The Reconstruction of Nations

Yet he begins with the principles of toleration that prevailed in much of early modern eastern Europe and concludes with the peaceful resolution of national tensions in the region since 1989.".

The Reconstruction of Nations

Author: Timothy Snyder

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300105865

Page: 367

View: 219

Yet he begins with the principles of toleration that prevailed in much of early modern eastern Europe and concludes with the peaceful resolution of national tensions in the region since 1989.".

A Companion to the Civil War and Reconstruction

Yet post-Civil War northerners saw Reconstruction not as a southern story alone,
but as the reconstruction of a nation from the South, North, and West after the
divisive war. Indeed, for contemporary northerners, 1877 was significant not as
the ...

A Companion to the Civil War and Reconstruction

Author: Lacy Ford

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444391623

Page: 528

View: 168

A Companion to the Civil War and Reconstruction addresses the key topics and themes of the Civil War era, with 23 original essays by top scholars in the field. An authoritative volume that surveys the history and historiography of the U.S. Civil War and Reconstruction Analyzes the major sources and the most influential books and articles in the field Includes discussions on scholarly advances in U.S. Civil War history.

Natures Past

VIII In Search of Natural Identity Alpine Landscape and the Reconstruction of the
Swiss Nation Oliver Zimmer Elias CANETTI , IN A ... What nations cannot do
without , however , and what has contributed most to turning different individuals
into ...

Natures Past

Author: Paolo Squatriti

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472069606

Page: 358

View: 930

At the beginning of the twenty-first century, environmental change is a pressing public issue across the globe. Natures Past seeks to lend some historical depth to current debates about man-made modifications of ecological processes and systems and also to explore the global dimensions of the dynamic relationships natural environments establish with people. The ten essays in Natures Past discuss the diverse approaches to environmental history, demonstrating that significant environmental change is not a modern invention and people have long been transforming their natural surroundings, often in unintended ways. Natures Past also shows that humans have not always had antagonistic relationships with nature but have also successfully found new, stable relationships with the natures they inhabit. The essays, comprised of contributions by anthropologists, foresters, historians, and literary scholars, discuss malaria-bearing mosquitoes, Maine lobster fishing, Bornean durian husbandry, and American lawn mowing, among other things, and suggest how ecology, culture, and market interact to change the fate, and the value, of nature in each context. "An elegant collection of essays on environmental history by its finest scholars, demonstrating global, chronological, and interdisciplinary range."--J. Donald Hughes, John Evans Distinguished Professor, Department of History, University of Denver "With topics ranging from the metabolism of medieval cities to recent management trends in the Maine lobster industry, Natures Past is a collection of ten essays that expertly illustrates the cosmopolitan character, the interdisciplinary approaches, and the widely varying subject matter that characterize the subdiscipline of environmental history."--William H. TeBrake, Department of History, University of Maine Paolo Squatriti is Associate Professor of History and Romance Languages and Literatures at the University of Michigan. His previous books are: Working with Water in Medieval Europe: Technology and Resource-Use and Water and Society in Early Medieval Italy AD 400-1000.

Some of the Best Weapons for Counterinsurgents Do Not Shoot

First, there is a need to maintain a base line of information that is relevant to
reconstruction for nations and regions where there is a contingency plan for a
COIN operation, or for any other contingency that might require a reconstruction
effort.

Some of the Best Weapons for Counterinsurgents Do Not Shoot

Author:

Publisher: Strategic Studies Institute

ISBN: 158487466X

Page: 139

View: 593

"If the U.S. Army's current experience in ongoing overseas operations like those in Iraq and Afghanistan are any indication, reconstruction has beome an integral part of the American way of war. And judging from the disappointing results of reconstruction efforts that such efforts have had on the course of these wars, there is much lacking in the Army's understanding of reconstruction itself and the role that it will likely play in all future operations, especially in counterinsurgencies (COIN)."--P. ix.

The Urgency of Now

of creating a nation-state that could possibly become an instrument of domination
and a dictatorial or repressive regime? ... re-building or re-establishment of the
institutions of civil society in 'failed states' or even the reconstruction of nations in
 ...

The Urgency of Now

Author: Angelicus-M. B. Onasanya

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1465324526

Page: 155

View: 208

The question of nation building has enjoyed currency in the discourse about the general development of countries around the world. Its global importance could be discerned in two different areas; nation-building as applied to efforts aimed at rebuilding a country after a war as in Bosnia, Iraq, Afghanistan, and so on; and nation-building with regard to efforts aimed at dealing with the sobering realities of failed or failing countries whose populations have been exploited, abused and mismanaged almost to the point of extinction. As can, and should be expected, Nigeria and Nigerians, at home and abroad, have not been exempt from these discourses especially in the past few years as the countrys nascent and fledging (?) democracy became embarrassingly threatened to the point of abortion within Nigeria and the international community of nations. In ones sober moments, the realisation that Nigeria is fast becoming another failed state procures rather scary thoughts.

Security Assistance U S and International Historical Perspectives Proceedings of the Combat Studies Institute 2006 Military History Symposium

Recruiting from the Private Sector to Accelerate Nation-Building: The Experience
of the Afghanistan Reconstruction Group By Thomas F. Berner Summary
Problems and delays in the Afghan reconstruction program began almost
immediately ...

Security Assistance  U S  and International Historical Perspectives  Proceedings of the Combat Studies Institute 2006 Military History Symposium

Author:

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 9780160873492

Page:

View: 955

Product Description: The proceedings from the Combat Studies Institute's 2006 Military History Symposium presents historical research, analysis and policy recommendations on the topic of Security Assistance and the training of indigenous forces.

For Kin or Country

The Role of Nationalism in the Reconstruction of Nations.” Nations and
Nationalism 1, no. 1: 3–23. Smith, Gordon. 2007. Canada in Afghanistan: Is It
Working? Calgary: Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute. Smith,
Graham. 1999.

For Kin or Country

Author: Stephen M. Saideman

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231514492

Page: 320

View: 414

The collapse of an empire can result in the division of families and the redrawing of geographical boundaries. New leaders promise the return of people and territories that may have been lost in the past, often advocating aggressive foreign policies that can result in costly and devastating wars. The final years of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires, the end of European colonization in Africa and Asia, and the demise of the Soviet Union were all accompanied by war and atrocity. These efforts to reunite lost kin are known as irredentism—territorial claims based on shared ethnic ties made by one state to a minority population residing within another state. For Kin or Country explores this phenomenon, investigating why the collapse of communism prompted more violence in some instances and less violence in others. Despite the tremendous political and economic difficulties facing all former communist states during their transition to a market democracy, only Armenia, Croatia, and Serbia tried to upset existing boundaries. Hungary, Romania, and Russia practiced much more restraint. The authors examine various explanations for the causes of irredentism and for the pursuit of less antagonistic policies, including the efforts by Western Europe to tame Eastern Europe. Ultimately, the authors find that internal forces drive irredentist policy even at the risk of a country's self-destruction and that xenophobia may have actually worked to stabilize many postcommunist states in Eastern Europe. Events in Russia and Eastern Europe in 2014 have again brought irredentism into the headlines. In a new Introduction, the authors address some of the events and dynamics that have developed since the original version of the book was published. By focusing on how nationalist identity interact with the interests of politicians, For Kin or Country explains why some states engage in aggressive irredentism and when others forgo those opportunities that is as relevant to Russia and Ukraine in 2014 as it was for Serbia, Croatia, and Armenia in the 1990s.

Muslim Trader Nomad Spy

Historians of Eastern Europe see the origins of the nation-state in the challenges
to the large empires that existed there: see Mazower, Balkans, and the
fascinating Snyder, The Reconstruction of Nations. For language—specifically
print—as ...

Muslim  Trader  Nomad  Spy

Author: Sulmaan Wasif Khan

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469621118

Page: 216

View: 132

In 1959, the Dalai Lama fled Lhasa, leaving the People's Republic of China with a crisis on its Tibetan frontier. Sulmaan Wasif Khan tells the story of the PRC's response to that crisis and, in doing so, brings to life an extraordinary cast of characters: Chinese diplomats appalled by sky burials, Guomindang spies working with Tibetans in Nepal, traders carrying salt across the Himalayas, and Tibetan Muslims rioting in Lhasa. What Chinese policymakers confronted in Tibet, Khan argues, was not a "third world" but a "fourth world" problem: Beijing was dealing with peoples whose ways were defined by statelessness. As it sought to tighten control over the restive borderlands, Mao's China moved from a lighter hand to a harder, heavier imperial structure. That change triggered long-lasting shifts in Chinese foreign policy. Moving from capital cities to far-flung mountain villages, from top diplomats to nomads crossing disputed boundaries in search of pasture, this book shows Cold War China as it has never been seen before and reveals the deep influence of the Tibetan crisis on the political fabric of present-day China.

Human Rights Transitional Justice and the Reconstruction of Political Order in Latin America

made a clear statement regarding the identity of the government, an identity that
kirchner transposed onto the nation as a whole. Addressing the General
Assembly of the United Nations for the first time a few months after his
inauguration, ...

Human Rights  Transitional Justice  and the Reconstruction of Political Order in Latin America

Author: Michelle Frances Carmody

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319783939

Page: 244

View: 662

In Argentina and elsewhere in Latin America, decades after the fall of authoritarian regimes in the 1970s, transitional justice has proven to be anything but transitional—it has become a cornerstone of state policy and a powerful tool of state formation. Contextualizing cultural and political shifts in Argentina after the 1976 military coup with comparisons to other countries in the Southern Cone, Michelle Frances Carmody argues that incorporating human rights practices into official policy became a way for state actors to both build the authority of the state and manage social conflict, a key aim of post-Cold War democracies. By examining the relationship between transitional justice and the Latin American political order, this book illuminates overlooked dimensions of state formation in the age of human rights.

Conflict Resolution and Nation Building in Somalia

This chapter will provide an analytical overview of the dynamics of post-war
reconstruction, policy options, practices and the role of the various players in the
process and programming of reconstruction work in nations emerging from civil
wars ...

Conflict Resolution and Nation Building in Somalia

Author: Mohamed Ali Abdi

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1469166070

Page: 144

View: 696

A B S T R A C T ABDI, MOHAMED A: BA WHITTIER COLLEGE, 1966 MPA SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY, 1969 MPH FLORIDA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY, 1996 CONFLICT RESOLUTION AND NATION-BUILDING IN SOMALIA Publication Scheduled for January 2012 The research concentrated on the current as well as the past quagmire of the Somali conflict. Political, social and economic triggers have been identified to resolve or reduce violent conflict and disorder. The research used primary as well as secondary sources to study the issues and explore the problems inherent in an environment of scarce resources. Confrontations between the state and society were brought to a higher level of violence since the late 1970s following the Somali-Ethiopian war. The author explored avenues for reconciliation and nation-building and introduced several models as possible strategies for nation-building. Conclusively, a home-grown, traditional mechanisms model was recommended which entails the following policy prescriptions to achieve long-lasting peace and security for Somalia: 1. Governance structures of law and order. 2. Resources: De-escalating conflicts by opening up negotiating opportunities of land and property. 3. Complete demilitarization of society. 4. International cooperation. A plan by the international community to reconstruct and rehabilitate Somalia is essential if we have to avoid a relapse into a chaotic, violent situation in Somalia.

Undigested Past

Adolf Hitler (1923)514 The fundamental change on nation building during the first
half of the twentieth century created an ... For a full, enlightening and well-written
account see Snyder, Timothy: The Reconstruction of Nations. tions but also in a ...

Undigested Past

Author: Robert van Voren

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 940120070X

Page: 195

View: 957

"This is a most honest, balanced and tactful attempt to promote self-reflection and self-understanding in two nations involved in a brutal genocide. If you are a Lithuanian or a Jew, after reading this book you have no other choice but to redefine your personal identity in order to answer the questions: What does it mean to be a Lithuanian? What does it mean to be a Lithuanian Jew? I thought I knew the answers, but I was wrong." Levas Kovarskis, psychoanalyst "As Lithuanians, we need to face the deep and painful reflections of the events highlighted in this remarkable book. A great deal of work is needed on both sides to restore trust between Jews and Lithuanians and, for those not afraid to do so, reading this book is a very good first step." Danius Puras, psychiatrist "Despite the multitude of available works on the Holocaust, this admirably concise, yet detailed, volume will be an eye-opener for many - probably most - of its readers. Particularly valuable is its comparative (not contrastive) survey of the behavior of many in Lithuania and The Netherlands during and after the Second World War. In no sense is this book 'anti-Lithuanian', for, as the author well realizes, it was not only the Jews in that country who suffered terribly under Nazi and Soviet occupation. This monograph deserves a very wide readership, especially in Lithuania." Martin Dewhirst, University of Glasgow, Scotland

Freedom from Past Injustices

The Role of Nationalism in the Reconstruction of Nations,” Nations and
Nationalism, 1(1), 1995, 3—23 (a complex yet sympathetic view of the continued
existence of national groups); B. Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections
on the ...

Freedom from Past Injustices

Author: Nahshon Perez

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748649638

Page: 200

View: 390

There is a widespread belief that contemporary citizens should take responsibility for rectifying past wrongs. Nahshon Perez challenges this view, questioning attempts to aggregate dead wrongdoers with living people, and examining ideas of intergeneration

The Great South Carolina Ku Klux Klan Trials 1871 1872

The nation's high tribunal construed the Reconstruction Amendments in a
manner that left traditional state-based federalism unaltered. This conservative
reading of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments is not surprising in light of
Judge ...

The Great South Carolina Ku Klux Klan Trials  1871 1872

Author: Lou Falkner Williams

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820326597

Page: 224

View: 471

It is remarkable that the most serious intervention by the federal government to protect the rights of its new African American citizens during Reconstruction (and well beyond) has not, until now, received systematic scholarly study. In The Great South Carolina Ku Klux Klan Trials, Lou Falkner Williams presents a comprehensive account of the events following the Klan uprising in the South Carolina piedmont in the Reconstruction era. It is a gripping story--one that helps us better understand the limits of constitutional change in post-Civil War America and the failure of Reconstruction. The South Carolina Klan trials represent the culmination of the federal government's most substantial effort during Reconstruction to stop white violence and provide personal security for African Americans. Federal interventions, suspension of habeas corpus in nine counties, widespread undercover investigations, and highly publicized trials resulting in the conviction of several Klansmen are all detailed in Williams's study. When the trials began, the Supreme Court had yet to interpret the Fourteenth Amendment and the Enforcement Acts. Thus the fourth federal circuit court became a forum for constitutional experimentation as the prosecution and defense squared off to present their opposing views. The fate of the individual Klansmen was almost incidental to the larger constitutional issues in these celebrated trials. It was the federal judge's devotion to state-centered federalism--not a lack of concern for the Klan's victims--that kept them from embracing constitutional doctrine that would have fundamentally altered the nature of the Union. Placing the Klan trials in the context of postemancipation race relations, Williams shows that the Klan's campaign of terror in the upcountry reflected white determination to preserve prewar racial and social standards. Her analysis of Klan violence against women breaks new ground, revealing that white women were attacked to preserve traditional southern sexual mores, while crimes against black women were designed primarily to demonstrate white male supremacy. Well-written, cogently argued, and clearly presented, this comprehensive account of the Klan uprising in the South Carolina piedmont in the late 1860s and early 1870s makes a significant contribution to the history of Reconstruction and race relations in the United States.

The Making and Breaking of Soviet Lithuania

Alfonsas Eidintas, ed. Kaunas: Menta, 1990. Smith, Anthony D. Myths and
Memories of the Nation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, ... Snyder, Timothy. The
Reconstruction of Nations. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press,
2004.

The Making and Breaking of Soviet Lithuania

Author: Violeta Davoliūtė

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134693583

Page: 212

View: 537

Appearing on the world stage in 1918, Lithuania suffered numerous invasions, border changes and large scale population displacements.The successive occupations of Stalin in 1940 and Hitler in 1941, mass deportations to the Gulag and the elimination of the Jewish community in the Holocaust gave the horrors of World War II a special ferocity. Moreover, the fighting continued after 1945 with the anti-Soviet insurrection, crushed through mass deportations and forced collectivization in 1948-1951. At no point, however, did the process of national consolidation take a pause, making Lithuania an improbably representative case study of successful nation-building in this troubled region. As postwar reconstruction gained pace, ethnic Lithuanians from the countryside – the only community to remain after the war in significant numbers – were mobilized to work in the cities. They streamed into factory and university alike, creating a modern urban society, with new elites who had a surprising degree of freedom to promote national culture. This book describes how the national cultural elites constructed a Soviet Lithuanian identity against a backdrop of forced modernization in the fifties and sixties, and how they subsequently took it apart by evoking the memory of traumatic displacement in the seventies and eighties, later emerging as prominent leaders of the popular movement against Soviet rule.

The Continuities of German History

Nation, Religion, and Race across the Long Nineteenth Century Helmut Walser
Smith. for the Jewish experience of early modern eastern ... Timothy Snyder, The
Reconstruction of Nations. Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569–1999 ...

The Continuities of German History

Author: Helmut Walser Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139471252

Page:

View: 718

This book opens the debate about German history in the long term – about how ideas and political forms are traceable across what historians have taken to be the sharp breaks of German history. Smith argues that current historiography has become ever more focused on the twentieth century, and on twentieth-century explanations for the catastrophes at the center of German history. Against conventional wisdom, he considers continuities - nation and nationalism, religion and religious exclusion, racism and violence - that are the center of the German historical experience and that have long histories. Smith explores these deep continuities in novel ways, emphasizing their importance, while arguing that Germany was not on a special path to destruction. The result is a series of innovative reflections on the crystallization of nationalist ideology, on patterns of anti-Semitism, and on how the nineteenth-century vocabulary of race structured the twentieth-century genocidal imagination.

The Reconstruction of Western Europe 1945 51

THE COLLAPSE OF BRETTON WOODS The separate reconstruction objectives
of each western European nation-state showed that they were by no means
unaware of the depth of the problem and the seriousness of its implications, even
 ...

The Reconstruction of Western Europe 1945 51

Author: Alan S. Milward

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415379229

Page: 527

View: 438

First Published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.