book offers a bridge between our current understanding of supply chain risk in practice and theory, and the monumental shifts caused by the emergence of the fourth industrial revolution.

Revisiting Supply Chain Risk

Author: George A. Zsidisin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030038130

Page: 468

View: 644

This book offers a bridge between our current understanding of supply chain risk in practice and theory, and the monumental shifts caused by the emergence of the fourth industrial revolution. Supply chain risk and its management have experienced significant attention in scholarship and practice over the past twenty years. Our understanding of supply chain risk and its many facets, such as uncertainty and vulnerability, has expanded beyond utilizing approaches such as deploying inventory to buffer the initial effects of disruptions. Even with our increased knowledge of supply chain risk, being in the era of lean supply chain practices, digitally managed global supply chains, and closely interconnected networks, firms are exposed as ever to supply chain uncertainties that can damage, or even destroy, their ability to compete in the marketplace. The book acknowledges the criticality of big data analytics in Supply Chain Risk Management (SCRM) processes and provides appropriate tools and approaches for creating robust SCRM processes. Revisiting Supply Chain Risk presents a state-of-the-art look at SCRM through current research and philosophical thought. It is divided into six sections that highlight established themes, as well as provide new insights to developing areas of inquiry and contexts on the topic. Section 1 examines the first step in managing supply chain risk, risk assessment. The chapters in Section 2 encompass resiliency in supply chains, while Section 3 looks at relational and behavioral perspectives from varying units of analysis including consortiums, teams and decision makers. Section 4 focuses on examining supply chain risk in the contexts of sustainability and innovation. Section 5 provides insight on emerging typologies and taxonomies for classifying supply chain risk. The book concludes with Section 6, featuring illustrative case studies as real-world examples in assessing and managing supply chain risk.

Supply Chain Risk

This work is intended to provide the foundation for future research in this expanding area and the impact it has on managing risk within the supply chain.

Supply Chain Risk

Author: Clare Brindley

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351896903

Page:

View: 997

The impact of technological change, globalization, information and communication technologies and international governmental intervention has radically altered supply chain strategies, operations and risk profiles for most organizations. The challenge facing business and researchers alike is how best to address risk management in this new context. This collection, written by international scholars from the UK, US and Scandinavia, addresses this need by providing the first topical review of these developments and the latest research findings. The findings represent a robust cross-disciplinary view of supply chains, articulating policies and strategies for organizations. The research studies are based on empirical case studies within services and manufacturing in both large and SME organizations. This work is intended to provide the foundation for future research in this expanding area and the impact it has on managing risk within the supply chain.

Supply Chain Risk Management A Complete Guide 2020 Edition

You will receive the following contents with New and Updated specific criteria: - The latest quick edition of the book in PDF - The latest complete edition of the book in PDF, which criteria correspond to the criteria in.

Supply Chain Risk Management A Complete Guide   2020 Edition

Author: Gerardus Blokdyk

Publisher: 5starcooks

ISBN: 9781867343066

Page: 314

View: 348

What is a worst-case scenario for losses? What is the scope of the Supply Chain Risk Management work? Are the Supply Chain Risk Management requirements testable? How far up & down the supply chain do you look for risk? What drives O&M cost? This powerful Supply Chain Risk Management self-assessment will make you the established Supply Chain Risk Management domain expert by revealing just what you need to know to be fluent and ready for any Supply Chain Risk Management challenge. How do I reduce the effort in the Supply Chain Risk Management work to be done to get problems solved? How can I ensure that plans of action include every Supply Chain Risk Management task and that every Supply Chain Risk Management outcome is in place? How will I save time investigating strategic and tactical options and ensuring Supply Chain Risk Management costs are low? How can I deliver tailored Supply Chain Risk Management advice instantly with structured going-forward plans? There's no better guide through these mind-expanding questions than acclaimed best-selling author Gerard Blokdyk. Blokdyk ensures all Supply Chain Risk Management essentials are covered, from every angle: the Supply Chain Risk Management self-assessment shows succinctly and clearly that what needs to be clarified to organize the required activities and processes so that Supply Chain Risk Management outcomes are achieved. Contains extensive criteria grounded in past and current successful projects and activities by experienced Supply Chain Risk Management practitioners. Their mastery, combined with the easy elegance of the self-assessment, provides its superior value to you in knowing how to ensure the outcome of any efforts in Supply Chain Risk Management are maximized with professional results. Your purchase includes access details to the Supply Chain Risk Management self-assessment dashboard download which gives you your dynamically prioritized projects-ready tool and shows you exactly what to do next. Your exclusive instant access details can be found in your book. You will receive the following contents with New and Updated specific criteria: - The latest quick edition of the book in PDF - The latest complete edition of the book in PDF, which criteria correspond to the criteria in... - The Self-Assessment Excel Dashboard - Example pre-filled Self-Assessment Excel Dashboard to get familiar with results generation - In-depth and specific Supply Chain Risk Management Checklists - Project management checklists and templates to assist with implementation INCLUDES LIFETIME SELF ASSESSMENT UPDATES Every self assessment comes with Lifetime Updates and Lifetime Free Updated Books. Lifetime Updates is an industry-first feature which allows you to receive verified self assessment updates, ensuring you always have the most accurate information at your fingertips.

Supply Chain Risk Management

This book is a practical learning tool which offers a comprehensive framework to understanding risk and how to engineer resilience into the supply chain.

Supply Chain Risk Management

Author: John Manners-Bell

Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers

ISBN: 1789666384

Page:

View: 217

From political uncertainty to trade disrupts and cyber threats, the risk environment is continuously evolving, and new challenges frequently arise demanding immediate attention to avoid disruption to supply chains. Supply Chain Risk Management is the guide to recognizing, reviewing and reacting to these risks to ensure continued operations and optimal service. This book is a practical learning tool which offers a comprehensive framework to understanding risk and how to engineer resilience into the supply chain. The third edition of Supply Chain Risk Management details how to approach various threats, including black swan events, natural disasters, climate change, cargo crime and piracy, and terrorism and security. Using case studies and recent, topical examples, this book demonstrates how to successfully manage these risks and apply learnings in practice. Objectives, summaries and key point checklists in each chapter also help the reader grasp these key concepts and understand how to keep supply chains resilient. Online resources include lecture slides.

Managing Supply Chain Risk

Managing Supply Chain Risk: Integrating with Risk Management details the critical factors involved in managing supply chain risk. It discusses how managing supply chain risk can be integrated into

Managing Supply Chain Risk

Author: Sime Curkovic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498707114

Page: 261

View: 355

Risk management in supply chain logistics has moved from being a nice-to-have to a necessity due to the number of variables that can cripple a business. Managing Supply Chain Risk: Integrating with Risk Management details the critical factors involved in managing supply chain risk. It discusses how managing supply chain risk can be integrated into

Supply Chain Risk Management

The lifeblood of any business is the timely delivery of products and services. In the best possible world, if one plans accordingly, disruptions never occur.

Supply Chain Risk Management

Author: Robert Handfield

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420013306

Page: 136

View: 830

The lifeblood of any business is the timely delivery of products and services. In the best possible world, if one plans accordingly, disruptions never occur. However, in the real world, disruptions do and will occur and the best business plans are those that anticipate and prepare for this inevitability, especially when dealing with international suppliers. Go beyond theory -- learn how to... Define and anticipate risk Build a resilient supply chain Mobilize in the face of impending disaster Make a full and quick recovery Supply Chain Risk Management: Minimizing Disruptions in Global Sourcing provides a detailed road map for the efficient delivery of products and services, while taking into account the high probability of costly delays and stoppages. With candid input from suppliers, automotive and retail companies, and professional consultants, this work delivers a pragmatic approach to managing supply chain risk in an era of globalization. With Proper Prior Planning Potential Disasters Become Mere Inconveniences All executives and managers share a common goal of reducing costs, streamlining processes and increasing profits. Within these pages, you will discover a winning game plan for efficiently navigating the complexities of supply chain risk in today’s global marketplace.

Supply Chain Risk Management

This book covers important issues related to managing supply chain risks from various perspectives. Supply chains today are vulnerable to disruptions with a significant impact on firms’ business and performance.

Supply Chain Risk Management

Author: Yacob Khojasteh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811041067

Page: 334

View: 187

This book covers important issues related to managing supply chain risks from various perspectives. Supply chains today are vulnerable to disruptions with a significant impact on firms’ business and performance. The aim of supply chain risk management is to identify the potential sources of risks and implement appropriate actions in order to mitigate supply chain disruptions. This book presents a set of models, frameworks, strategies, and analyses that are essential for managing supply chain risks. As a comprehensive collection of the latest research and most recent cutting-edge developments on supply chain risk and its management, the book is structured into three main parts: 1) Supply Chain Risk Management; 2) Supply Chain Vulnerability and Disruptions Management; and 3) Toward a Resilient Supply Chain. Leading academic researchers as well as practitioners have contributed chapters, combining theoretical findings and research results with a practical and contemporary view on how companies can manage the supply chain risks and disruptions, as well as how to create a resilient supply chain. This book can serve as an essential source for students and scholars who are interested in pursuing research or teaching courses in the rapidly growing area of supply chain risk management. It can also provide an interesting and informative read for managers and practitioners who need to deepen their knowledge of effective supply chain risk management.

Cisco Systems Inc

This new case study examines how leading network technology provider Cisco responded to a tsunami in Japan that could have disrupted delivery from 250 key "Tier 1" suppliers.

Cisco Systems  Inc

Author: Chuck Munson

Publisher: FT Press

ISBN: 0133757803

Page: 16

View: 348

This new case study examines how leading network technology provider Cisco responded to a tsunami in Japan that could have disrupted delivery from 250 key "Tier 1" suppliers. In addition to natural disasters, it shows how Cisco manages lean supply chain risks associated with political upheavals, regulatory mandates, economic uncertainty, rapid technological and customer change, capacity constraints, globalization, and more. Focusing on realistic issues and challenges throughout, it offers exceptional value to both students and practitioners. Authors: Maria Jesus Saenz, MIT-Zaragoza International Logistics Program; Elena Revilla, IE Business School.

Supply Chain Risk Management Second Edition

This book discusses risks in supply chain management, followed by graphic and quantitative tools (risk matrices, selection methods, risk simulation modelling, linear programming, and business scorecard analysis) to help manage these risks.

Supply Chain Risk Management  Second Edition

Author: David L. Olson

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781631570575

Page: 150

View: 535

The supply chain management field is one of the fastest growing fields in our economy, given the heavy growth in international trade as a means to access outsourced production opportunities to lower costs and the growth in information technology to coordinate supply chains. However, this opportunity to lower costs entails significant risks, such as tsunamis, earthquakes, political unrest, and economic turbulence. This book discusses risks in supply chain management, followed by graphic and quantitative tools (risk matrices, selection methods, risk simulation modelling, linear programming, and business scorecard analysis) to help manage these risks.

Supply Chain Risk Management 2nd Edition

Now in its second edition, Supply Chain Risk Management is essential reading for anyone who wants to know about the growing impact of risk on supply chains, its management and how to mitigate its effects.

Supply Chain Risk Management  2nd Edition

Author: Donald Waters

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 264

View: 532

Now in its second edition, Supply Chain Risk Management is essential reading for anyone who wants to know about the growing impact of risk on supply chains, its management and how to mitigate its effects. Using jargon-free, accessible language, it identifies both the possible effects that disruptions can cause and how to plan for them, discussing risks varying from traffic congestion to major environmental disasters. This practical title: • defines risk and supply chain management • explains current trends affecting supply chains • offers detailed guidance on how to identify and analyse the various risks to supply chains • describes approaches to risk management and steps needed for its implementation • gives practical advice on how to create a resilient supply chain and, in the worst case, how to plan for and respond to disasters • includes up-to-date case studies such as the BP oil spill and the Chilean mining disaster.

Supply Chain Disruptions

Supply Chain Disruptions: Theory and Practice of Managing Risk presents a state-of the-art perspective on this particular issue.

Supply Chain Disruptions

Author: Haresh Gurnani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780857297785

Page: 336

View: 884

One of the most critical issues facing supply chain managers in today’s globalized and highly uncertain business environments is how to deal proactively with disruptions that might affect the complicated supply networks characterizing modern enterprises. Supply Chain Disruptions: Theory and Practice of Managing Risk presents a state-of the-art perspective on this particular issue. Supply Chain Disruptions: Theory and Practice of Managing Risk demonstrates that effective management of supply disruptions necessitates both strategic and tactical measures – the former involving optimal design of supply networks; the latter involving inventory, finance and demand management. It shows that managers ought to use all available levers at their disposal throughout the supply network – like sourcing and pricing strategies, providing financial subsidies, encouraging information sharing and incentive alignment between supply chain partners – in order to tackle supply disruptions. The editors combine up-to-date academic research with the latest operational risk management practices used in industry to demonstrate how theoreticians and practitioners can learn from each other. As well as providing a wealth of knowledge for students and professors who are interested in pursuing research or teaching courses in the rapidly growing area of supply chain risk management, Supply Chain Disruptions: Theory and Practice of Managing Risk also acts as a ready reference for practitioners who are interested in understanding the theoretical underpinnings of effective supply disruption management techniques.

Supply Chain Risk

In this book John Manners-Bell clearly shows how to implement risk strategies that minimize, even completely eliminate, supply chain risk, and outlines how to build resilient supply chains.

Supply Chain Risk

Author: John Manners-Bell

Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers

ISBN: 0749471115

Page: 264

View: 442

Risk is at the very core of supply chain theory and is at the heart of every decision-making process. Supply chain risk is now becoming everyone's responsibility and over the last two years has become more important than ever, making its presence on the boardroom agenda of most big companies. Supply Chain Risk assesses the various sources of external threat to the supply chain and how multinational corporations should be dealing with them at a strategic level. In this book John Manners-Bell clearly shows how to implement risk strategies that minimize, even completely eliminate, supply chain risk, and outlines how to build resilient supply chains. Supply Chain Risk includes case studies of best practice and cites examples of when and how things go wrong. Each case study describes the company's supply chain strategy and production/sourcing strategy, outlines the catastrophic event which occurred, including the supply chain consequences and material losses, the management response, and resultant changes to company supply chain strategy. The book is accompanied by invaluable downloadable online resources, including a survey on companies' attitudes to supply chain risk. Supply Chain Risk has won the ACA-Bruel Special Mention prize for its contribution to the development of leading new concepts and methods in purchasing and supply chain. The prize is organised by the Association of Purchasing and Supply Chain (CESA) of HEC School of Management in Paris. Highly accessible with real practical application, Supply Chain Risk is for supply chain managers and anyone interfacing with the supply chain.

Supply Chain Risk Management

Why Purchase this Book? · Prepares supply chain, quality, engineering, and operational excellence professionals for their emerging risk roles, responsibilities, and authorities. · Illustrates how supply chain risk-controls are architected ...

Supply Chain Risk Management

Author: Greg Hutchins

Publisher: Greg Hutchins

ISBN: 1732554560

Page: 431

View: 572

Why Purchase this Book? · Prepares supply chain, quality, engineering, and operational excellence professionals for their emerging risk roles, responsibilities, and authorities. · Illustrates how supply chain risk-controls are architected, designed, deployed, and assured. · Explains why Risk Based Problem Solving (RBPS) and Risk Based Decision Making (RBDM) are the future of SCRM. Examples are offered throughout the book. · Illustrates how supply chain management is migrating to Supply Chain Risk Management (SCRM). · Demonstrates how SCRM objectives align with the organization’s strategic objectives. · Describes how to move beyond a price relationship to a value-added relationship. · Integrates the disparate elements of SCRM into a competitive business system. · Describes how to select and develop suppliers based on risk criteria. · Demonstrates how to use ISO 31000 risk management framework of SCRM. Bonus Materials/Resources: · Access over 1,500 risk articles through CERM Academy (http://insights.cermacademy. com/). · Get free course materials such as using FMEA’s in ISO 9001:2015. · Get slide decks with specific risk information on YouTube. · Get discount for Certified Enterprise Risk Manager® certificate.

Strategic Technology Partnering and Supply Chain Risk Management

With her work, Irène Kilubi builds a bridge between two areas of business research, on the one hand the supply chain management, and on the other hand innovation and technology management.

Strategic Technology Partnering and Supply Chain Risk Management

Author: Irène Kilubi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3658199180

Page: 403

View: 438

With her work, Irène Kilubi builds a bridge between two areas of business research, on the one hand the supply chain management, and on the other hand innovation and technology management. In the context of her work, she proposes to expand the usual instruments of supply chain risk management by strategic technology partnerships, which not only provide procurement alternatives but also the possibility to develop technological alternatives at short notice. More precisely, she advocates that the capabilities needed for STP serve as enablers for effective SCRM. Accordingly, connections between supply chain risk management and strategic technology partnering are presented and a conceptual framework is correspondingly created.

Structural Dynamics and Resilience in Supply Chain Risk Management

This book offers an introduction to structural dynamics, ripple effect and resilience in supply chain disruption risk management for larger audiences.

Structural Dynamics and Resilience in Supply Chain Risk Management

Author: Dmitry Ivanov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319693050

Page: 320

View: 821

This book offers an introduction to structural dynamics, ripple effect and resilience in supply chain disruption risk management for larger audiences. In the management section, without relying heavily on mathematical derivations, the book offers state-of-the-art concepts and methods to tackle supply chain disruption risks and designing resilient supply chains in a simple, predictable format to make it easy to understand for students and professionals with both management and engineering background. In the technical section, the book constitutes structural dynamics control methods for supply chain management. Real-life problems are modelled and solved with the help of mathematical programming, discrete-event simulation, optimal control theory, and fuzzy logic. The book derives practical recommendations for management decision-making with disruption risk in the following areas: How to estimate the impact of possible disruptions on performance in the pro-active stage? How to generate efficient and effective stabilization and recovery policies? When does one failure trigger an adjacent set of failures? Which supply chain structures are particular sensitive to ripple effect? How to measure the disruption risks in the supply chain?