The Intellectual Origins of Modernity

This book attests the importance of reason, which remains a powerful critical weapon of humankind against the idols that have come out of modernity: totalitarianism, fundamentalism, the golem of technology, genetic engineering and a ...

The Intellectual Origins of Modernity

Author: David Ohana

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351110500

Page: 240

View: 745

The Intellectual Origins of Modernity explores the long and winding road of modernity from Rousseau to Foucault and its roots, which are not to be found in a desire for enlightenment or in the idea of progress but in the Promethean passion of Western humankind. Modernity is the Promethean passion, the passion of humans to be their own master, to use their insight to make a world different from the one that they found, and to liberate themselves from their immemorial chains. This passion created the political ideologies of the nineteenth century and made its imprint on the totalitarian regimes that arose in their wake in the twentieth. Underlying the Promethean passion there was modernity—humankind's project of self-creation—and enlightenment, the existence of a constant tension between the actual and the desirable, between reality and the ideal. Beneath the weariness, the exhaustion and the skepticism of post-modernist criticism is a refusal to take Promethean horizons into account. This book attests the importance of reason, which remains a powerful critical weapon of humankind against the idols that have come out of modernity: totalitarianism, fundamentalism, the golem of technology, genetic engineering and a boundless will to power. Without it, the new Prometheus is liable to return the fire to the gods.

The Intellectual Foundations of Chinese Modernity

The book charts the development of these ideologies and explores the work and influence of the intellectuals who were associated with them.

The Intellectual Foundations of Chinese Modernity

Author: Edmund S. K. Fung

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139488236

Page:

View: 439

In the early twentieth century, China was on the brink of change. Different ideologies - those of radicalism, conservatism, liberalism, and social democracy - were much debated in political and intellectual circles. Whereas previous works have analyzed these trends in isolation, Edmund S. K. Fung shows how they related to one another and how intellectuals in China engaged according to their cultural and political persuasions. The author argues that it is this interrelatedness and interplay between different schools of thought that are central to the understanding of Chinese modernity, for many of the debates that began in the Republican era still resonate in China today. The book charts the development of these ideologies and explores the work and influence of the intellectuals who were associated with them. In its challenge to previous scholarship and the breadth of its approach, the book makes a major contribution to the study of Chinese political philosophy and intellectual history.

An Intellectual History of Modern China

This book is the only comprehensive book on modern China's intellectual history.

An Intellectual History of Modern China

Author: Professor of History Emerita Boston University and Associate of the John K Fairbank Center for East Asian Research Harvard University Merle Goldman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521797108

Page: 607

View: 567

This book is the only comprehensive book on modern China's intellectual history.

An Intellectual History for India

This volume addresses the power of ideas in the making of Indian political modernity. As an intermediate history of connections between South Asia and the global arena the volume raises new issues in intellectual history.

An Intellectual History for India

Author: Shruti Kapila

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521199751

Page: 164

View: 135

This volume addresses the power of ideas in the making of Indian political modernity. As an intermediate history of connections between South Asia and the global arena the volume raises new issues in intellectual history. It reviews the period from the emergence of constitutional liberalism in the1830s, through the swadeshi era to the writings of Tilak, Azad and Gandhi in the twentieth century. While several contributions reflect on the ideologies of nationalism, the volume seeks to rescue intellectual history from being simply a narration of the nation-state. It does not seek to create a 'canon' of political thought so much as to show how Indian concepts of state and society were redrawn in the context of emergent globalized debates about freedom, the constitution of the self and the good society in the late colonial era. In so doing the contributions here resituate an Indian intellectual history that has long been eclipsed by social and political history. These essays were originally published in a Special issue of the journal Modern Intellectual History (CUP, April 2007).

Rethinking Modern European Intellectual History

This book is a collection of essays by leading practitioners of modern European intellectual history, reflecting on the theoretical and methodological underpinnings of the field.

Rethinking Modern European Intellectual History

Author: Darrin M. McMahon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199769249

Page: 305

View: 135

This book is a collection of essays by leading practitioners of modern European intellectual history, reflecting on the theoretical and methodological underpinnings of the field. The essays each attempt to assess their respective disciplines, giving an account of their development and theoretical evolution, while also reflecting on current problems, challenges, and possibilities.

Domingos lvares African Healing and the Intellectual History of the Atlantic World

Journal of Interdisciplinary History 18 (1987): 195–224. Alencastro, Luiz Felipe
de. ... in Comparative History.” In Modernity and Its Malcontents: Ritual and
Power in Postcolonial Africa, edited by Jean Comaroff and John Comaroff, 89–
110.

Domingos   lvares  African Healing  and the Intellectual History of the Atlantic World

Author: James H. Sweet

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807878049

Page: 320

View: 774

Between 1730 and 1750, powerful healer and vodun priest Domingos Alvares traversed the colonial Atlantic world like few Africans of his time--from Africa to South America to Europe--addressing the profound alienation of warfare, capitalism, and the African slave trade through the language of health and healing. In Domingos Alvares, African Healing, and the Intellectual History of the Atlantic World, James H. Sweet finds dramatic means for unfolding a history of the eighteenth-century Atlantic world in which healing, religion, kinship, and political subversion were intimately connected.

The Human Motor

It goes well beyond its central concern with the 'science of work' to illuminate everything it discusses, from Marxism to the social uses of photography, from cultural decadence to the impact of the First World War."—Martin Jay, ...

The Human Motor

Author: Anson Rabinbach

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520078277

Page: 402

View: 497

"Masterfully integrating Europe-wide debates in science, philosophy, technology, economics, and social policy, Rabinbach has provided us with a profoundly original understanding of the productivist obsessions from which we are still painfully freeing ourselves. . . . A splendid example of the mutual enrichment of intellectual and social history. It goes well beyond its central concern with the 'science of work' to illuminate everything it discusses, from Marxism to the social uses of photography, from cultural decadence to the impact of the First World War."—Martin Jay, University of California, Berkeley

Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

The methodological perils of studies of reception are well known to historians; the
preference in intellectual history has been for studies of the decade or the
generation, not of the century, and the positive influences of immediate
predecessors ...

Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Author: Catherine Wilson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191608157

Page: 318

View: 625

This landmark study examines the role played by the rediscovery of the writings of the ancient atomists, Epicurus and Lucretius, in the articulation of the major philosophical systems of the seventeenth century, and, more broadly, their influence on the evolution of natural science and moral and political philosophy. The target of sustained and trenchant philosophical criticism by Cicero, and of opprobrium by the Christian Fathers of the early Church, for its unflinching commitment to the absence of divine supervision and the finitude of life, the Epicurean philosophy surfaced again in the period of the Scientific Revolution, when it displaced scholastic Aristotelianism. Both modern social contract theory and utilitarianism in ethics were grounded in its tenets. Catherine Wilson shows how the distinctive Epicurean image of the natural and social worlds took hold in philosophy, and how it is an acknowledged, and often unacknowledged presence in the writings of Descartes, Gassendi, Hobbes, Boyle, Locke, Leibniz, Berkeley. With chapters devoted to Epicurean physics and cosmology, the corpuscularian or "mechanical" philosophy, the question of the mortality of the soul, the grounds of political authority, the contested nature of the experimental philosophy, sensuality, curiosity, and the role of pleasure and utility in ethics, the author makes a persuasive case for the significance of materialism in seventeenth-century philosophy without underestimating the depth and significance of the opposition to it, and for its continued importance in the contemporary world. Lucretius's great poem, On the Nature of Things, supplies the frame of reference for this deeply-researched inquiry into the origins of modern philosophy. .

Platonism at the Origins of Modernity

That was how it appeared, for instance, to Roland N. Stromberg, author of An
Intellectual History of Modern Europe. 'The mechanical picture of the world', he
wrote, 'replaced an organic one'. And, for a representative of the organic picture
of ...

Platonism at the Origins of Modernity

Author: Douglas Hedley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402064074

Page: 296

View: 754

This collection of essays offers an overview of the range and breadth of Platonic philosophy in the early modern period. It examines philosophers of Platonic tradition, such as Cusanus, Ficino, and Cudworth. The book also addresses the impact of Platonism on major philosophers of the period, especially Descartes, Leibniz, Locke, Shaftesbury and Berkeley.

Intellectual Origins of Islamic Resurgence in the Modern Arab World

in this chapter, focuses on the intellectual (and religious or antire- ligious) outlook
of a selected number of Arab thinkers ... renaissance (nahdah), Westernization/
modernity/modernization, authority, knowledge, reconstruction, and critique have
 ...

Intellectual Origins of Islamic Resurgence in the Modern Arab World

Author: Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi'

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791426647

Page: 370

View: 126

Foreword Acknowledgments 1 The Context: Modern Arab Intellectual History, Themes, and Questions 2 Turath Resurgent? Arab Islamism and the Problematic of Tradition 3 Hasan al-Banna and the foundation fo the Ikhwan: Intellectual Underpinnings 4 Sayyid Qutb: The Pre-Ikhwan Phase 5 Sayyid Qutb’s Thought between 1952 and 1962: A Prelude to His Qur’anic Exegesis 6 Qur’anic Contents of Sayyid Qutb’s Thought 7 Toward an Islamic Liberation Theology: Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah and the Principles of Shi’i Resurgence 8 Islamic Revivalism: The Contemporary Debate Notes Bibliography Index

Both Eastern and Western

Studying intellectual trends in Iran in a global historical context, this new intellectual history challenges many dominant paradigms in Iranian historiography and offers a new revisionist interpretation of Iranian modernity.

Both Eastern and Western

Author: Afshin Matin-Asgari

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108428533

Page: 320

View: 264

Studying intellectual trends in Iran in a global historical context, this new intellectual history challenges many dominant paradigms in Iranian historiography and offers a new revisionist interpretation of Iranian modernity.

The Origins of Postmodernity

Beginning in the Hispanic world of the 1930s, the text takes the reader through to the 70s, when Lyotard and Habermas gave the idea of postmodernism wider currency and finally the 90s, with the work of Fredric Jameson.

The Origins of Postmodernity

Author: Perry Anderson

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859842225

Page: 143

View: 196

Traces the genesis, consolidation and consequences of the postmodern idea. Beginning in the Hispanic world of the 1930s, the text takes the reader through to the 70s, when Lyotard and Habermas gave the idea of postmodernism wider currency and finally the 90s, with the work of Fredric Jameson.

Islam Orientalism and Intellectual History

Spanning an impressive array of recent writings on these themes as well as older foundational texts in both traditions - including al-Tabari, lbn Khaldun, Hegel, al-Jabarti, Toynbee, Foucault, Edward Said and Hourani - this book is both ...

Islam  Orientalism and Intellectual History

Author: Mohammad Salama

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1848850050

Page: 274

View: 851

Debates on the relationship between Islam and the West continue to rage on, from talk of clashing civilizations to political pacification, from ethical and historical perspectives to distrust, xenophobia and fear. Here Mohammad Salama argues that the events of 9/11 force us to engage ourselves fully, without preconditions, in understanding not just the history of Islam as a religion, but of Islam as a historical condition that has existed in relationship to the West since the seventh century. Salama compares the Arab-Islamic and European traditions of historical thought since the early modern period, focusing on the watershed moments that informed the two traditions' ideas of Intellectual history and perceptions of one another. He draws attention to European intellectual history's entangled links with the Islamic philosophy of history, especially the complexities of orientalism and modernity. Recent critical reflections on the work of lbn Khaldun confirm this intertwined and troubled relationship, reflecting major disparities and contradictions. At the same time, recent Arab writings on Europe's intellectual history reveal a struggle against erasure and intellectual superiority. Calling for a new understanding of the relationship between Islam and the West, Salama argues that Islam has played a major role in enabling and positioning various paths of Western historiography at crucial moments of its development, leaving palpable imprints on Islamic historiography in the process. He proposes an answer to a fundamental question: how to make sense of the mechanics of production in Arab-Islamic and Western historiographies, or how to identify the ways in which they have both failed to make sense of themselves and of each other in an increasingly disenchanted postnationalist world. Spanning an impressive array of recent writings on these themes as well as older foundational texts in both traditions - including al-Tabari, lbn Khaldun, Hegel, al-Jabarti, Toynbee, Foucault, Edward Said and Hourani - this book is both timely and crucial for all those interested in Islamic and Middle Eastern studies, Western and Islamic philosophies of history, modernity, and the relationship between Islam and the West.

The Theological Origins of Modernity

Modernity. THE THEOLOGICAL CRISIS OF LATE MEDIEVAL THOUGHT While
the modern world became conscious of itself in the sixteenth and seventeenth
centuries, it would be as much a mistake to believe that modernity began at that
time ...

The Theological Origins of Modernity

Author: Michael Allen Gillespie

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226293513

Page: 368

View: 230

Exposing the religious roots of our ostensibly godless age, Michael Allen Gillespie reveals in this landmark study that modernity is much less secular than conventional wisdom suggests. Taking as his starting point the collapse of the medieval world, Gillespie argues that from the very beginning moderns sought not to eliminate religion but to support a new view of religion and its place in human life. He goes on to explore the ideas of such figures as William of Ockham, Petrarch, Erasmus, Luther, Descartes, and Hobbes, showing that modernity is best understood as a series of attempts to formulate a new and coherent metaphysics or theology. “Bringing the history of political thought up to date and situating it against the backdrop of contemporary events, Gillespie’s analyses provide us a way to begin to have conversations with the Islamic world about what is perhaps the central question within each of the three monotheistic religions: if God is omnipotent, then what is the place of human freedom?”—Joshua Mitchell, Georgetown University

Romancing Fascism

Modernity as a concept is doubled: on the one hand, it is monologically rational (
or rationalising), evolutionary and attached to some notion of progress; on the
other hand, it is in conflict with history, bound to 'recapitulate the break brought ...

Romancing Fascism

Author: Kathleen Kerr-Koch

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1441111808

Page: 240

View: 175

Romancing Fascism argues that intellectual responsibility can only be safeguarded if criticism is mobilised both as a poetic and as a critically enlightened endeavour. In this analysis of allegory as a function of modernity, what is made clear is the difficulty, if not impossibility, of definitively determining the genealogical antecedents of intellectual trends, particularly those considered pernicious to clear thinking. Thus Kerr-Koch takes a wide-ranging approach to the analysis of allegory as it is treated by three controversial writers whose works flank the 19th and 20th centuries, the middle and late periods of what we call modernity-Walter Benjamin, Paul de Man and Percy Bysshe Shelley. These three writers have been chosen because they have been at some point recuperated for a theory of 'postmodernism', a term that for some theorists represents liberal free play, and for others represents a lack of rigour and a pernicious corruption of thought.

Enlightenment Contested

This is a managerial survey and reinterpretation of the Enlightenment.

Enlightenment Contested

Author: Jonathan I. Israel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199279227

Page: 983

View: 594

This is a managerial survey and reinterpretation of the Enlightenment. The text offers an assessment of the nature and development of the important currents in philosophical thinking arguing that supposed national enlightenments are of less significance than the rift between conservative and radical thought.

Force Fields

Between Intellectual History and Cultural Critique Martin Jay. 11 Modernism and
the Retreat from Form The history of aesthetic modernism has often been written
as the triumph of form over content, the apotheosis of self-referentiality over the ...

Force Fields

Author: Martin Jay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136643176

Page: 246

View: 155

First Published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Enlightenment Passion Modernity

Introduction What follows is a set of reflections on what might simply be called the
“ strangeness ” of statements about the intellectual nature of writing and studying
history in the French Enlightenment . This way of looking at Enlightenment ...

Enlightenment  Passion  Modernity

Author: Mark S. Micale

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804731164

Page: 507

View: 767

Enriched by the methods and insights of social history, the history of mentalites, linguistics, anthropology, literary theory, and art history, intellectual and cultural history are experiencing a renewed vitality. The far-ranging essays in this volume, by an internationally distinguished group of scholars, represent a generous sampling of these new studies."

The Intellectual Origins of Mass Parties and Mass Schools in the Jacksonian Period

To be sure, the Whigs enthusiastically embraced selective aspects of modernity
and consequently celebrated certain ideals from both rights and utility liberalism.
In so doing, the Whigs constructed a unique political vision that combined old ...

The Intellectual Origins of Mass Parties and Mass Schools in the Jacksonian Period

Author: Julie M. Walsh

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780815333029

Page: 288

View: 963

While many have highlighted partisan differences over ideology and educational policies in the Jacksonian period, this study alternatively reveals an underlying philosophical consensus about citizenship training, or education, among opposing leaders of the political parties. Ironically, this consensus existed in tension with the stated ideals of each of the political parties, namely the Democrats, Whigs, and Workingmen. The Democrats and Workingmen were known for their rhetorical commitment to the values of equality and individualism, while the Whigs embraced conservative values, such as social harmony, as well as modern ones, such as individualism. The educational consensus, in its tendency to cultivate a passive citizenry, challenged many of these values, but accommodated socioeconomic conditions and the imperatives of a politics of mass parties. Passive citizens would be content to vote loyally for their party and to demand little to no input in the formation of its platform, habits that were crucial tothe burgeoning party system at this time. In exposing such a substantive consensus in an area with profound effects for politics, this study questions the significance of rhetorical differences among the parties at this time and indeed challenges methodologies that rely solely on rhetorical analysis to understand partisan visions.

Islam and Modernity

In this book the author writes a general work on the medieval Islamic educational system, with its major features and deficiencies, and on the modernization efforts undertaken during the past century or so.

Islam and Modernity

Author: Fazlur Rahman

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226702841

Page: 172

View: 608

"As Professor Fazlur Rahman shows in the latest of a series of important contributions to Islamic intellectual history, the characteristic problems of the Muslim modernists—the adaptation to the needs of the contemporary situation of a holy book which draws its specific examples from the conditions of the seventh century and earlier—are by no means new. . . . In Professor Rahman's view the intellectual and therefore the social development of Islam has been impeded and distorted by two interrelated errors. The first was committed by those who, in reading the Koran, failed to recognize the differences between general principles and specific responses to 'concrete and particular historical situations.' . . . This very rigidity gave rise to the second major error, that of the secularists. By teaching and interpreting the Koran in such a way as to admit of no change or development, the dogmatists had created a situation in which Muslim societies, faced with the imperative need to educate their people for life in the modern world, were forced to make a painful and self-defeating choice—either to abandon Koranic Islam, or to turn their backs on the modern world."—Bernard Lewis, New York Review of Books "In this work, Professor Fazlur Rahman presents a positively ambitious blueprint for the transformation of the intellectual tradition of Islam: theology, ethics, philosophy and jurisprudence. Over the voices advocating a return to Islam or the reestablishment of the Sharia, the guide for action, he astutely and soberly asks: What and which Islam? More importantly, how does one get to 'normative' Islam? The author counsels, and passionately demonstrates, that for Islam to be actually what Muslims claim it to be—comprehensive in scope and efficacious for every age and place—Muslim scholars and educationists must reevaluate their methodology and hermeneutics. In spelling out the necessary and sound methodology, he is at once courageous, serious and profound."—Wadi Z. Haddad, American-Arab Affairs