The Epic of Askia Mohammed

The text is a word-for-word translation from Nouhou Malio's oral performance.

The Epic of Askia Mohammed

Author: Nouhou Malio

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253209900

Page: 88

View: 257

Askia Mohammed is the most famous leader in the history of the Songhay Empire, which reached its apogee during his reign in 1493-1528. Songhay, approximately halfway between the present-day cities of Timbuktu in Mali and Niamey in Niger, became a political force beginning in 1463, under the leadership of Sonni Ali Ber. By the time of his death in 1492, the foundation had been laid for the development under Askia Mohammed of a complex system of administration, a well-equipped army and navy, and a network of large government-owned farms. The present rendition of the epic was narrated by the griot (or jeseré) Nouhou Malio over two evenings in Saga, a small town on the Niger River, two miles downstream from Niamey. The text is a word-for-word translation from Nouhou Malio's oral performance.

Oral Epics from Africa

In the Epic of Askia Mohammed , we find descriptions of the aid provided by the
Zarma . In The Epic of Mali Bero , there are also descriptions of that mutual
assistance . Both The Epic of Mali Bero and The Epic of Issa Korombé , narratives
that ...

Oral Epics from Africa

Author: John Johnson, Sir

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253211101

Page: 331

View: 477

It seems incredible that heretofore there has not been an introductory anthology of African epics presented in English. Western literary culture has long emphasized the heritage of such well-known epics as the Iliad, the Odyssey, and Aeneid. But it is only recently that scholars have turned their attention toward capturing the rich oral tradition that is still alive in Africa. The twenty-five excerpts in this volume have been selected and introduced so as to offer English-speaking readers a broad sample of the extensive epic traditions in Africa. The general introduction and the background on each epic will enable readers to understand the context of each epic and will also provide leads for further inquiry.

The Desert Shore

Raised in the guise of the son of a captive , Askia grows to manhood and then
kills his uncle before taking control of the chieftaincy ( 11 . 184 – 185 ) . Although
the chronicles emphasize the faithfulness to Islam of Askia Mohammed , the epic
 ...

The Desert Shore

Author: Christopher Wise

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9780894108679

Page: 273

View: 247

Presents contemporary literatures of the Sahel, along with contextualizing chapters by critics from Africa, Europe and North America. The text demonstrates the resilienbce and cultural wealth of modern Sahelian society, and provides insights into perspectives on writing, literature and language.

At the Limits of Memory

The political motivation of the epic is to situate the ruler Askia mohammed and his
dynasty centrally in songhay history and to legitimize his political and religious
rule. for this reason, the bulk of the epic is dedicated to Askia mohammed.

At the Limits of Memory

Author: Nicola Frith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1781387583

Page: 259

View: 658

Recent years have seen a growing body of literature dedicated to memories of slavery in the Anglophone world, yet little has been done to approach this subject from Francophone perspectives. This collection responds to the urgent need to contribute to current research on slavery and memory studies by focusing specifically on the Francophone world. Featuring the scholarship of leading academics in France, Britain, the United States and Canada, the collection reflects upon contemporary commemorative practices that relate to the history of slavery and the slave trade, and questions how they function in relationship to other, less memorialized histories of exploitation, such as indentured and forced labour. The volume is set against the context of France's growing body of memory legislation, as well as its close cultural and political connections to its former empire, all of which make it an influential player in how slavery continues to be memorialized and conceptualized in the public sphere. Contributors retrace and redraw the narrative map of slavery and its legacies in the Francophone world through a comparative understanding of how these different, but interconnected forms of labour exploitation have been remembered and/or forgotten from European, West African, Indian Ocean and Caribbean perspectives.

Heroism and the Supernatural in the African Epic

... on the nature and characteristics of African epics, this study systematically
examined five African epics from West, Central, and Southern Africa: Sundiata:
An Epic of Old Mali, The Epic of Askia Mohammed, The Ozidi Saga, The Mwindo
Epic, ...

Heroism and the Supernatural in the African Epic

Author: Mariam Konaté Deme

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136932658

Page: 148

View: 362

There exists a strong tendency within Western literary criticism to either deny the existence of epics in Africa or to see African literatures as exotic copies of European originals. In both cases, Western criticism has largely failed to acknowledge the distinctiveness of African literary aesthetics. This book revises traditional literary canons in examining the social, cultural and emotional specificity of African epics. Mariam Konate Deme highlights the distinguishing features that characterize the African epic, emphasizing the significance of the fantastic and its use as an essential element in the dramatic structure of African epics. As Deme notes, the fantastic can be fully appreciated only against the cosmological background of the societies that produce those heroic tales. This book not only contributes to the scholarship on African oral literature, but also adds reshapes our understanding of heroic literature in general.

Sorcery Totem and Jihad in African Philosophy

By way of contrast, The Epic of Askia Mohammed never infers that the use of
occult sorcery is the real reason for the downfall of the askiyas. Instead, the city of
Gao is destroyed when a woman from the city reveals its occult secrets to the ...

Sorcery  Totem  and Jihad in African Philosophy

Author: Christopher Wise

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350013129

Page: 216

View: 241

In this significant new work in African Philosophy, Christopher Wise explores deconstruction's historical indebtedness to Egypto-African civilization and its relevance in Islamicate Africa today. He does so by comparing deconstructive and African thought on the spoken utterance, nothingness, conjuration, the oath or vow, occult sorcery, blood election, violence, circumcision, totemic inscription practices, animal metamorphosis and sacrifice, the Abrahamic, fratricide, and jihad. Situated against the backdrop of the Ansar Dine's recent jihad in Northern Mali, Sorcery, Totem and Jihad in African Philosophy examines the root causes of the conflict and offers insight into the Sahel's ancient, complex, and vibrant civilization. This book also demonstrates the relevance of deconstructive thought in the African setting, especially the writing of the Franco-Algerian philosopher Jacques Derrida.

The Literary Griot

The Epic of Askia Mohammed . Bloomington and Indianapolis : Indiana
University Press , 1996. 88 pages . Paper . John K. Marah SUNY College at
Brockport Griots , or " walking historians " in present day Mali , Guinea , Senegal ,
Sierra ...

The Literary Griot

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The Epic of Kelefaa Saane

Primary evidence details Askia Mohammed's reign from 1493 to 1528. But there
is no such corroboration of Kelefaa Saane's impact on the course of the history of
Kaabu. His memory, at best, has been grounded in oral traditions and still ...

The Epic of Kelefaa Saane

Author: Sirifo Camara

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253004241

Page: 224

View: 755

This powerful and popular epic honors the legendary warrior prince of Kaabu and Mandinka cultural hero, Kelefaa Saane. A standard of the griot repertoire, the epic of Kelefaa Saane is customarily taught to young performers at the beginning of their careers. Sirifo Camara's masterful recitation was recorded in Dakar in 1987. It has been transcribed in Mandinka and is translated into English here for the first time. The epic, as it describes Kelefaa's life and exploits, relates what it means to be Mandinka. Kelefaa's extraordinary prowess and virtue derive from the political, social, moral, and theological founding myths of the Mandinka people. This beautiful and engaging performance provides a unique perspective on the intellectual and literary heritage of West Africa.

Research in African Literatures

If you are wondering what happened to Hale ' s request that the bard tell the story
of Askia Mohammed , you should take a good look at that first line of the story . ...
So why does Hale continue to call this The Epic of Askia Mohammed ?

Research in African Literatures

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History Of Islam In Africa

African epics such as Sundiata , Askia Mohammed , and the Ta'rikhs were all
marked by their deference to the supremacy of Islamic traditions . In addition to
the written historical account of the rise and fall of the great Sudanic empire of ...

History Of Islam In Africa

Author: Nehemia Levtzion

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 9780821412961

Page: 601

View: 843

The history of the Islamic faith on the continent of Africa spans fourteen centuries. For the first time in a single volume, The History of Islam in Africa presents a detailed historic mapping of the cultural, political, geographic, and religious past of this significant presence on a continent-wide scale. Bringing together two dozen leading scholars, this comprehensive work treats the historical development of the religion in each major region and examines its effects. Without assuming prior knowledge of the subject on the part of its readers, The History of Islam in Africa is broken down into discrete areas, each devoted to a particular place or theme and each written by experts in that particular arena. The introductory chapters examine the principal “gateways” from abroad through which Islam traditionally has influenced Africans. The following two parts present overviews of Islamic history in West Africa and the Sudanic zone, and in subequatorial Africa. In the final section, the authors discuss important themes that have had an impact on Muslim communities in Africa. Designed as both a reference and a text, The History of Islam in Africa will be an essential tool for libraries, scholars, and students of this growing field.

African Studies Review

The first section is framed by accounts of the origins of the Fulani and the epic of
Askia Mohammed . The importance of griots in preserving history and making it
relevant is evident in both chapters . Christopher Wise ' s translation of al - Hajj ...

African Studies Review

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Griots and Griottes

C LE Selected English Translations of Epics by Griots All texts are in linear format
and translated from the original language unless otherwise indicated . Not all are
in ... Followed by The Epic of Askia Mohammed Recounted by Nouhou Malio .

Griots and Griottes

Author: Thomas A. Hale

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 410

View: 364

Griots, a uniquely African profession, fulfill a variety of roles as genealogists, historians, spokespersons, diplomats, musicians, teachers, praise singers, and advisors. Thomas A. Hale addresses the nature of their verbal and musical art, the role of female griots, or griottes, how griots and griottes fit into their societies, and what their future might be in Afrieca and the rest of the world.

Essential World History

he Epic of Askia Mohammed is an oral history passed down through generations
of West Africans. It relates the heroic deeds of the famous monarch who led the
kingdom of Songhai to the zenith of its power in the early sixteenth century.

Essential World History

Author: William J. Duiker

Publisher: Thomson

ISBN: 9780534578916

Page: 844

View: 337

Language in Action

Olivier de Sardan ( 1982 , 1984 ) traces the origin of possession to the late 15th
century , a time when Islam was institutionalized during the reign of Askia
Mohammed Touré . Furthermore , each spirit family in the Songhay pantheon —
there ...

Language in Action

Author: Roger W. Shuy

Publisher: Hampton Press (NJ)

ISBN:

Page: 588

View: 238

How is language used by people to shape who they are and to build connections among them? How do such linguistic dynamics affect relationships, work, and even personal safety? This book seeks to answer questions such as these.

Acta Ethnographica Hungarica

The “ new empire ” probably had its shiniest period under this prominent general
, Askia Mohammed Taure presumably ... event of the past 20–30 years of the
discovery of African heroic epic was the publication of the Askia Mohammed epic
.

Acta Ethnographica Hungarica

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Literature and Belief

Islamic and Songhay Belief Systems in the Timbuktu Chronicles and the Epic of
Askia Mohammed , ” Thomas Hale shows how Islamic beliefs in the Sahelian
region of West Africa are often undermined by older and indigenous religious ...

Literature and Belief

Author:

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Translation Review

An African oral epic about the Songhay Empire . Askia Mohammed is the most
famous leader in the history of that empire , which reached its apogee during his
reign in the years 1493 - 1528 . Songhay , approximately halfway between
present ...

Translation Review

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African Literature Studies

In 1980 - 81 , he collected ten versions of the epic of Askia Mohammed and ten
versions of the epic of Mali Bero , a legendary leader of the Zarma people .
Where Stoller had to decode Soninké words in the incantations of the magicians
and ...

African Literature Studies

Author: African Literature Association

Publisher: Three Continents

ISBN: 9780894104367

Page: 314

View: 817