In The Birthright Lottery, Ayelet Shachar argues that birthright citizenship in an affluent society can be thought of as a form of property inheritance: that is, a valuable entitlement transmitted by law to a restricted group of recipients ...
Author: Ayelet Shachar
Publisher: Harvard University Press
The vast majority of the global population acquires citizenship purely by accidental circumstances of birth. In The Birthright Lottery, Ayelet Shachar argues that birthright citizenship in an affluent society can be thought of as a form of property inheritance: that is, a valuable entitlement transmitted by law to a restricted group of recipients under conditions that perpetuate the transfer of this prerogative to their heirs.
As Ayelet Shachar argues in her book The Birthright Lottery, membership in a
state (with its particular level of wealth, degree of stability, and human rights
record) has a significant impact on our identity, security, well-being, and the
range of ...
Author: Ivan Krastev
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
In this provocative book, renowned public intellectual Ivan Krastev reflects on the future of the European Union—and its potential lack of a future. With far-right nationalist parties on the rise across the continent and the United Kingdom planning for Brexit, the European Union is in disarray and plagued by doubts as never before. Krastev includes chapters devoted to Europe's major problems (especially the political destabilization sparked by the more than 1.3 million migrants from the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia), the spread of right-wing populism (taking into account the election of Donald Trump in the United States), and the thorny issues facing member states on the eastern flank of the EU (including the threat posed by Vladimir Putin's Russia). In a new afterword written in the wake of the 2019 EU parliamentary elections, Krastev concludes that although the union is as fragile as ever, its chances of enduring are much better than they were just a few years ago.
She calls it the 'birthright lottery'. In practice, rather than citizenship being
substantially about 'choice', states set up the boundaries of membership, with
citizenship laws regulating the classic modes of acquisition and loss,3 and
individuals fit, ...
Author: Shaw, Jo
Publisher: Bristol University Press
At a time of rising populism and debate about immigration, leading legal academic Jo Shaw sets out to review interactions between constitutions and constructs of citizenship. This incisive appraisal is the first sustained treatment of the relationship between citizenship and constitutional law in a comparative and transnational perspective. Drawing on examples from around the world, it assesses how countries’ legal, political and cultural processes help to determine the boundaries of citizenship. For students and academics across political, social and international disciplines, Shaw offers an accessible response to some of the most pressing international questions of our age.
... very much depend on the status you are assigned . Ayelet Shachar has
insightfully called this the birthright lottery.10 The object of the lottery is the status
you receive : a ticket to life that can place you in first class , business , or
economy light ...
Author: Dimitry Kochenov
Publisher: MIT Press
The story of citizenship as a tale not of liberation, dignity, and nationhood but of complacency, hypocrisy, and domination. The glorification of citizenship is a given in today's world, part of a civic narrative that invokes liberation, dignity, and nationhood. In reality, explains Dimitry Kochenov, citizenship is a story of complacency, hypocrisy, and domination, flattering to citizens and demeaning for noncitizens. In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Kochenov explains the state of citizenship in the modern world. Kochenov offers a critical introduction to a subject most often regarded uncritically, describing what citizenship is, what it entails, how it came about, and how its role in the world has been changing. He examines four key elements of the concept: status, considering how and why the status of citizenship is extended, what function it serves, and who is left behind; rights, particularly the right to live and work in a state; duties, and what it means to be a “good citizen”; and politics, as enacted in the granting and enjoyment of citizenship. Citizenship promises to apply the attractive ideas of dignity, equality, and human worth—but to strictly separated groups of individuals. Those outside the separation aren't citizens as currently understood, and they do not belong. Citizenship, Kochenov warns, is too often a legal tool that justifies violence, humiliation, and exclusion.
and the Earth - type humans ; during those two centuries , the Earth ' s population
has been controlled in part by means of a birthright lottery ( the winners are
allowed to have children ) , and the kzinti have grown markedly less aggressive .
Author: Frank Northen Magill
Publisher: Magill Surveys
Presents 2,000-word analyses on 75 literary works dealing with meetings between humans and extraterrestrial intelligent beings.
2009. The Idea of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Shachar,
Ayelet. 2009. The Birthright Lottery: Citizenship and Global Inequality. Cambridge
, MA: Harvard University Press. Shaffer, Gregory, Victor Mosoti, and Asif Quereshi
Author: Mathias Risse
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Debates about global justice have traditionally fallen into two camps. Statists believe that principles of justice can only be held among those who share a state. Those who fall outside this realm are merely owed charity. Cosmopolitans, on the other hand, believe that justice applies equally among all human beings. On Global Justice shifts the terms of this debate and shows how both views are unsatisfactory. Stressing humanity's collective ownership of the earth, Mathias Risse offers a new theory of global distributive justice--what he calls pluralist internationalism--where in different contexts, different principles of justice apply. Arguing that statists and cosmopolitans seek overarching answers to problems that vary too widely for one single justice relationship, Risse explores who should have how much of what we all need and care about, ranging from income and rights to spaces and resources of the earth. He acknowledges that especially demanding redistributive principles apply among those who share a country, but those who share a country also have obligations of justice to those who do not because of a universal humanity, common political and economic orders, and a linked global trading system. Risse's inquiries about ownership of the earth give insights into immigration, obligations to future generations, and obligations arising from climate change. He considers issues such as fairness in trade, responsibilities of the WTO, intellectual property rights, labor rights, whether there ought to be states at all, and global inequality, and he develops a new foundational theory of human rights.
Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann INTRODUCTION A relatively small percentage of
the world's population has won the 'birthright lottery' (Shachar, 2009); they are the
people who have the good fortune to have been born in countries where most ...
Author: Anja Mihr
The SAGE Handbook of Human Rights will comprise a two volume set consisting of more than 50 original chapters that clarify and analyze human rights issues of both contemporary and future importance. The Handbook will take an inter-disciplinary approach, combining work in such traditional fields as law, political science and philosophy with such non-traditional subjects as climate change, demography, economics, geography, urban studies, mass communication, and business and marketing. In addition, one of the aspects of mainstreaming is the manner in which human rights has come to play a prominent role in popular culture, and there will be a section on human rights in art, film, music and literature. Not only will the Handbook provide a state of the art analysis of the discipline that addresses the history and development of human rights standards and its movements, mechanisms and institutions, but it will seek to go beyond this and produce a book that will help lead to prospective thinking.
3. Sawhill, I. and Haskins, R. (2009), Creating an Opportunity Society,
Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. Schachar, A. (2009), The Birthright Lottery
. Harvard, MA: Harvard University Press. Sen, A. (1999), Development as
Freedom, Oxford: ...
Author: Guy Standing
Publisher: A&C Black
This book presents the Precariat – an emerging class, comprising the rapidly growing number of people facing lives of insecurity, moving in and out of jobs that give little meaning to their lives. Guy Standing argues that this class is producing instabilities in society. Although it would be wrong to characterise members of the Precariat as victims, many are frustrated and angry. The Precariat is dangerous because it is internally divided, leading to the villainisation of migrants and other vulnerable groups. Lacking agency, its members may be susceptible to the siren calls of political extremism. To prevent a 'politics of inferno', Guy Standing argues for a 'politics of paradise', in which redistribution and income security are reconfi gured in a new kind of Good Society, and in which the fears and aspirations of the Precariat are made central to a progressive strategy.
... now , although Louis Wu is celebrating his two hundredth birthday at the
beginning of the book ( they have discovered a “ boosterspice ” that promotes
longevity ) and Teela Brown is a product of five generations of Birthright Lottery
Author: L. David Allen
Publisher: Cliff Notes
The original CliffsNotes study guides offer expert commentary on major themes, plots, characters, literary devices, and historical background. The latest generation of titles in this series also feature glossaries and visual elements that complement the classic, familiar format. In CliffsNotes on Science Fiction: an Introduction, you'll gain insight into the differing styles of science fiction, discover how true science shapes the genre, and see how science fiction serves as an important historical marker for society. You'll dive into works by some of the great masters of science fiction, including Jules Verne, Isaac Asimov, Arthur C. Clarke, Robert Heinlein, Ursula LeGuin, Frank Herbert, and more. This study guide carries you along on incredible journeys by providing detailed summaries and critical analyses on some of the most popular science fiction stories. You'll find analyses of 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea The Time Machine I, Robot The Left Hand of Darkness Childhood's End Rite of Passage And more Classic literature or modern-day treasure - you'll understand it all with expert information and insight from CliffsNotes study guides.
... with other species without reflexively killing them ; and Teela Brown , a human
whose ancestry involves several generations of winning the Birthright lotteries
and who is thus considered by the puppeteers to be lucky by reason of genetics .
Author: Fiona Kelleghan
Publisher: Salem PressInc
"Plot summaries and analyses of 180 major books and series in the fields of science fiction and fantasy...all but eight of the essays in these volumes are taken directly from Salem Press's four-volume Magill's guide to science fiction and fantasy literature, which was published in 1996"--Publisher's note.