In The Birthright Lottery, Ayelet Shachar argues that birthright citizenship in an affluent society can be thought of as a form of property inheritance: that is, a valuable entitlement transmitted by law to a restricted group of recipients ...
Author: Ayelet Shachar
Publisher: Harvard University Press
The vast majority of the global population acquires citizenship purely by accidental circumstances of birth. In The Birthright Lottery, Ayelet Shachar argues that birthright citizenship in an affluent society can be thought of as a form of property inheritance: that is, a valuable entitlement transmitted by law to a restricted group of recipients under conditions that perpetuate the transfer of this prerogative to their heirs.
AYELET SHACHAR, The birthright lottery: citizenship and global inequality (2009
), 128–130. RUTH RUBIO-MARIN, Immigration as a Democratic Challenge:
Citizenship and Inclusion in Germany and the United States (2000), 103. Also on
Author: Gonçalo Matias
This book examines a stringent problem of current migration societies—whether or not to extend citizenship to resident migrants. Undocumented migration has been an active issue for many decades in the USA, and became a central concern in Europe following the Mediterranean migrant crisis. In this innovative study based on the basic principles of transnational citizenship law and the naturalization pattern around the world, Matias purports that it is possible to determine that no citizen in waiting should be permanently excluded from citizenship. Such a proposition not only imposes a positive duty overriding an important dimension of sovereignty but it also gives rise to a discussion about undocumented migration. With its transnational law focus, and cases from public international law courts, European courts and national courts, Citizenship as a Human Right: The Fundamental Right to a Specific Citizenship may be applied to virtually anywhere in the world.
53 Kingsbury, 'Sovereignty and Inequality'599, 602. 54 Shachar, The Birthright
Lottery 8. 55 Kingsbury, 'Sovereignty and Inequality'. 56 Shachar, The Birthright
Lottery 9. 57 Shachar, The Birthright Lottery 9. 58 Shachar, The Birthright Lottery
Author: Christian H. Kälin
In Ius Doni in International Law and EU Law, Dr. Christian H. Kälin establishes the concept of ius doni as one of the latest trends of acquisition of citizenship by investment, quickly spreading among states.
contingencies of birthright citizenship. However, we should not forget that this
discussion takes place largely among the privileged 'winners' of the 'birthright
lottery'.1 There is no doubt that global inequalities need to be addressed, but is it
Author: Rainer Bauböck
This open access book discusses how national citizenship is being transformed by economic, social and political change. It focuses on the emergence of global markets where citizenship is for sale and on how new reproduction technologies impact citizenship by descent. It also discusses the return of banishment through denationalisation of terrorist suspects, and the impact of digital technologies, such as blockchain, on the future of democratic citizenship. The book provides a wide range of views on these issues from legal scholars, political scientists, and political practitioners. It is structured as a series of four conversations in which authors respond to each other. This exchange of arguments provides unique depth to current debates about the future of citizenship.
2009. The Idea of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Shachar,
Ayelet. 2009. The Birthright Lottery: Citizenship and Global Inequality. Cambridge
, MA: Harvard University Press. Shaffer, Gregory, Victor Mosoti, and Asif Quereshi
Author: Mathias Risse
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Debates about global justice have traditionally fallen into two camps. Statists believe that principles of justice can only be held among those who share a state. Those who fall outside this realm are merely owed charity. Cosmopolitans, on the other hand, believe that justice applies equally among all human beings. On Global Justice shifts the terms of this debate and shows how both views are unsatisfactory. Stressing humanity's collective ownership of the earth, Mathias Risse offers a new theory of global distributive justice--what he calls pluralist internationalism--where in different contexts, different principles of justice apply. Arguing that statists and cosmopolitans seek overarching answers to problems that vary too widely for one single justice relationship, Risse explores who should have how much of what we all need and care about, ranging from income and rights to spaces and resources of the earth. He acknowledges that especially demanding redistributive principles apply among those who share a country, but those who share a country also have obligations of justice to those who do not because of a universal humanity, common political and economic orders, and a linked global trading system. Risse's inquiries about ownership of the earth give insights into immigration, obligations to future generations, and obligations arising from climate change. He considers issues such as fairness in trade, responsibilities of the WTO, intellectual property rights, labor rights, whether there ought to be states at all, and global inequality, and he develops a new foundational theory of human rights.
... the'birthright lottery' (Schachar, 2009). Thisgoaliswell expressed byGready (
2004: 352) who argues: 'Theviolence of populationmobility and immobility;
conflicts,intervention andnonintervention; theglobal economyand
Author: K. Carrington
This is a provocative collection of timely reflections on the state of social democracy and its inextricable links to crime and justice. Authored by some of the world's leading thinkers from the UK, US, Canada and Australia, the volume provides an understanding of socially sustainable societies.
Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann INTRODUCTION A relatively small percentage of
the world's population has won the 'birthright lottery' (Shachar, 2009); they are the
people who have the good fortune to have been born in countries where most ...
Author: Anja Mihr
The SAGE Handbook of Human Rights will comprise a two volume set consisting of more than 50 original chapters that clarify and analyze human rights issues of both contemporary and future importance. The Handbook will take an inter-disciplinary approach, combining work in such traditional fields as law, political science and philosophy with such non-traditional subjects as climate change, demography, economics, geography, urban studies, mass communication, and business and marketing. In addition, one of the aspects of mainstreaming is the manner in which human rights has come to play a prominent role in popular culture, and there will be a section on human rights in art, film, music and literature. Not only will the Handbook provide a state of the art analysis of the discipline that addresses the history and development of human rights standards and its movements, mechanisms and institutions, but it will seek to go beyond this and produce a book that will help lead to prospective thinking.
3. Sawhill, I. and Haskins, R. (2009), Creating an Opportunity Society,
Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. Schachar, A. (2009), The Birthright Lottery
. Harvard, MA: Harvard University Press. Sen, A. (1999), Development as
Freedom, Oxford: ...
Author: Guy Standing
Publisher: A&C Black
This book presents the Precariat – an emerging class, comprising the rapidly growing number of people facing lives of insecurity, moving in and out of jobs that give little meaning to their lives. Guy Standing argues that this class is producing instabilities in society. Although it would be wrong to characterise members of the Precariat as victims, many are frustrated and angry. The Precariat is dangerous because it is internally divided, leading to the villainisation of migrants and other vulnerable groups. Lacking agency, its members may be susceptible to the siren calls of political extremism. To prevent a 'politics of inferno', Guy Standing argues for a 'politics of paradise', in which redistribution and income security are reconfi gured in a new kind of Good Society, and in which the fears and aspirations of the Precariat are made central to a progressive strategy.
Schuck, P. H. (1997) 'Refugee BurdenSharing: A Modest Proposal'. Yale Journal
of International Law, 22: 243. Shachar, A. (2009) The Birthright Lottery:
Citizenship and Global Inequality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterize this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.
and the Earth - type humans ; during those two centuries , the Earth ' s population
has been controlled in part by means of a birthright lottery ( the winners are
allowed to have children ) , and the kzinti have grown markedly less aggressive .
Author: Frank Northen Magill
Publisher: Magill Surveys
Presents 2,000-word analyses on 75 literary works dealing with meetings between humans and extraterrestrial intelligent beings.
This is what is so often forgotten in the debate about refugees, that it's just a
birthright lottery and nothing more. That desperate father, mum and child on a
leaky boat washing up on our shores could be us, our dads, mums and sisters,
Author: Kon Karapanagiotidis
A powerful, inspiring memoir from Kon Karapanagiotidis, founder of the Asylum Seeker Resource Centre, which argues that by putting community, love and compassion at the centre of our lives, we have the power to change our world. 'I hope you take from this book the message that we all matter. That there is a place for all of us. That once we know our own voice, live the values close to our hearts and follow our dreams, we can be unstoppable. Hope is only exhausted if we forsake ourselves, otherwise no one can take hope away from us. It is both our sanctuary and our destiny to live a life with love, belonging, connection and community.' A powerful, heartfelt and inspiring memoir from one of Australia's leading human rights advocates, Kon Karapanagiotidis, The Power of Hope tells the story of how Kon overcame his traumatic childhood of racism, bullying and loneliness to create one of Australia's largest and best-loved human rights organisations, the Asylum Seeker Resource Centre, which has gone on to transform the lives of thousands of refugees and has helped build a movement. A book about how love, compassion, kindness and courage can transform our communities and ourselves, The Power of Hope shows us in times of darkness, both personal and political, that if we stand as one we can shine brightly and fiercely - as together we are powerful. 'An inspiring story' - The Sydney Morning Herald
Wandering through the worlds greatestshopping malls after winning the lottery
would scarcely begin to tellSolomons story But even if you won the lottery,
Solomon still had two things you and I do not have. Because he was the king, he
Author: David C. Needham
David Needham asks "Christian, do you know who you are?" in this remarkable and easy-to-understand rerelease of his book about the Christian's birthright. He offers fresh insight into the theological problem of Christian identity, biblically based teaching, and a challenge for personal enrichment and further Bible study. Birthright achieves an excellent balance between the theological and the practical. The author's sincerity and candid writing style are guaranteed to buoy the spirits of readers.
For example, the accident of whereone wasborn, orone's good orill fortunein
what Ayelet Shachar hascalled'the birthright lottery',must not, according
toprominent cosmopolitan theorists, colour one's deliberations over principles
Author: T. Erskine
Nowhere are clashes between competing ethical perspectives more prevalent than in the realm of International Relations. Thus, understanding tragedy is directly relevant to understanding IR. This volume explores the various ways that tragedy can be used as a lens through which international relations might be brought into clearer focus.