Based on ethnographic fieldwork at different points in time, this book examines the effects of electricity's arrival in a rural community in Zanzibar.
Author: Tanja Winther
Publisher: Berghahn Books
How does everyday life change when electricity becomes available to a group of people for the first time? Why do some groups tend to embrace this icon of development while other groups actively fight against it? This book examines the effects of electricity's arrival in an African, rural community. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Zanzibar at different points in time, the author provides a compelling account of the social implications in question. The rhythm of life changes and life is speeding up. Sexuality and marriage patterns are affected. And a range of social relations, e.g. between generations and genders, as well as relations between human beings and spirits, become modified. Despite men and women's general appreciation of the new services electricity provides, new dilemmas emerge. By using electricity as a guide through the social landscape, the particularities of social and cultural life in this region emerge. Simultaneously, the book invites readers to understand the ways that electricity affects and becomes implicated in our everyday life.
Energy systems based on renewable energy sources require increasing demand side flexibility.
Author: Marian Hayn
Energy systems based on renewable energy sources require increasing demand side flexibility. Also, changes in the underlying cost structure, i. e., decreasing variable costs and increasing infrastructure investments, and varying customer needs should be reflected in the setup of future markets, including retail markets and electricity providers' tariffs. While various studies focus solely on tariffs with variable energy prices to leverage residential demand side flexibility, we incorporate tariffs with a variable capacity price component in our analysis. The latter enables electricity providers to offer more differentiated tariffs, considering individual customer needs and a balanced cost allocation. To compare the impact of different tariffs on residential demand side flexibility, we develop a bottom-up load model. This model not only simulates but also optimizes residential load profiles according to different tariffs. In order to account for behavioral aspects, the model is calibrated based on data from a large-scale field trial. Our results show that tariffs with variable energy prices induce larger demand side flexibility, but the impact of tariffs with variable capacity prices is more predictable and reliable from a supplier's point of view. To enable sustainable business models, politics should change regulations rewarding demand side flexibility and facilitating the technical implementation.
The Government of Montenegro is preparing an electricity tariff reform due to recent developments in the national and regional electricity markets.
Author: Patricia Silva
The Government of Montenegro is preparing an electricity tariff reform due to recent developments in the national and regional electricity markets. Electricity tariffs for residential consumers in Montenegro are likely to gradually increase by anywhere from 40 to over 100 percent. This significant price rise will impose a heavy burden on poor households and it may adversely affect the environment. In an ex-ante investigation of the welfare impact of this price increase on households in Montenegro, the authors show that the anticipated price increase will result in a significant increase in households' energy expenditures. A simulation of alternative policy measures analyzes the impact of different tariff levels and structures on the poor and vulnerable households in particular. Higher electricity prices could also significantly increase the proportion of households using fuelwood for space heating.
Impact. on. Electricity. Distribution. Introduction. This chapter summarizes the
elements of the electricity sector reform in the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC
) Region and evaluates its impact. It uses an original data set built by the authors,
Author: Luis A. Andres
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Infrastructure plays a key role in fostering growth and productivity and has been linked to improved earnings, health, and education levels for the poor. Yet Latin America and the Caribbean are currently faced with a dangerous combination of relatively low public and private infrastructure investment. Those investment levels must increase, and it can be done. If Latin American and Caribbean governments are to increase infrastructure investment in politically feasible ways, it is critical that they learn from experience and have an accurate idea of future impacts. This book contributes to this aim by producing what is arguably the most comprehensive privatization impact analysis in the region to date, drawing on an extremely comprehensive dataset.
Impact. Factors. of. Industrial. Electricity. Demand. In Chap. 11, the E-GDP
function for selected countries did not involve any sequence of electricity price.
How does electricity price impact electricity consumption? What other factors
Author: Zhaoguang Hu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Electricity Economics: Production Functions with Electricity studies the production output from analyzing patterns of electricity consumption. Since electricity data can be used to measure scenarios of economic performance due to its accuracy and reliability, it could therefore also be used to help scholars explore new research frontiers that directly and indirectly benefits human society. Our research initially explores a similar pattern to substitute the Cobb–Douglas function with the production function with electricity to track and forecast economic activities. The book systematically introduces the theoretical frameworks and mathematical models of economics from the perspective of electricity consumption. The E-GDP functions are presented for case studies of more than 20 developed and developing countries. These functions also demonstrate substantial similarities between human DNA and production functions with electricity in terms of four major characteristics, namely replication, mutation, uniqueness, and evolution. Furthermore, the book includes extensive data and case studies on the U.S., China, Japan, etc. It is intended for scientists, engineers, financial professionals, policy makers, consultants, and anyone else with a desire to study electricity economics as well as related applications. Dr. Zhaoguang Hu is the vice president and chief energy specialist at the State Grid Energy Research Institute, China. Zheng Hu is a PhD candidate at the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy, University of Delaware, USA.
The Impact of Power Quality on the Economy of Electricity Markets.
Author: Hector Arango
The Impact of Power Quality on the Economy of Electricity Markets.
This book comprehensively covers the invention of electricity, from the cultures that tried to harness the power of lightning over centuries to Benjamin Franklin's tests with a kite and a key, the industrialization of the lightbulb by ...
Author: Bethany Bryan
Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC
Electricity was not the invention of one individual, but the work of many over generations, from civilizations around the world. This book comprehensively covers the invention of electricity, from the cultures that tried to harness the power of lightning over centuries to Benjamin Franklin's tests with a kite and a key, the industrialization of the lightbulb by Thomas Edison, and the use of electric power today. Through sidebars, fact boxes, and colorful photographs, this book highlights the key moments, positive and negatives impacts, and technological innovations relating to one of the most revolutionary technologies today.
The advantages of electricity at the point of use have always been that it is clean ,
precise , and efficient . ... However , for virtually all countries , the impacts of
electricity generation are high on the list of active environmental issues , and
Author: R. E. Hester
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
The wide-ranging subjects addressed in this book will contribute to the public understanding of science in this important area.
34. 35. In the short and medium term, the impact of Electricity Market Reform on
bills is likely to be marginal compared to a baseline of continuing with the existing
support arrangements for low-carbon generation. Average costs for households,
Author: Great Britain: Department of Energy and Climate Change
Publisher: The Stationery Office
This white paper sets the Government's proposals for reform of the UK's electricity system to ensure that the UK electricity supply is secure, low-carbon and affordable. This is especially crucial as we face a number of unprecedented challenges in the coming decades including the threat to security of supply as existing plant closes; the necessity to decarbonise electricity generation; the likelihood for a rise in electricity demand and electricity prices are also expected to rise. Broadly the strategy's approach consists of four parts: long term contracts for both low-carbon energy and capacity; institutional arrangements to support this contracting approach; continued grandfathering, supporting the principle of no retrospective change to low-carbon policy incentives, within a clear and rational planning cycle; and ensuring a liquid market that allows existing energy companies and new entrants to compete on fair terms
the need to remove electricity subsidies in other to free the resources for other
key sectors; inadequate funds from the ... (See also Pollitt, 1995; Newbery, 1999)
The studies of the effects of ownership change on performance in developing ...
Author: Eshi Agbadua
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Master's Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Economics - Case Scenarios, grade: 65, Aston University, language: English, abstract: The slow and deteriorating performance of the electricity power sector over the last few decades triggered the Federal Government of Nigeria to embark on a power sector reform program. This study examines the impact of the power sector reform (restructuring and privatization) on the performance of the electricity sector in Nigeria over the past twenty-five (25) years. Relevant electricity indicators are used to access the performance changes in three significant period; pure state-ownership, transition (restructuring and unbundling) and full privatization of the sector. The study also assesses how the effect of the economic environment, regulatory governance and political climate/effectiveness within the period contributes to the improvements in the electricity sector. The results shows that privatization is associated with improvement in the technical efficiency, access to electricity, electricity consumption per capita and an increase in electricity tariff in the sector. Furthermore, the results highlight the significant relationship between regulatory governance and a robust economy on the performance changes observed in the power industry.