Oceans and Climate Change

"Planet Earth is warming, causing climates to change. In [this book], learn how climate change is causing higher water temperatures, chemical changes to the oceans, and sea level rise." -- Back cover.

Oceans and Climate Change

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780716627784

Page: 45

View: 239

"Planet Earth is warming, causing climates to change. In [this book], learn how climate change is causing higher water temperatures, chemical changes to the oceans, and sea level rise." -- Back cover.

The Oceans and Climate

The Oceans and Climate Second Edition The oceans are an integral and
important part of the climate system . The Oceans and Climate introduces the
multi - disciplinary controls on air - sea interaction - physical , chemical and
biological ...

The Oceans and Climate

Author: Grant R Bigg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521016346

Page: 273

View: 685

New edition of successful textbook that introduces the multi-disciplinary controls on air-sea interaction.

Climate and the Oceans

The book moves smoothly from fundamental principles to topics of current research interest, including natural climate variability, such as El Ni o, and the daunting challenge of man-made climate change, or global warming.

Climate and the Oceans

Author: Geoffrey K. Vallis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691150281

Page: 231

View: 765

Explores climate and oceans, providing a look at the basics of climate, a descriptive overview of the oceans, a brief introduction to dynamics, and coverage of other related topics.

The Ocean Carbon Cycle and Climate

Typical gases such as oxygen tend to be distributed mostly in the atmosphere (
99.4%) and less so in the ocean (0.6%). Carbon dioxide is vastly different from
such ... The Ocean Carbon Cycle and Climate, 251—295. © 2004 Kluwer
Academic ...

The Ocean Carbon Cycle and Climate

Author: Mick Follows

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402020872

Page: 395

View: 684

Our desire to understand the global carbon cycle and its link to the climate system represents a huge challenge. These overarching questions have driven a great deal of scientific endeavour in recent years: What are the basic oceanic mechanisms which control the oceanic carbon reservoirs and the partitioning of carbon between ocean and atmosphere? How do these mechanisms depend on the state of the climate system and how does the carbon cycle feed back on climate? What is the current rate at which fossil fuel carbon dioxide is absorbed by the oceans and how might this change in the future? To begin to answer these questions we must first understand the distribution of carbon in the ocean, its partitioning between different ocean reservoirs (the "solubility" and "biological" pumps of carbon), the mechanisms controlling these reservoirs, and the relationship of the significant physical and biological processes to the physical environment. The recent surveys from the JGOFS and WOCE (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study and World Ocean Circulation Ex periment) programs have given us a first truly global survey of the physical and biogeochemical properties of the ocean. These new, high quality data provide the opportunity to better quantify the present oceans reservoirs of carbon and the changes due to fossil fuel burning. In addition, diverse process studies and time-series observations have clearly revealed the complexity of interactions between nutrient cycles, ecosystems, the carbon-cycle and the physical envi ronment.

Atmosphere Ocean and Climate Dynamics

We believe that the text will also be of use to beginning graduate students in the
field of atmospheric, oceanic, and climate science. By the end of the book we
hope that readers will have a good grasp of what the atmosphere and ocean look
 ...

Atmosphere  Ocean and Climate Dynamics

Author: John Marshall

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080556703

Page: 344

View: 259

For advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in atmospheric, oceanic, and climate science, Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics is an introductory textbook on the circulations of the atmosphere and ocean and their interaction, with an emphasis on global scales. It will give students a good grasp of what the atmosphere and oceans look like on the large-scale and why they look that way. The role of the oceans in climate and paleoclimate is also discussed. The combination of observations, theory and accompanying illustrative laboratory experiments sets this text apart by making it accessible to students with no prior training in meteorology or oceanography. * Written at a mathematical level that is appealing for undergraduates and beginning graduate students * Provides a useful educational tool through a combination of observations and laboratory demonstrations which can be viewed over the web * Contains instructions on how to reproduce the simple but informative laboratory experiments * Includes copious problems (with sample answers) to help students learn the material.

Research Handbook on Climate Change Oceans and Coasts

There is already diffuse literature on both oceans law and climate law.10
However, there remains a paucity of systematic analyses of the intersections
between these two bodies of law and the legal issues arising from intersections
between ...

Research Handbook on Climate Change  Oceans and Coasts

Author: Jan McDonald

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1788112237

Page: 544

View: 106

This topical Research Handbook examines the legal intersections of climate change, oceans and coasts across multiple scales and sectors, covering different geographies and regions. With expert contributions from Europe, Australasia, the Pacific, North America and Asia, it includes insightful chapters on issues ranging across the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal environments. It assesses institutional responses to climate change in ocean and marine governance regimes, adaptation to climate impacts on ocean and coastal systems and communities, and climate change mitigation in marine and coastal environments. Through a plurality of voices, disciplinary and geographical perspectives, this Research Handbook explores cross-cutting themes of institutional complexity, fragmentation, scale and design trade-offs.

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Recognition, by scientists and nonscientists alike, of the oceans' important role in
our climate has grown enormously in the past 25 years. In part, this growth was
driven by the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), the planning for ...

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123918537

Page: 904

View: 687

The book represents all the knowledge we currently have on ocean circulation. It presents an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system. The book is structured to guide the reader through the wide range of world ocean circulation experiment (WOCE) science in a consistent way. Cross-references between contributors have been added, and the book has a comprehensive index and unified reference list. The book is simple to read, at the undergraduate level. It was written by the best scientists in the world who have collaborated to carry out years of experiments to better understand ocean circulation. Presents in situ and remote observations with worldwide coverage Provides theoretical understanding of processes within the ocean and at its boundaries to other Earth System components Allows for simulating ocean and climate processes in the past, present and future using a hierarchy of physical-biogeochemical models

Climate Change and the Oceans

As well as this introductory chapter, the book contains nine chapters examining
the issues surrounding climate change and the oceans from several key
perspectives. Chapters 2–4 explore the physical effects of climate change on the
marine ...

Climate Change and the Oceans

Author: Robin Warner

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781006164

Page: 274

View: 133

Climate Change and the Oceans investigates the effects of climate change on the ocean environment and its implications for maritime activities, both globally and within the Asia Pacific region. This detailed work draws together informed opinion from a range of disciplines to examine the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal areas and review legal and policy responses to the rapidly changing ocean environment. Issues including the effects on fisheries and marine biodiversity in the Asia Pacific region, maritime security, global shipping, marine jurisdiction and marine geo-engineering are also explored. Examining the multiple impacts of climate change on the oceans and ocean based solutions to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change, this thought-provoking book will prove invaluable to academics, researchers and students in the fields of law, environment, ecology and political science. Oceans and marine environmental policymakers will also find this to be an essential resource.

Oceans and Climate Change

"Planet Earth is warming, causing climates to change. In [this book], learn how climate change is causing higher water temperatures, chemical changes to the oceans, and sea level rise." -- Back cover.

Oceans and Climate Change

Author: David Dreier

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780716627708

Page: 45

View: 748

"Planet Earth is warming, causing climates to change. In [this book], learn how climate change is causing higher water temperatures, chemical changes to the oceans, and sea level rise." -- Back cover.

Dimethylsulphide Oceans Atmosphere and Climate 1992

The flux of dimethylsulfide from the oceans to the atmosphere; J. Geophys. Res.,
87, 8787 - 8793 (3) BINGEMER, H. (1984). Dimethylsulfid in Ozean und mariner
Atmosphare - Experimentelle Untersuchung einer naturlichen Schwefelquelle fur
 ...

Dimethylsulphide  Oceans  Atmosphere and Climate  1992

Author: Commission of the European Communities

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792324904

Page: 399

View: 119

Dimethylsulphide (DMS), emitted by marine phytoplankton, is the second most important source of atmospheric sulphur, after anthropogenic SO2. In the atmosphere, DMS is transformed into condensable acidic sulphur products and, through gas-to-particle conversion, it becomes the most important natural source of atmospheric sulphate aerosols. Possible climatic effects have been suggested, linked to the negative radiative forcing due to scattering of solar radiation and especially to modification of cloud albedo over oceans by sulphate aerosol particles. These effects occur in addition to those deriving from the superimposed anthropogenic component of the atmospheric sulphate. Understanding the cycle of DMS in the marine troposphere and its interaction with the aerosol budget and cloud properties has become a key research target in these last years. Our knowledge of the many processes involved is still fragmentary, however. This book, which updates the state of our comprehension of the marine DMS cycle with special regard to its climatic impact, will be of interest to marine biologists, atmospheric chemists, aerosol physicists and climatologists, and to scientists concerned with changes in the Earth's climate.

Ocean Circulation and Climate

As a result of these unique aspects , many characteristics of the present - day
ocean circulation and climate reflect the influence of the Southern Ocean . The
major currents of the southern hemisphere oceans are shown in Fig . 4.6.1 . The
ACC ...

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Author: Gerold Siedler

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780126413519

Page: 715

View: 604

This book presents the views of leading scientists on the knowledge of the global ocean circulation following the completion of the observational phase of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment. WOCE's in situ physical and chemical measurements together with satellite altimetry have produced a data set which provides for development of ocean and coupled ocean-atmosphere circulation models used for understanding ocean and climate variability and projecting climate change. This book guides the reader through the analysis, interpretation, modelling and synthesis of this data.

Ocean Atmosphere Interaction and Climate Modeling

Preface In 1963 when the principal concepts of the study of ocean—atmosphere
interaction had only been outlined, a group of leading American geophysicists (
see Benton et al., 1963) stated: 'We are beginning to realize dimly, although our ...

Ocean Atmosphere Interaction and Climate Modeling

Author: Boris A. Kagan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521025935

Page: 392

View: 381

A comprehensive 1995 treatment of all aspects of ocean-atmosphere interactions, for advanced students and professional researchers.

Ice Drift Ocean Circulation and Climate Change

What are the multiple connections and feedback loops between drifting ice,
ocean circulation and the climate system? The process of ice rafting is intimately
connected to temperature changes on global and regional scales. Cooling in the
high ...

Ice Drift  Ocean Circulation and Climate Change

Author: Jens Bischof

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852336486

Page: 215

View: 314

The issue of global warming and climate change is of continuous concern. Since the 1970s, it bas been shown that the pack-ice around the Arctic Ocean is thinning, the margin of permafrost is moving north and the vegetation in the high northern parts of the world is changing (the 'greening' of the Arctic). But are these changes the result of human activity or simply regular variations of the Earth's climate system? Over thousands of years, a continuous archive of iceberg and sea ice drift bas formed in the deep-sea sediments, revealing the place of the ice's origin and allowing a reconstruction of the surface currents and the climate of the past. However, the drift of floating ice from one place to another is not just a passive record of past ocean circulation. It actively influences and changes the surface ocean circulation, thus having a profound effect on climate change. Ice Drift, Ocean Circulation and Climate Change is the first book to focus on the interactions between ice, the ocean and the atmosphere and to describe how these three components of the climate system influence each other. It makes clear the positive contribution of paleoclimatology and paleoceanography and should be read by anyone concerned with global warming and climate change.

Climate Ocean Interaction

The Ocean as a Component of the Climate System S. J. FOREMAN
Meteorological Office London Road Bracknell Berkshire RG12 2S2 United
Kingdom ABSTRACT. Interactions between the ocean and atmosphere are
discussed in terms of ...

Climate Ocean Interaction

Author: M.E. Schlesinger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400920938

Page: 386

View: 744

Preface This book is the culmination of a workshop jointly organized by NATO and CEC on Climate-Ocean Interaction which was held at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford University during 26-30 September 1988. The objective of the ARW was to assess the current status of research on climate-ocean interaction, with a major focus on the development of coupled atmosphere-ocean-ice models and their application in the study of past, present and possible future climates. This book contains 16 chapters divided into four parts: Introduction; Observations of the Climate of the Ocean; Modelling the Atmospheric, Oceanic and Sea Ice Components of the Climatic System; and Simulating the Variability of Climate on Short, Medium and Long Time Scales. A fifth part contains the reports of the five Working Groups on: Climate Observations, Modelling, ENSO Modelling and Prediction, Climate-Ocean Interaction on TIme Scales of Decades to Centuries, and Impact of Paleoclimatic Proxy Data on Climate Modelling. Preface ix Acknowledgements I thank Howard Cattle and Neil Wells for their guidance and assistance as members of the Workshop Organizing Committee. I particularly thank Michael Davey for all his efforts as Local Organizer to make the ARW a success. I also thank the staff of Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford University, for their help with the arrangements for the ARW.

The Oceans and Climate

FOREWORD This document examines the current state of knowledge of the
ocean's role in climate as well as our present capability to monitor , predict and
detect changes . It was prepared as background for a scientific and technical
meeting ...

The Oceans and Climate

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 40

View: 129

Fundamentals and Climate Now

The workings of the ocean have been too little considered in most texts on
climatology. Though the thermal state of the ocean surface is the result of winds
and weather controlling the water flow and radiation budget over some time
previously, ...

Fundamentals and Climate Now

Author: H. H. Lamb

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780416115307

Page: 613

View: 189

A comprehensive study of climate; its fundamentals, its history, the recent effects of urban growth and the problems of forecasting.

Wildlife and Oceans in a Changing Climate

Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, and Oceans, United States. xplanatio
induces pollutionbeginning oring fisheries in Bed the possi Committee
vastanding the histICES , during ly achieved Influence of weather and climate on
fisheries ...

Wildlife and Oceans in a Changing Climate

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Natural Resources. Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, and Oceans

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 172

View: 111

Ocean Circulation and Climate

The oceans play a crucial role in the Earth’s climate system due largely to their ability to store and transport heat.

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Author: Stefan Rahmstorf

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 012805851X

Page: 904

View: 542

The oceans play a crucial role in the Earth’s climate system due largely to their ability to store and transport heat. The instrumental record, spanning an order of magnitude of 100 years, is short compared with some of the important timescales of climate variability. To understand the oceans’ role in these long-term changes, proxy data from sediments, ice cores, and corals must be used. Using these proxy data, we examine the evidence for past ocean circulation and sea-level changes before instrumental oceanographic measurements began. We discuss what paleoclimatic data can tell us about past ocean states and what can be learned from ocean and climate models. Particular foci of the chapter are the ocean circulation and sea-level changes during the Quaternary and the Cretaceous, two particularly interesting periods in Earth’s history. The Quaternary covers the past 2.5 million years and is characterized by periodic glaciations, while the Cretaceous, reaching back around 100 million years, had a warm greenhouse climate with a weak temperature gradient between the tropics and the poles.

Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law

Introduction. this book covers two vast and growing areas of the law—climate
change law and ocean and coastal law—in one volume. This introduction seeks
to facilitate the reader's understanding of the book's coverage and organization.

Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law

Author: Randall S. Abate

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199368740

Page: 699

View: 449

Ocean and coastal law has grown rapidly in the past three decades as a specialty area within natural resources law and environmental law. This book unites the two worlds of climate change regulation and ocean and coastal management. It raises important questions about whether and how ocean and coastal law will respond to the regulatory challenges that climate change presents to resources in the oceans and coasts of the United States and the world.

Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change

... and testing of a range of assimilation methods in the numerical weather
prediction (NWP) model. Unfortunately, conventional measurements used to
initialize forecast models are unavailable over vast areas of the tropical oceans.

Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change

Author: Yassine Charabi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048131099

Page: 373

View: 659

Tropical cyclones are topic that is not appropriately known to the public at large, but climate change has been on the public’s mind since the last decade and a concern that has peaked in the new millennium. Like the television programs of Jean Yves Cousteau the ‘plight of the oceans’, have recent documentaries nurtured a conscio- ness that major climatological changes are in the offing, even have started to develop. The retreat of glaciers on mountain tops and in Polar Regions is ‘being seen’ on ‘the small screen’ and has favored an environmental awareness in all populations that are enjoying an average well-being on Planet Earth. The vivid images on screen of storms, floods, and tsunamis share the fear provoking landscapes of deforestation, desertification and the like. Watching such as this one is seen are voices warning of what over is ‘in store’ if the causative problems are not remedied. Talking and d- cussing are useful, but action must follow. Understanding the full ramifications of climate change on tropical cyclones is a task that will takes several decades. In Climate Change 2007, the Fourth Assessment Report of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) a high probability of major changes in tropical cyclone activity across the various ocean basins is highlighted.