The first readable and accurate translation of twenty of the most authoritative Hindu documents pertaining to ascetic ideals and the ascetic way of life, this text opens to students a major source for the study of the Hindu ascetical ...
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The first readable and accurate translation of twenty of the most authoritative Hindu documents pertaining to ascetic ideals and the ascetic way of life, this text opens to students a major source for the study of the Hindu ascetical institutions and of the historical changes they underwent during a period of a thousand years or more. Beginning with an analysis of the historical context that gave rise to Indian ascetical institutions and ideologies, Patrick Olivelle moves on to elucidate the meaning of renunciation--the central institution of holiness in most Hindu traditions--and the function and significance of the various elements that constitute the rite of renunciation. The Samnyasa Upanisads will be an unparalleled source of information and insight for students of Hinduism and Indian eticism, mysticism, and holiness.
Presents the first major English translation of the ancient Upaniṣads in over half a century. Includes an introduction and note on the translation by the translator, a guide to Sanskrit pronunciation, and a list of names.
Author: Patrick Olivelle
Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks
The Upanisads are the central scriptures of Hinduism, representing some of the most important literary products in the history of Indian culture and religion. This is the first major English translation of the ancient Upanisads for over 50 years; its up-to-date introduction and detailed notes make the edition ideal for non-specialists as well as students of Indian religions.
4.2.1 The Time of Renunciation in the Samnyasa Upanisads The question of the
time when a person is allowed to renounce occupies a central position in the
group of texts commonly referred to as the Samnyasa Upanisads." Five
Author: Patrick Olivelle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The lesser known and explored of the two pillars of Hinduism--=aśrama and var.na--=aśrama is the name given to a system of four distinct and legitimate ways of leading a religious life: as a celibate student, a married householder, a forest hermit, and a world renouncer. In this, the first full-length study of the =aśrama system, Olivelle uncovers its origin and traces its subsequent history. He examines in depth its relationship to other institutional and doctrinal aspects of the Brahmanical world and its position within Brahmanical theology, and assesses its significance within the history of Indian religion. Throughout, he argues that the =aśrama system is primarily a theological construct and that the system and its history should be carefully distinguished from the socio-religious institutions comprehended by the system and from their respective histories.
In its early usage, the object of samnyasa is often explicitly stated, and it is
invariably rites.... The very semantic history of the ... Issues associated with this
are primarily addressed in the Samnyasa Upanisads. The Samnyasa Upanisads
are not ...
Author: Srinivasa Ramanujam
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
This volume develops a historically informed phenomenology of caste and untouchability. It explores the idea of ‘Brahmin’ and the practice of untouchability by offering a scholarly reading of ancient and medieval texts. By going beyond the notions of purity and pollution, it presents a new framework of understanding relationships between social groups and social categories. An important intervention in the study of caste and untouchability, this book will be an essential read for the scholars and researchers of political studies, political philosophy, cultural studies, Dalit studies, Indology, sociology, social anthropology and Ambedkar studies.
The text has a parallel in Maha-Upanisad, one of the Samnyasa Upanisads.
Besides Swami Vima1ananda's explanations in his notes (Vimalananda, Maha-
NarUp, pp. 161-169), B.R. Sharma, Concept of Arman, pp. 210213, makes some
Author: Klaus G. Witz
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publ.
This book attempts to let the universal Upanisadic knowledge and experience of Divinity and reality emerge from the original texts and make it accessible to a broader western oriented audience.The book is in text commentary format and uses the method of p
... presence and role of Dattatreya within some of the minor Upanisads, mainly
technical manuals for the use of disciples of either Advaita Vedanta or Yoga: (1)
the Yoga Upanisads, (2) the Samnyasa Upanisads, and (3) the Visnu Upanisads.
Author: Antonio Rigopoulos
Publisher: SUNY Press
Presents the multi-faceted Hindu deity Dattatreya from his Puranic emergence to modern times. This book presents the multi-faceted Hindu deity Dattatreya from his Puranic emergence up to modern times. Dattatreya's Brahmanical portrayal, as well as his even more archaic characterization as a Tantric antinomian figure, combines both Vaisnava Saiva motifs. Over the course of time, Dattatreya has come to embody the roles of the immortal guru, yogin and avatara in a paradigmatic manner. From the sixteenth century Dattatreya's glorious characterization emerged as the incarnation of the trimurti of Brahma, Visnu, and Siva. Although Maharastra is the heartland of Dattatreya devotion, his presence is attested to throughout India and extends beyond the boundaries of Hinduism, being met with in Sufi circles and even in Buddhism and Jainism via Nathism. The scarce attention which most Western scholars of Indian religions have paid to this deity contrasts with its ubiquitousness and social permeability. Devotion to Dattatreya cuts through all social and religious strata of Indian society: among his adepts we find yogis, Brahmans, faqirs, Devi worshippers, untouchables, thieves, and prostitutes. This book explores all primary religious dimensions: myth, doctrine, ritual, philosophy, mysticism, and iconography. The comprehensive result offers a rich fresco of Hindu religion as well as an understanding of Marathi integrative spirituality: precisely this complexity of themes constitutes Dattatreya's uniqueness. "I learned a great deal from this book. Although I had known about Dattatreya as an important figure in Hinduism, I had never realized the richness and complexity of this truly Protean deity. As Rigopoulos notes, Dattatreya has been largely neglected by scholars, and this book makes you wonder why, since he is so intriguing. I suspect that this will become a classic in its area, since there really is no comparable work which does so much relating to Dattatreya. In a way, to read the history of Dattatreya as presented by Rigopoulos is to engage the history of Hinduism! Virtually all of the major historical phases and issues are there, from the Vedic period up to the last decade." -- Glen Hayes, Bloomfield College
The Minor Upanisads—Vol 1: Samnyasa-Upanisads. Madras: Adyar Library.
Olivelle, Patrick, trans. 1992. Samnyasa Upanisads: Hindu Scriptures on
Asceticism and Renunciation. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Samputa.
Author: Ronald M. Davidson
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Despite the rapid spread of Buddhism—especially the esoteric system of Tantra, one of its most popular yet most misunderstood forms—the historical origins of Buddhist thought and practice remain obscure. This groundbreaking work describes the genesis of the Tantric movement in early medieval India, where it developed as a response to, and in some ways an example of, the feudalization of Indian society. Drawing on primary documents—many translated for the first time—from Sanskrit, Prakrit, Tibetan, Bengali, and Chinese, Ronald Davidson shows how changes in medieval Indian society, including economic and patronage crises, a decline in women's participation, and the formation of large monastic orders, led to the rise of the esoteric tradition in India that became the model for Buddhist cultures in China, Tibet, and Japan.
Though the realization that each soul was one with the infinite soul was hardly
breaking news in the Upanishads, the earlier ... the Renunciation Upanishads (
Samnyasa Upanishads), encouraged a person heading for the path of Release (
Author: Wendy Doniger
From one of the world?s foremost scholars on Hinduism, a vivid reinterpretation of its history An engrossing and definitive narrative account of history and myth that offers a new way of understanding one of the world?s oldest major religions, The Hindus elucidates the relationship between recorded history and imaginary worlds. Hinduism does not lend itself easily to a strictly chronological account: many of its central texts cannot be reliably dated even within a century; its central tenets?karma, dharma, to name just two?arise at particular moments in Indian history and differ in each era, between genders, and caste to caste; and what is shared among Hindus is overwhelmingly outnumbered by the things that are unique to one group or another. Yet the greatness of Hinduism?its vitality, its earthiness, its vividness?lies precisely in many of those idiosyncratic qualities that continue to inspire debate today. Wendy Doniger is one of the foremost scholars of Hinduism in the world. With her inimitable insight and expertise Doniger illuminates those moments within the tradition that resist forces that would standardize or establish a canon. Without reversing or misrepresenting the historical hierarchies, she reveals how Sanskrit and vernacular sources are rich in knowledge of and compassion toward women and lower castes; how they debate tensions surrounding religion, violence, and tolerance; and how animals are the key to important shifts in attitudes toward different social classes. The Hindus brings a fascinating multiplicity of actors and stories to the stage to show how brilliant and creative thinkers?many of them far removed from Brahmin authors of Sanskrit texts?have kept Hinduism alive in ways that other scholars have not fully explored. In this unique and authoritative account, debates about Hindu traditions become platforms from which to consider the ironies, and overlooked epiphanies, of history.
Samnyasa Upanisads: Hindu Scriptures on Asceticism and Renunciation. New
York: Oxford University Press. Olivelle, Patrick. 1993. The Asrama System. The
History and Hermeneutics of a Religious Institution. New York: Oxford University
Author: David M. Knipe
Publisher: Oxford University Press
For countless generations families have lived in isolated communities in the Godavari Delta of coastal Andhra Pradesh, learning and reciting their legacy of Vedas, performing daily offerings and occasional sacrifices. They are the virtually unrecognized survivors of a 3,700-year-old heritage, the last in India who perform the ancient animal and soma sacrifices according to Vedic tradition. In Vedic Voices, David M. Knipe offers for the first time, an opportunity for them to speak about their lives, ancestral lineages, personal choices as pandits, wives, children, and ways of coping with an avalanche of changes in modern India. He presents a study of four generations of ten families, from those born at the outset of the twentieth century down to their great-grandsons who are just beginning, at the age of seven, the task of memorizing their Veda, the Taittiriya Samhita, a feat that will require eight to twelve years of daily recitations. After successful examinations these young men will reside with the Veda family girls they married as children years before, take their places in the oral transmission of a three-thousand-year Vedic heritage, teach the Taittiriya collection of texts to their own sons, and undertake with their wives the major and minor sacrifices performed by their ancestors for some three millennia. Coastal Andhra, famed for bountiful rice and coconut plantations, has received scant attention from historians of religion and anthropologists despite a wealth of cultural traditions. Vedic Voices describes in captivating prose the geography, cultural history, pilgrimage traditions, and celebrated persons of the region. Here unfolds a remarkable story of Vedic pandits and their wives, one scarcely known in India and not at all to the outside world.
SU Olivelle, Samnyasa Upanisads: Hindu Scriptures on Asceticism and
Renunciation Symp. Plato, Symposium TC Stevenson, Twelve Cases in Lebanon
and Turkey TI Austen, "Procreation Beliefs among the Trobriand Islanders" 77.
Author: Gananath Obeyesekere
Publisher: Univ of California Press
With Imagining Karma, Gananath Obeyesekere embarks on the very first comparison of rebirth concepts across a wide range of cultures. Exploring in rich detail the beliefs of small-scale societies of West Africa, Melanesia, traditional Siberia, Canada, and the northwest coast of North America, Obeyesekere compares their ideas with those of the ancient and modern Indic civilizations and with the Greek rebirth theories of Pythagoras, Empedocles, Pindar, and Plato. His groundbreaking and authoritative discussion decenters the popular notion that India was the origin and locus of ideas of rebirth. As Obeyesekere compares responses to the most fundamental questions of human existence, he challenges readers to reexamine accepted ideas about death, cosmology, morality, and eschatology. Obeyesekere's comprehensive inquiry shows that diverse societies have come through independent invention or borrowing to believe in reincarnation as an integral part of their larger cosmological systems. The author brings together into a coherent methodological framework the thought of such diverse thinkers as Weber, Wittgenstein, and Nietzsche. In a contemporary intellectual context that celebrates difference and cultural relativism, this book makes a case for disciplined comparison, a humane view of human nature, and a theoretical understanding of "family resemblances" and differences across great cultural divides.
Samnyasa Upanisads: Hindu Scriptures on Asceticism and Renunciation. oxford:
oxford University press, 1992. osorio, carlos et al., eds. “on 30th anniversary of
argentine coup: New declassified details on repression and U.s. support for ...
Author: Nicolas Laos
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
In this book, Nicolas Laos studies the meaning of the terms "world" and "order," the moral dimensions of each world order model, and wider issues of meaning and interpretation generated by humanity's attempt to live in a meaningful world and to find the logos of the beings and things in the world. The aim of this book is to propose a unified theory of world order (i.e., a theory that combines philosophy, theology, and political theory). In this context, the author provides a thought-provoking (re)interpretation of classical philosophy (placing particular emphasis on Platonism), an in-depth inquiry into medieval philosophy and spirituality (placing particular emphasis on the cultural differences between the Greek East and the Latino-Frankish West), and an intellectually challenging review and evaluation of modern Western philosophy (including Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Kierkegaard, Husserl, and Heidegger) and of Nietzsche's and the postmodernists' revolt against modernity. He then elucidates the philosophical foundations and "pedigree" of each of the three basic political theories of modernity (i.e., Liberalism, Communism, and Fascism), and he studies the basic theoretical debates in International Relations, Geopolitics, and Noopolitics. Finally, Laos proposes a new, "fourth," political theory which he calls "metaphysical republicanism."
... on the Nath and Rasa siddhas, see White i996; for Patanjali, see, for example,
Radhaknslman and Moore i957: 453-485; on Samnyasa Upanisads. see Olivelle
i992; on Nagas. etc., see liedi i99i. 5, Bharan i970: chap. i. espectally 28-30. 6.
Author: Roger Reid Jackson
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
This book provides accurate, accessible translations of three classics of medieval Indian Buddhist mysticism. Since their composition around 1000 CE, these poems have exerted a powerful influence on spiritual life.
Very interestingly, these texts are not Dharmasitras, but Samnyasa Upanisads
and a Srauta Sfitra. The ascetic dealt with in these texts has a clear link with the
Vedic sacrifice. But unlike the Vedic ascetic considered above, this one
Author: Johannes Bronkhorst
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publ.
how spiritual healing works and how colours, tones, crystals and massage
This ascription, however, should not be taken too seriously, because most later
Upanisads that did not form part of any ... of ascetic (Muu 3.1.5; 3.2.6), and
samnyasa, in the sense of ascetic renunciation (Muu 3.2.6), I do not think it is
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This is the full edition of the early Upanisads, the central scriptures of Hinduism. Featuring Patrick Olivelle's acclaimed new English translation (Oxford, 1996), it also includes the complete Sanskrit text, as well as variant readings, scholarly emendations, and explanations of Olivelle's choices of particular readings. The volume also contains a concordance of the two recensions of the Brhadaranyaka Upanisad, and an extensive bibliography.