Introduced here are innovations to the entire manufacturing culture: An original approach to the analysis of manufacturing paradigms Suggested methods for developing creativity in product design A quantitative analysis of manufacturing ...
Author: Yoram Koren
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The concrete tools manufacturing enterprises need to thrive in today's global environment For a manufacturing enterprise to succeed in this current volatile economic environment, a revolution is needed in restructuring its three main components: product design, manufacturing, and business model. The Global Manufacturing Revolution is the first book to focus on these issues. Based on the author's long-standing course work at the University of Michigan, this unique volume proposes new technologies and new business strategies that can increase an enterprise's speed of responsiveness to volatile markets, as well as enhance the integration of its own engineering and business. Introduced here are innovations to the entire manufacturing culture: An original approach to the analysis of manufacturing paradigms Suggested methods for developing creativity in product design A quantitative analysis of manufacturing system configurations A new manufacturing "reconfigurable" paradigm, in which the speed of responsiveness is the prime business goal An original approach to using information technology for workforce empowerment The book also offers analysis and original models of previous manufacturing paradigms' technical and business dimensions—including mass production and mass customization—in order to fully explain the current revolution in global manufacturing enterprises. In addition, 200 original illustrations and pictures help to clarify the topics. Globalization is creating both opportunities and challenges for companies that manufacture durable goods. The tools, theories, and case studies in this volume will be invaluable to engineers pursuing leadership careers in the manufacturing industry, as well as to leaders of global enterprises and business students who are motivated to lead manufacturing enterprises and ensure their growth.
The global manufacturing sector is evolving rapidly.
Author: Hiroshi Toriya
The global manufacturing sector is evolving rapidly. Recently the U.S. government has made efforts to strengthen the manufacturing industry and promote "reshoring" of domestic manufacturing operations that had moved overseas. Amidst the current manufacturing revolution, what must a global manufacturer do to win in the competition with its rivals around the world? One answer is to leverage 3D design data to optimize the global production process, from design and development to production, sales, and service.For a manufacturer to succeed in the global marketplace, it needs to use IT innovations such as XVL to develop optimized processes and implement these processes as standards throughout the organization.
The field of international trade has experienced a true revolution in recent years.
Firms rather than countries or industries are now the central unit of analysis. The
workhorse trade models used by most researchers both in theoretical work as ...
Author: Pol Antràs
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Global Production is the first book to provide a fully comprehensive overview of the complicated issues facing multinational companies and their global sourcing strategies. Few international trade transactions today are based on the exchange of finished goods; rather, the majority of transactions are dominated by sales of individual components and intermediary services. Many firms organize global production around offshoring parts, components, and services to producers in distant countries, and contracts are drawn up specific to the parties and distinct legal systems involved. Pol Antràs examines the contractual frictions that arise in the international system of production and how these frictions influence the world economy. Antràs discusses the inevitable complications that develop in contract negotiation and execution. He provides a unified framework that sheds light on the factors helping global firms determine production locations and other organizational choices. Antràs also implements a series of systematic empirical tests, based on recent data from the U.S. Customs and Census Offices, which demonstrate the relevance of contractual factors in global production decisions. Using an integrated approach, Global Production is an excellent resource for researchers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates interested in the inner workings of international economics and trade.
The focus is on five technologies: information and communication technologies (
ICTs), industrial robotics, 3D printing, biotechnology and nanotechnology. These
technologies are central to what is here termed the “next production revolution”.
Publisher: OECD Publishing
This publication examines the opportunities and challenges, for business and government, associated with technologies bringing about the “next production revolution”. These include a variety of digital technologies (e.g. the Internet of Things and advanced robotics), industrial...
CHAPTER 5 THE UNITED STATES : BEYOND THE QUALITY REVOLUTION *
During the 1980s , quality was the driving theme in U.S. manufacturing . This
theme overtook American industry so suddenly and completely that , in previous
Author: Jeffrey G. Miller
Publisher: Irwin Professional Pub
Grounded in data collected from over 1000 manufacturing companies worldwide, Benchmarking Global Manufacturing reveals valuable insights about these companies' performance, operations, and strategies. With these comparisons, you'll be equipped to challenge assumptions and think strategically in every decision. You'll also: discover how the industrial nations are responding to rapid advances within the manufacturing industry; recognize world-class characteristics so your company can concentrate its efforts on methods that conserve resources and improve quality and productivity; develop a solid benchmarking strategy using the same hands-on toolkit that has proven successful for over a hundred global manufacturing companies.
... and improved transportation (see, for example, Friedman, 2000 ) but also
by enabled trends such as agile manufacturing where local investments in
infrastructure could enable new players to participate in global manufacturing.
Author: Philip S. Anton
Publisher: Rand Corporation
Beyond the agricultural and industrial revolutions of the past, a globaltechnology revolution is currently changing the world. This book discussesthe broad, multidisciplinary, and synergistic trends in this revolution,including genomics, cloning, biomedical engineering, smart materials, agilemanufacturing, nanofabricated computation devices, and integratedmicrosystems. The revolution's effects on human health may be the most startling as breakthroughs improve both the quality and length of human life.Biotechnology will also enable us to identify, understand, manipulate,improve, and control living organisms (including ourselves). Informationtechnology is already revolutionizing our lives, especially in the developedworld, and is a major enabler of other trends. Materials technology willproduce products, components, and systems that are smaller, smarter,multi-functional, environmentally compatible, more survivable, andcustomizable. In addition, smart materials, agile manufacturing, andnanotechnology will change the way we produce devices and improve theircapabilities. The technology revolution will not be uniform in its effectacross the globe but will play out differently depending on its acceptance,investment, and a variety of issues such as bioethics, privacy, economicdisparity, cultural invasion, and social reactions. There will be no turningback, however, since some societies will avail themselves of the revolution,and globalization will thus change the environment in which each societylives.
References [9.1] Koren, Y., 2007, The Global Manufacturing Revolution, ME587
Coursepack, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA. [9.2] Mehrabi, M.G.,
Ulsoy, A.G., Koren, Y. and Heytler, P., 2002, “Trends and perspectives in flexible
Author: Lihui Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book presents a collection of quality chapters on the state-of-the-art of research efforts in the area of smart devices and novel machine design, as well as their practical applications to enable advanced manufacturing. The first section presents a broad-based review of several key areas of research in smart devices and machines. The second section is focused on presenting an in-depth treatment of a particular device or machine. The book will be of interest to a broad readership.
In contrast , the international division of labour of today is far more complex .
Particularly dramatic changes have occurred in the past thirty to forty years .
National boundaries no longer act as watertight containers of the production
Author: Jamie Peck
This book provides a critical analysis of the far-reaching process of urban transformation, searching beneath the hype to expose the true character of the 'new Manchester'. Has Manchester engineered an urban renaissance, having finally turned its back on the grimy factory economy? Or is it on a slow-motion slide into the post-industrial sludge of economic insecurity and social polarization? Drawing on the work of leading researchers and commentators in the field, this collection provides answers to these and other questions concerning Manchester's changing political economy.
During the nineteenth century, the proportion of the total manufacturing workforce
that was in the rich part of the world rose ... The way companies switch their
approach to suit the broader platform for global manufacturing will be central to
Author: Peter Marsh
Publisher: Yale University Press
Explores more than 250 years of manufacturing history, arguing that the rise of China and India is not necessarily the death knell of the U.S., U.K., German and Japanese economies, if only those nations can adapt.
In short, a new global manufacturing revolution is needed to succeed in the new
global economy; it must be a revolution based on responsive manufacturing
systems and responsive business models. Responsive business models should
Author: Hwaiyu Geng
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
The new edition of this professional resource reveals how to optimize all aspects of the global manufacturing process to build the highest quality goods at the lowest price in the shortest possible time. How can one apply technical and business knowledge to develop a strategic plan that delivers increased productivity, quality, sustainability, reliability, agility, resilience, and best practices with rapid time to production and value? The answers are found in the fully updated new edition of Manufacturing Engineering Handbook. The goal of this second edition is to provide the essential knowledge needed to build products with the highest quality at the lowest cost in the least amount of time by optimizing all aspects of the manufacturing process—design, development, tools, processes, quality, speed, output, safety, and sustainability. You will gain access to information on conventional and modern technologies, manufacturing processes, and operations management that will assist you in achieving these goals. The book is written by a team of more than 100 internationally renowned manufacturing engineering experts, and pared down from its original 1200 pages. The new and vastly improved second edition is specifically designed to concisely and succinctly cover traditional manufacturing processes and advanced technologies as well as newer manufacturing software and systems to integrate them into the modern, global manufacturing world. Brand-new chapters on: eco-design and sustainability; nano materials and nano manufacturing; facilities planning; operations research New sections on plastics, composites, and moldmaking; global manufacturing and supply chain management Increased coverage of Design for Six Sigma and adaptive manufacturing Affiliated web site with color illustrations, graphs, charts, discussions on future trends, additional technical papers, and suggestions for further reading
An analysis of the globalization of production since World War II . The author
begins by analyzing the origin and growth of transnational corporations and the
transportation / communications revolution that enable global production systems
Author: John J. Accordino
Publisher: Amer Library Assn
With distressing regularity we are reminded that the engine that drives our economy can malfunction. The United States in the Global Economy sets out to explore the factors that help explain how the emerging global economy affects domestic economic health and defines a number of policy choices available to the US as it attempts to cope with a rapidly changing world.
By looking instead at the value added in each country, UNCTAD found that
developing countries' share of global manufacturing has actually fallen in recent
years. UNCTAD concludes, “Few of the countries which pursued rapid
liberalization of ...
Author: Duncan Green
Publisher: NYU Press
"Superb. Combining unassailable analysis with a thorough grasp of economic and political trends, Duncan Green convincingly argues that the region is headed for even greater tragedy unless people move toward more equitable and ecologically sustainable models of economic development." —Walden Bello, founder of Focus on the Global South The first edition of Green's Silent Revolution, published in 1995, described the imposition of neoliberal economic models in Latin America, the role of the IMF and World Bank in enforcing them, and their consequences. In this second, revised edition, Green extends his analysis into the present, showing how the current economic meltdown in Latin America was prepared by an economic strategy that could never live up to its own claims. The new edition was completed in a moment when the Argentinean economy is in ruins, Brazil is on the brink of collapse, riots are taking place in Uruguay, Peru, and in Paraguay, and a U.S. supported coup has just been averted in Venezuela. It will be an essential work for understanding ongoing developments in the region.