arrive at the starting-point of earthly humanity, at a time when humanity was much
closer to the divine, not only with regard to the qualities of spirit but also with
regard to morality. At the beginning of earth evolution we do not find immorality
Author: Rudolf Steiner
3 lectures, Norrköping, Sweden, May 28-30, 1912 (CW 155) Moral teaching and moral preaching cannot establish morality. It is only by delving into the hidden secrets of life that we can advance not just to moral doctrines but to the moral sources of life, true moral impulses. At different times, humanity has manifested moral life in different ways. To understand these differences, the evolution of consciousness must also be taken into account. Originally morality was a part of human nature, for in their essence human beings are good. But through evolution, there have come errors, deviations, times of falling away. In this small, much-loved cycle of three lectures Rudolf Steiner indicates the sources for the recovery of a living morality for our time. Rudolf Steiner shows the transformation of the virtues through the evolution of consciousness and, above all, through the incarnation of the Christ in the Mystery of Golgotha. Since then, morality works to build up Christ's being. Synopses: Lecture 1 -- Why morality needs to be studied. Preaching morality v. founding morality: examples of ancient India (devotion to wisdom) and ancient Europe (courage). Leprosy in the Middle Ages. The biography of Francis of Assisi; the transformation of courage into love. The reality of moral forces. Lecture 2 -- The caste system; differentiation as to a law of evolution. The betrayal of the Atlantean Mysteries; the consequences for the European population. Racial evolution v. soul evolution. The demons of leprosy overcome by the Christ impulse in Francis of Assisi. Francis's prior incarnation; the mysteries at Colchis and the Buddha. Francis's faith in the original goodness of humanity. Plato's four virtues. Lecture 3 -- The nature of evil and freedom; the teaching of the mean. Interest as a precondition for understanding and moral conduct. Spiritual Science, as divine wisdom, stimulates interest. During the third post-Atlantean cultural epoch, interest was regulated by the instinctive virtue of "wisdom"; today, interest must be regulated by conscious truthfulness. The lack of truthfulness in modern times; theosophy as an educator of truthfulness. Truthfulness as the virtue of the sentient soul. Courage as the instinctive virtue of the mind soul in the fourth epoch; today, in the fifth epoch, it must become love, based on understanding. This is promoted by a theosophical comprehension of the Christ. Temperance as the virtue of the consciousness soul is still instinctive in the fifth epoch; it will be replaced by "life wisdom" in the sixth epoch. The effect of spiritual-scientific wisdom on the body. The virtue of "justice." Knowledge of the suprasensory world through wonder, astonishment, faith. The evolution of conscience. The Christ impulse is naked; it must be clothed by impulses of wonder, love, conscience. Founding v. preaching morality: the reality of the Christ impulse v. abstract ideals of brotherhood. How goodness builds and evil destroys. This volume is a partial translation of Theosophische Moral (CW 155).
... of individualization, and – lifting them with Brentano from the assumed mere
psychic states to the dignity of “emotional experiences” – see in them the
significant expression of the spirit (aesthetic, moral, spiritual experiences), •
Author: Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The essays in this volume constitute a portion of the research program being carried out by the International Society for Phenomenology and the Human Sciences. Established as an affiliate society of the World Institute for Ad vanced Phenomenological Research and Learning in 1976, in Arezzo, Italy, by the president of the Institute, Dr Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, this particular society is devoted to an exploration of the relevance of phenomenological methods and insights for an understanding of the origins and goals of the specialised human sciences. The essays printed in the first part of the book were originally presented at the Second Congress of this society held at Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, 12-14 July 1979. The second part of the volume consists of selected essays from the third convention (the Eleventh International Congress of Phenomenology of the World Phenomen ology Institute) held in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1981. With the third part of this book we pass into the "Human Rights" issue as treated by the World Phenomenology Institute at the Interamerican Philosophy Congress held in Tallahassee, Florida, also in 1981. The volume opens with a mono graph by Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka on the foundations of ethics in the moral practice within the life-world and the social world shown as clearly distinct. The main ideas of this work had been presented by Tymieniecka as lead lectures to the three conferences giving them a tight research-project con sistency.
For in the meantime considerable and weighty changes had taken place in the
spiritual climate of Europe which, to a man who embodied in himself a wonderful
synthesis of the natural and the spiritual must have been the source of ...
Author: Wilhelm RÃ¶pke
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Wilhelm Roepke may have been the soundest economist of the twentieth century. He understood the limitations as well as the strengths of his discipline. Economists are often tempted to take the easy way out, by denying reality to aspects of human existence and reducing them to arbitrary and subjective tastes and preferences. Roepke never does this, and this is his strength. He realizes that all of these are legitimate aspects of human experience which must be satisfied in a balanced and harmonious social existence. Nature, sex, religion, beauty, and politics are all meaningful as parts of the whole. Problems occur only when each segment attempts to become the whole. The original title of this book, Civitas Humana, contains a double meaning. It promises a treatment of questions fundamental not only to human society but also to humane society. The volume combines distinct aspects of life. Half of the book is devoted to questions of economic and social life. The other half examines spiritual and national life. Chapters include "Moral Foundations," "The Place of Science in the City of Man," "Counterweights to the State," "Congestion and Proletarianisation of Society," and "Economic System and International New Order." Although Roepke recognized the validity of the nation in the modern world, he was constantly trying to find the smaller agencies within society in which real allegiances and loyalties were to be developed. His ideas continue to be of significance. As described by William F. Campbell in the new introduction, The Moral Foundations of Civil Society is a necessary addition to the libraries of economists, sociologists, theologians, and philosophers.
and spiritual foundation upon which our once great nation was founded... Patrick
Henry boldly declared: "It cannot be emphasized too strongly or too often that this
great nation was founded, not by religionists, but by Christians; not on religions, ...
Author: Brian A. Cooper
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
Author Brian Cooper reflects on the events over the past 40 plus years which he feels has resulted in a general spiritual, moral, and civil decay of values in America. His observations and perspectives are drawn from a blend of personal, historical, and scriptural reference points. Considering the recent tragedy in America on September 11, 2001, his perspective will challenge you to confront the American way of life as we know it today and the America as it existed in more innocent times. He firmly believes that on September 11, 2001, as often occurred in ancient times, God has embarked on an attempt to redirect his people from their rebellious ways. Many Americans have lost sight of the true benefactor of their wealth and prosperity. Its Christian roots continue to deteriorate, being replaced with the worship of false gods and a growing hunger for the "sensational." Will America recover from its waywardness, or will the Spiritual, moral, and civil decay of America continue?
... been too ” effective in the sense that they have undermined some of the moral
and spiritual foundations of our civilization . Our ability to provide equally
powerful replacements for those foundations is heightened and perpetuated by a
Author: David E. Purpel
Publisher: Peter Lang
This book takes a sharply critical view of contemporary society with a searing indictment of our morally and intellectually bankrupt educational system. Uniquely, the book contains both the original version of David Purpel's highly influential Moral and Spiritual Crisis in Education, first published in 1989, as well as an updated critique of that work - reflections from our current times of growing despair about the directions of education and the nation. Reflections on the Moral and Spiritual Crisis in Education focuses on the possibility - and necessity - of generating hope through the redemptive and energizing power of the human spirit.
It is because of such a disproportion, stated in our opening chapter on the
ultimate end, that our thinking leads us towards a more spiritual and supernatural
foundation of morality. In this regard, we begin to understand the place of prayer,
Author: Janko Zagar OP
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Acting on Principles, the product of over thirty years of teaching, gives a comprehensive overview of the Moral Theology of St. Thomas Aquinas, placing it in dialogue with contemporary ethical theory and developments in Catholic theology since the Second Vatican Council. Suitable for students of ethics and moral theology, and general readers seeking Christian guidance in the formation of conscience and moral decision making, it presents the classical Catholic ethical tradition in a clear and lively style.
the threads of which a moral fabric is woven ; without at least some of them , no
pattern could be preserved and there would be no social morality . They are all
reciprocal relations ; and to the extent that they deviate from just reciprocity , they
Author: Alexander Frank Skutch
Publisher: Axios Press
"Moral Foundations is the last book of Alexander Skutch's century-long life. It is, in many respects, the capstone work of Dr. Skutch's long and fruitful life. It is an ideal introduction to the pleasures of moral philosophy and offers clear and stimulating answers to many of the perennial questions that all of us face in our own lives."--BOOK JACKET.
A. Kontos (Toronto: Toronto University Press, 979) and Thomas Pangle, The
Spirit of Modern Republicanism: The Moral Vision of the American Founders and
the Philosophy of Locke (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 988), 29–275.
Author: S. Adam Seagrave
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Recent years have seen a renaissance of interest in the relationship between natural law and natural rights. During this time, the concept of natural rights has served as a conceptual lightning rod, either strengthening or severing the bond between traditional natural law and contemporary human rights. Does the concept of natural rights have the natural law as its foundation or are the two ideas, as Leo Strauss argued, profoundly incompatible? With The Foundations of Natural Morality, S. Adam Seagrave addresses this controversy, offering an entirely new account of natural morality that compellingly unites the concepts of natural law and natural rights. Seagrave agrees with Strauss that the idea of natural rights is distinctly modern and does not derive from traditional natural law. Despite their historical distinctness, however, he argues that the two ideas are profoundly compatible and that the thought of John Locke and Thomas Aquinas provides the key to reconciling the two sides of this long-standing debate. In doing so, he lays out a coherent concept of natural morality that brings together thinkers from Plato and Aristotle to Hobbes and Locke, revealing the insights contained within these disparate accounts as well as their incompleteness when considered in isolation. Finally, he turns to an examination of contemporary issues, including health care, same-sex marriage, and the death penalty, showing how this new account of morality can open up a more fruitful debate.
Moral. Justification. in. Context. At the foundation of well-founded belief lies belief
that is not founded.1 Wittgenstein n this ... and I want to propose instead a
contextualist moral epistemology—a view that claims (in the spirit of the
Author: Mark Timmons
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Morality Without Foundations investigates fundamental metaethical questions about the meaning, truth, and justification of moral thought and discourse. Mark Timmons maintains that all versions of descriptivism in ethics, particularly certain accounts of moral realism, fail. He argues instead that a correct metaethical theory should embrace some version of non-descriptivism. Timmons defends what he calls "assertoric non-descriptivism" which, unlike traditional non-descriptivist views, holds that moral sentences are typically used to make genuine assertions. In defending this view, he exploits contextual semantics, providing him with the semantic flexibility to develop an irrealist account of moral discourse. Timmons goes on to support a contextualist moral epistemology, completing his overall version of contextualism in ethics. Like his foundationalist rivals, Timmons recognizes that there are moral beliefs that are epistemically basic in providing a basis for the justification of non-basic moral beliefs. Yet, he agrees with the coherentist in maintaining that there are no intrinsically justified beliefs that can serve as a single foundation for a system of moral knowledge. Timmons ultimately finds that regresses of justification of moral belief end with contextually basic beliefs--moral beliefs which, in the relevant context, are responsibly held, but in other contexts might not be suitable as regress stoppers. Timmons' novel defense of morality without foundations offers provocative reading for philosophers working in the areas of ethics, epistemology, and metaphysics. Yet, written with the student in mind, his lucid presentation of difficult ideas makes this book accessible to students and newcomers to the field of metaethics.
An Investigation Into the Origin and Purpose of Moral Concepts George Frankl.
but by forming ... Not only as a teacher of skills but also by his love and concern
for the community and its members he represented the spirit of morality . Just as
Author: George Frankl
The author examines the role of moral concepts in the life of societies, pointing to the interaction between neurotic and psychotic disturbances in individuals and the pathologies which periodically overwhelm societies. He asserts that we are experiencing a disintegration of moral values in the civilization of the West and an upsurge of antisocial, destructive behaviour. When the moral directives upheld by a culture cease to be convincing, anti-moral attitudes of defiance will arise, resulting in an increasing number of people turning to crime, violence and murder, unrestrained self-interest and greed, and a profound weakening of social conscience. Frankl then asks why morality is necessary in the human species and examines its biological and psychological origins. Humans, he says, are no longer controlled by genetically programmed instincts. With the expansion of the pre-frontal lobes of the brain, humans have to acquire values which guide their actions - an inner representation of right and wrong, good and bad. To be given universal validity, these then have to be presented in the form of morality.
For this reason , the meaning of Sila as moral conduct and Paramitâ as perfection
or Buddhist virtue will be explained in the Preliminary Understandings of
Pancasila as the Foundation of Moral Perfection . In order to stress the spiritual
Author: Maurice Nyunt Wai
Publisher: Gregorian Biblical BookShop
The Buddhism of Southeast Asia is Theravada Buddhism. In Myanmar almost 90% of the population are Theravada Buddhist and almost 5% are Christians, including 1% of Catholics. People are so culturally influenced by Theravada Buddhism that religious values have become social values. The purpose of this research is to promote inter-religious dialogue between Buddhist and Catholics. This study concentrates on Pancasila -the beginning of Buddhist ethics, especially meant for the laity- comparing it with the commandments and Christian virtues. The relationship between morality and spirituality is shown by a comparative study of some moral principles of the two traditions.
The Scriptures are clear that in the final days of this age, the Church will be
exalted to a position of spiritual authority like she has never ... Spiritual authority
is built on a spiritual foundation, and moral authority is built on a moral foundation
Author: Rick Joyner
Publisher: Destiny Image Publishers
Now is the time to break free of all the things, concepts, traditions, ideologies, people, and routines that are holding you back from living the blessed life that God destined for you. Who executes justice for the oppressed...The Lord gives freedom to the prisoners (Psalm 146:7). You can break the power of evil and live now in eternal freedom, peace, and joy by recognizing: The enemy called easy. The ultimate trap Pride. The roots of bondage. The two Christian mandates. The way to break the beast's yoke. Best-selling author Rick Joyner gives you the weapons to defeat evil and triumph over satan's plan to destroy your life s potential. After Breaking the Power of Evil equips you with a biblically solid battle plan, the included study guide gives you the ammunition to surge forward into action to break the power of evil!
An Integrated Theory of Moral Development Richard T. Knowles, George F.
McLean ... This spirit is well illustrated by the writings of such founding fathers as
Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin. These true intellectuals had
Author: Richard T. Knowles
Includes bibliographical references and index.
For Luther, the moral life was rooted in the mysterious presence of the Cosmic
Lord. This inner union of believers with Christ—the mystical element in
justification by faith—is the foundation of moral life. The spiritual communion with
Author: Sung Kyu Park
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Christian Spirituality in Africa holistically approaches the convergence of East/West, and Christian/Traditional African religions. Its theological, historical, and anthropological perspectives contribute to a balanced understanding of Christian spirituality/transformation in an African context.