The Origins of Israel, 1882–1948: A Documentary History chronicles the making of modern Israel before statehood, providing in English the texts of original sources (many translated from Hebrew and other languages) accompanied by extensive ...
Author: Eran Kaplan
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres
In 1880 the Jewish community in Palestine encompassed some 20,000 Orthodox Jews; within sixty-five years it was transformed into a secular proto-state with well-developed political, military, and economic institutions, a vigorous Hebrew-language culture, and some 600,000 inhabitants. The Origins of Israel, 1882–1948: A Documentary History chronicles the making of modern Israel before statehood, providing in English the texts of original sources (many translated from Hebrew and other languages) accompanied by extensive introductions and commentaries from the volume editors. This sourcebook assembles a diverse array of 62 documents, many of them unabridged, to convey the ferment, dissent, energy, and anxiety that permeated the Zionist project from its inception to the creation of the modern nation of Israel. Focusing primarily on social, economic, and cultural history rather than Zionist thought and diplomacy, the texts are organized in themed chapters. They present the views of Zionists from many political and religious camps, factory workers, farm women, militants, intellectuals promoting the Hebrew language and arts—as well as views of ultra-Orthodox anti-Zionists. The volume includes important unabridged documents from the origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict that are often cited but are rarely read in full. The editors, Eran Kaplan and Derek J. Penslar, provide both primary texts and informative notes and commentary, giving readers the opportunity to encounter voices from history and make judgments for themselves about matters of world-historical significance. Best Special Interest Books, selected by the Public Library Reviewers Best Books for General Audiences, selected by the American Association of School Librarians
The document is taken from Eran Kaplan and Derek Penslar, The Origins of
Israel, 1882–1948, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 2011, p. 258. Ibid., p.
258. Anita Shapira, Israel: A History, Waltham, Brandeis University Press, 2014, p
Author: Jean-Loup Samaan
For over 60 years, Israel’s foreign policy establishment has looked at its regional policy through the lens of a geopolitical concept named "the periphery doctrine." The idea posited that due to the fundamental hostility of neighboring Arab countries, Israel ought to counterbalance this threat by engaging with the "periphery" of the Arab world through clandestine diplomacy. Based on original research in the Israeli diplomatic archives and interviews with key past and present decision-makers, this book shows that this concept of a periphery was, and remains, a core driver of Israel’s foreign policy. The periphery was borne out of the debates among Zionist circles concerning the geopolitics of the nascent Israeli State. The evidence from Israel’s contemporary policies shows that these principles survived the historical relationships with some countries (Iran, Turkey, Ethiopia) and were emulated in other cases: Azerbaijan, Greece, South Sudan, and even to a certain extent in the attempted exchanges by Israel with Gulf Arab kingdoms. The book enables readers to understand Israel’s pessimistic – or realist, in the traditional sense – philosophy when it comes to the conduct of foreign policy. The history of the periphery doctrine sheds light on fundamental issues, such as Israel’s role in the regional security system, its overreliance on military and intelligence cooperation as tools of diplomacy, and finally its enduring perception of inextricable isolation. Through a detailed appraisal of Israel’s periphery doctrine from its birth in the fifties until its contemporary renaissance, this book offers a new perspective on Israel’s foreign policy, and will appeal to students and scholars of Middle East Politics and History, and International Relations.
... The Origins of Israel, 1882–1948: A Documentary History (Madison, WI:
University of Wisconsin Press, 2011), 345; and Dan Miron, Facing the Silent
Brother: Essays on the Poetry of the War of Independence (Jerusalem: Keter,
1992), 63–87 ...
Author: Assaf Shelleg
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Jewish Contiguities and the Soundtrack of Israeli History revolutionizes the study of modern Israeli art music by tracking the surprising itineraries of Jewish art music in the move from Europe to Mandatory Palestine and Israel. Leaving behind clichés about East and West, Arab and Jew, this book provocatively exposes the legacies of European antisemitism and religious Judaism in the making of Israeli art music. Shelleg introduces the reader to various aesthetic dilemmas involved in the emergence of modern Jewish art music, ranging from auto-exoticism through the hues of self-hatred to the disarticulation of Jewish musical markers. He then considers part of this musics' translocation to Mandatory Palestine, studying its discourse with Hebrew culture, and composers' grappling with modern and Zionist images of the self. Unlike previous efforts in the field, Shelleg unearths the mechanism of what he calls "Zionist musical onomatopoeias," but more importantly their dilution by the non-western Arab Jewish oral musical traditions (the same traditions Hebrew culture sought to westernize and secularize). And what had begun with composers' movement towards the musical properties of non-western Jewish musical traditions grew in the 60s and 70s to a dialectical return to exilic Jewish cultures. In the aftermath of the Six-Day War, which reaffirmed Zionism's redemptive and expansionist messages, Israeli composers (re)embraced precisely the exilic Jewish music that emphasized Judaism's syncretic qualities rather than its territorial characteristics. In the 70s, therefore, while religious Zionist circles translated theology into politics and territorial maximalism, Israeli composers deterritorialized the national discourse by a growing return to the spaces shared by Jews and non-Jews, devoid of Zionist appropriations.
A History of the Jewish People (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976),982.
92. Kathryn Blaze Carlson, “'None ... of Zionist Policy (1941)” in The Origins of
Israel 1882–1948: A Documentary History, ed. Eran Kaplan and Derek J. Penslar
Author: Jeremy Havardi
In recent decades, Israel has come under sustained diplomatic pressure from the West. According to the press and the policy establishment, she acts aggressively and with disregard for civilian lives in pursuit of an unnecessary and illegal occupation of Palestinian territory. Others view the country as an embarrassing outpost of colonialism, racism and apartheid whose actions--and those of the "pro-Israel lobby"--have provoked a fiery Islamist backlash. This book refutes these misrepresentations, showing that Israel's actions are well within the norms of international law and morality, and arguing that the country--far from being a deviant state--is a bastion of Western values. The author offers a nuanced narrative, outlining the legal, moral and historical justice behind Jewish statehood and discussing the reasons behind the failed peace process in recent years.
Tel Aviv: Am Oved, 1985 (Hebrew), translated into English as Zionism and the
Arabs, 1882-1948: A Study of Ideology. Oxford: Clarendon. Gramsci, Antonio
1971. Selections from the Prison Notebooks. NY: International Publishers.
Author: Gershon Shafir
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Gershon Shafir challenges the heroic myths about the foundation of the State of Israel by investigating the struggle to control land and labor during the early Zionist enterprise. He argues that it was not the imported Zionist ideas that were responsible for the character of the Israeli state, but the particular conditions of the local conflict between the European "settlers" and the Palestinian Arab population.
The Origins of Violence: Religion, History and Genocide. London: Pluto Press. ...
In The Archaeology of Israel, edited by Neil Asher Silberman and David Small, 35
–34. Journal for the ... Zionism and the Arabs, 1882–1948. Oxford: Clarendon.
Author: Nur Masalha
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
This collection of essays concerns the development of contextualized theologies of liberation in Palestine and the indigenous Palestinian people's struggle for justice and liberation. The work is innovative because of its inclusion of indigenous perspectives within its remit and the introduction of new concepts such as civil liberation theology. The collection offers other ways to look at biblical discourses and their impact on the ongoing conflict, ways to live peace, ways to be ethical when visiting these conflicted lands, understandings of resource ethics, and even a new way to understand how we approach our understanding of liberation theology. Contributors include well-known scholars from Muslim, Jewish, Christian, Palestinian-Israeli, Indian, American, and British contexts. This work goes beyond standard academic collections. It is aimed not only at scholars and students but also at peace activists and policymakers. It should be of use not only in academic courses but also for practitioners of conflict resolution, peace and reconciliation.
This argument is persuasively made by Liebman and Don-Yehiya, Civil Religion
in Israel. 15. Itamar Even-Zohar, "The Emergence of a Native Hebrew Culture in
Palestine: 1882–1948," Studies in Zionism 4 (October 1981): 171. 16. Numbers ...
Author: Laurence J. Silberstein
Publisher: NYU Press
In this volume a distinguished group of international scholars draws from history, folklore, political anthropology, historiography, and cultural criticism to reexamine critical issues surrounding the birth of Israel. The authors explore such issues as the transition form yishuv to state, early state policy toward the Arab minority, the origins of the Palestinian refugee problem, the conflict over myths and symbols in the early state, early attitude toward Holocaust victims and survivors, Arab historiography of the 1948 war, Israel-Diaspora relations, and the shaping of Israeli foreign policy. The contributors to the book include: Myron J. Aronoff (Rutgers University), Uri Bialer (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Neil Caplan (Vanier College, Montreal), Benny Morris(Hebrew Univeristy of Jerusalem), Don Peretz (State University of New York, Binghamton), Dina Porat (Tel Aviv University), Jehuda Reinharz (Brandeis University), Elie Rekhess (Tel Aviv University), Avraham Sela(Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Anton Shammas(University of Michigan), Laurence J. Silberstein (Lehigh University), Kennethy STein (Emory University), Yael Zerubavel(University of Pennsylvania), and Ronald W. Zweig (Tel Aviv University).
... Zionism and the Arabs, 1882–1948: A Study of Ideology (Oxford, 1987); and
David J. Goldberg, To the Promised Land: A History of Zionist Thought from Its
Origins to the Modern State of Israel (London, 1996). 5. Theodor Herzl, OldNew
Author: Avi Shlaim
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
“Fascinating. . . . Shlaim presents compelling evidence for a revaluation of traditional Israeli history.”—New York Times Book Review For this newly expanded edition, Avi Shlaim has added four chapters and an epilogue that address the prime ministerships from Barak to Netanyahu in the “one book everyone should read for a concise history of Israel’s relations with Arabs” (Independent). What was promulgated as an “iron-wall” strategy—building a position of unassailable strength— was meant to yield to a further stage where Israel would be strong enough to negotiate a satisfactory peace with its neighbors. The goal still remains elusive, if not even further away. This penetrating study brilliantly illuminates past progress and future prospects for peace in the Middle East.
In 2001 she introduced the first course on " Jewish Women in Pre - State Israel ,
1882-1948 ” at Haifa University . Allon Gal is Professor of Modern Jewish History
at Ben - Gurion University of the Negev . His latest article “ Louis D. Brandeis and
Author: Shulamit Reinharz
The first and only complete exploration of the role of American women in the creation and support of the State of Israel from pre-State years through the struggles of Israel's first decades.
Deconstructing old stereotypes, Jews and the Military radically transforms our understanding of Jews' historic relationship to war and military power.
Author: Derek J. Penslar
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Jews and the Military is the first comprehensive and comparative look at Jews' involvement in the military and their attitudes toward war from the 1600s until the creation of the state of Israel in 1948. Derek Penslar shows that although Jews have often been described as people who shun the army, in fact they have frequently been willing, even eager, to do military service, and only a minuscule minority have been pacifists. Penslar demonstrates that Israel's military ethos did not emerge from a vacuum and that long before the state's establishment, Jews had a vested interest in military affairs. Spanning Europe, North America, and the Middle East, Penslar discusses the myths and realities of Jewish draft dodging, how Jews reacted to facing their coreligionists in battle, the careers of Jewish officers and their reception in the Jewish community, the effects of World War I on Jewish veterans, and Jewish participation in the Spanish Civil War and World War II. Penslar culminates with a study of Israel's War of Independence as a Jewish world war, which drew on the military expertise and financial support of a mobilized, global Jewish community. He considers how military service was a central issue in debates about Jewish emancipation and a primary indicator of the position of Jews in any given society. Deconstructing old stereotypes, Jews and the Military radically transforms our understanding of Jews' historic relationship to war and military power.
... Labor and the Origins of the Israeli – Palestinian Conflict 1882 – 1914 (
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 1989 ) ; Anita Shapira , Land and
Power : The Zionist Resort to Force , 1881 - 1948 ( Oxford : Oxford University
Press , 1992 ) ...
Author: Ghada Karmi
This text deals with an important often neglected subject: the Palestinian exodus and the creation of the refugee problem. It analyzes the connection between the refugee exodus and the creation of the Jewish state in Palestine and reviews the Palestinian exodus from 1948 through 1967.
134 The central annual theme for the 1981 / 82 school year was “ A Hundred
Years since the Genesis of the New Settlement of Eretz Israel ( 1882 – 1982 ) . ”
According to a ministerial directive , it aimed at “ presenting the epic settlement of
Author: Elie Podeh
Israeli history textbooks in the past contained many biases, distortions, and omissions concerning the depiction of Arabs and the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict. Today these misrepresentations are gradually being corrected. By reviewing curricula and textbooks used in the Israeli educational system since the establishment of Isreal, the author shows how the Israeli educational system, and particularly history textbooks, have presented the image of the Arab and the history of Arab-Israeli relations in the years from 1948 to 2000, and how the trend is to provide a more balanced portrait of the other side. encourages the depiction of a balanced portrait in all textbooks.
Masalha, Expulsion of the Palestinians: The Concept of “Transfer” in Zionist
Political Thought, 1882–1948, quoted in Alam, Israeli Exceptionalism, 77. 42.
See http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/Dec_of_Indep.html. 43.
Author: Donald E. Wagner
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
A critical examination of political Zionism, a topic often considered taboo in the West, is long overdue. Moreover, the discussion of Christian Zionism is usually confined to Evangelical and fundamentalist settings. The present volume will break the silence currently reigning in many religious, political, and academic circles and, in so doing, will provoke and inspire a new, challenging conversation on theological and ethical issues arising from various aspects of Zionism--a conversation that is vital to the quest for a just peace in Israel and Palestine. The eight authors offer a rich diversity of religious faith, academic research, and practical experience, as they represent all three Abrahamic faiths and five different Christian traditions. Among the many themes that run through Zionism and the Quest for Justice in the Holy Land is the contrast between exclusivist narratives, both biblical and political, and the more inclusive narratives of the prophetic Scriptures, which provide the theological foundation and the moral imperative for human liberation. Readers will be drawn into a compelling, readable, and stimulating series of essays that tackle many of the complex issues that still confound clergy, politicians, diplomats, and academic experts.
Explorations in Israeli and Palestinian Societies Baruch Kimmerling ... For a
history of perceptions of Jewish-Arab relations, see Yosef Gorny, Zionism and
The Arabs: 1882–1948—A Study of Ideology (Oxford: Clarendon, 1987). 55. The
Author: Baruch Kimmerling
Publisher: Columbia University Press
By revisiting the past hundred years of shared Palestinian and Jewish-Israeli history, Baruch Kimmerling reveals surprising relations of influence between a stateless indigenous society and the settler-immigrants who would later form the state of Israel. Shattering our assumptions about these two seemingly irreconcilable cultures, Kimmerling composes a sophisticated portrait of one side's behavior and characteristics and the way in which they irrevocably shaped those of the other. Kimmerling focuses on the clashes, tensions, and complementarities that link Jewish, Palestinian, and Israeli identities. He explores the phenomena of reciprocal relationships between Jewish and Arab communities in mandatory Palestine, relations between state and society in Israel, patterns of militarism, the problems of jurisdiction in an immigrant-settler society, and the ongoing struggle of Israel to achieve legitimacy as both a Jewish and a democratic state. By merging Israeli and Jewish studies with a vast body of scholarship on Palestinians and the Middle East, Kimmerling introduces a unique conceptual framework for analyzing the cultural, political, and material overlap of both societies. A must read for those concerned with Israel and the relations between Jews and Arabs, Clash of Identities is a provocative exploration of the ever-evolving, always-contending identities available to Israelis and Palestinians and the fascinating contexts in which they take form.
... 1989 ; idem , “ The Eel and History : A Reply to Shabtai Teveth , ” Tikkun 5 , 1 (
January - February 1990 ) ; idem , 1948 and After , 27 – 29 . ... 25 Pappé , Britain
and the Arab - Israeli Conflict ; Shlaim , Collusion across the Jordan ; idem , “
Britain and the Arab - Israeli War of 1948 ... Expulsion of the Palestinians : The
Concept of “ Transfer ” in Zionist Political Thought , 1882 – 1948 ( Washington ,
Author: Ilan Pappé
Includes new material not found in the 1st ed.
The Arab-Israeli Wars: War and Peace in the Middle East from the War of
Independence to Lebanon. ... "After the Catastrophe: The Arabs in Israel, 1948-
1951. ... Land, Labour and the Origins of the Israeli-Palestinian Confia, 1882-
Author: Elizabeth Warnock Fernea
Publisher: University of Texas Press
The determination of ordinary people to end regional and global conflicts is powerful despite the forces opposing them. The Struggle for Peace explores how average citizens on both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict worked for peace in the late twentieth century. Essays by noted scholars are juxtaposed with profiles of individual Israelis and Palestinians involved in peace activism. What emerges is a unique perspective on the prospects for peace in this troubled area. Coordinated with a documentary film of the same name, the book is designed as a tool for the study of conflict resolution generally and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in particular. The twelve original essays deal with the issues from different disciplinary perspectives: political science (Yehoshafat Harkabi, A. R. Norton, Muhammad Muslih, and Robert Vitalis); history (Avraham Zilkha and Joel Beinin); anthropology (Robert Rubinstein); sociology (Salim Tamari); film (Steven Talley); law (Edward Sherman); and international peacekeeping (Christian Harleman). The human side of the struggle is presented through brief biographies and portraits of twenty-five ordinary Israelis and Palestinians involved in peace activities in Israel and the West Bank.
He was succeeded by Moshe Chertock (renamed Sharett after 1948), who
became Israel's first foreign minister. ... between 1882 and the 1948 war, and
they still dominate historiographical narratives in Israel and the Palestinian
Author: Ilan Pappe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Examines Palestinian history and covers the Ottomans in the 1800s, the reign of Muhammad Ali, the coming of the early Zionists, the British mandate, the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, and the intifadas of 1987 and 2000.
44 A . 1882 – 1948 The conflict over Israel / Palestine finds its origins in the
development of policical Zionism in late nineceeach - century Europe . ” In
answer to centuries of persecution suffered by Jews " in Western and especially
Author: Victor Kattan
Publisher: British Inst of International & Comparative
The question of Palestine has been a pivotal one for international law ever since the foundation of the UN in 1945. It remains so today. On July 9, 2004, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) gave its advisory opinion on the Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in Occupied Palestinian Territory. It ruled on some major international law questions concerning the applicability of the Geneva Civilians Convention of 1949 to prolonged occupations, as well as human rights law more generally. It confirmed the illegality of the Israeli civilian settlements established on occupied Palestinian territory and affirmed the continuing relevancy of the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination, which it considered an obligation erga omnes. The ICJ did not, however, rule on many of the international law questions pertaining to Final Status Issues which still need to be negotiated between the Israeli and Palestinian leadership if peace is to ever be accomplished in the Holy Land. In this series of essays, some of the most important questions relating to the Israel-Palestine conflict are addressed and reproduced in one complete volume, coinciding with the 60th anniversary of the creation of Israel and the demise of the British mandate of Palestine.