Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation

The first part of this book, first published in 1990, explores the interplay between thematic role assignment and movement processes, with particular reference to the explanatory problem of nominalisation.

Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation

Author: Robin Clark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315519879

Page: 270

View: 228

In recent years, lexical argument structure, in the guise of thematic roles, has come to play an increasingly important part in syntactic theory. The first part of this book, first published in 1990, explores the interplay between thematic role assignment and movement processes, with particular reference to the explanatory problem of nominalisation. The second part explores the relationship between thematic roles and control. Particularly close attention is paid to implicit arguments, arbitrary control and adverbs of quantification. A theory of control is presented which unifies obligatory and non-obligatory control. The theory of control, furthermore, generalises to account for the binding gaps in purposive clauses, tough movement constructions, infinitival clauses and other constructions which have typically been analysed as involving long-distance dependencies. This title will be of interest to students of linguistics.

The Syntax of Aspect Deriving Thematic and Aspectual Interpretation

This book investigates the way grammar deals with the representation of aspectual (aktionsart) concepts, focussing on issues of the lexicon-syntax interface.

The Syntax of Aspect   Deriving Thematic and Aspectual Interpretation

Author: Nomi Erteschik-Shir

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191535697

Page: 336

View: 831

This book investigates the way grammar deals with the representation of aspectual (aktionsart) concepts, focussing on issues of the lexicon-syntax interface. The authors' innovative analyses of this interface significantly advance our understanding of the role that syntax plays in determining verbal meaning, aspectual interpretation, and thematic information.Various theories are developed in this collection, including those that take as their starting point the lexical-syntactic framework of Hale and Keyser, prominent among which is the chapter by Hale and Keyser themselves.By examining different phenomena in a cross-linguistic perspective, this book develops insights into the general theoretical question of universal grammar and acquisition as well as into the specific nature of the lexicon-syntax interface. It is a major contribution to modern syntactic theory.

Flexible Syntax

Neeleman and Weerman take issue with this view, arguing for a more flexible approach on the basis of conceptual considerations and data taken mostly, but not exclusively, from the Germanic languages.

Flexible Syntax

Author: A. Neeleman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401142890

Page: 253

View: 575

Most linguistic theories assume that each grammatical relation is established in a unique structural configuration. Neeleman and Weerman take issue with this view, arguing for a more flexible approach on the basis of conceptual considerations and data taken mostly, but not exclusively, from the Germanic languages. In-depth analyses of word order phenomena as well as diachronic and typological generalizations motivate a re-evaluation of the role of case in the projection of arguments. Case is shown to provide a syntactic foothold for thematic interpretation, something which is necessary in a grammar that does not allow fixed theta-positions. Thus, this study does not only offer a genuine alternative to many standard assumptions, it also explains why there should be such a thing as case in natural language.

Predicates and Their Subjects

The second half of the book extends the theory of predication to cover copular constructions; it includes an account of the structure of small clauses in Hebrew, of the use of `be' in predicative and identity sentences in English, and ...

Predicates and Their Subjects

Author: Susan Rothstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401006903

Page: 352

View: 852

Predicates and their Subjects is an in-depth study of the syntax-semantics interface focusing on the structure of the subject-predicate relation. Starting from where the author's 1983 dissertation left off, the book argues that there is syntactic constraint that clauses (small and tensed) are constructed out of a one-place unsaturated expression, the predicate, which must be applied to a syntactic argument, its subject. The author shows that this predication relation cannot be reduced to a thematic relation or a projection of argument structure, but must be a purely syntactic constraint. Chapters in the book show how the syntactic predication relation is semantically interpreted, and how the predication relation explains constraints on DP-raising and on the distribution of pleonastics in English. The second half of the book extends the theory of predication to cover copular constructions; it includes an account of the structure of small clauses in Hebrew, of the use of `be' in predicative and identity sentences in English, and concludes with a study of the meaning of the verb `be'.

Semantic Role Universals and Argument Linking

This volume brings together insights from these different perspectives and thereby, for the first time, seeks to build upon the obvious potential for cross-fertilisation between hitherto autonomous approaches to a common theme.

Semantic Role Universals and Argument Linking

Author: Ina Bornkessel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110219271

Page: 371

View: 859

The concept of semantic roles has been central to linguistic theory for many decades. More specifically, the assumption of such representations as mediators in the correspondence between a linguistic form and its associated meaning has helped to address a number of critical issues related to grammatical phenomena. Furthermore, in addition to featuring in all major theories of grammar, semantic (or 'thematic') roles have been referred to extensively within a wide range of other linguistic subdisciplines, including language typology and psycho-/neurolinguistics. This volume brings together insights from these different perspectives and thereby, for the first time, seeks to build upon the obvious potential for cross-fertilisation between hitherto autonomous approaches to a common theme. To this end, a view on semantic roles is adopted that goes beyond the mere assumption of generalised roles, but also focuses on their hierarchical organisation. The book is thus centred around the interdisciplinary examination of how these hierarchical dependencies subserve argument linking - both in terms of linguistic theory and with respect to real-time language processing - and how they interact with other information types in this process. Furthermore, the contributions examine the interaction between the role hierarchy and the conceptual content of (generalised) semantic roles and investigate their cross-linguistic applicability and psychological reality, as well as their explanatory potential in accounting for phenomena in the domain of language disorders. In bridging the gap between different disciplines, the book provides a valuable overview of current thought on semantic roles and argument linking, and may further serve as a point of departure for future interdisciplinary research in this area. As such, it will be of interest to scientists and advanced students in all domains of linguistics and cognitive science.

The Linguistic Review

Moreover , it was argued that the former type of complements are interpreted with
universal modality , whereas the latter with ... Topics in the syntax and semantics
of infinitives and gerunds . ... Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation .

The Linguistic Review

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Theta Theory

The book is of interest for students and scholars of lexical semantics, for descriptive German linguistics, and for linguists concerned with the development of the Minimalist Program.

Theta Theory

Author: Martin Haiden

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110197472

Page: 308

View: 649

Theta Theory explores the lexicon as an interface in the strict sense, as facilitating the flow of information between cognition and the computational system of language. It argues for the traditional concept of a listed lexicon, where semantic roles are encoded as features of verbs, and against event decomposition. Part one of the book discusses the link between cognition and the lexicon. Mainstream theories of lexical semantics are critically reviewed. Furthermore, this part provides an extensive description of the relevant data in German, including agentivity, causation, psychological predicates, and different types of diathesis alternations. Part two is devoted to the link between the lexicon and syntax. It develops a parallel model of grammatical derivation, which allows the formulation of robust generalizations over thematic role assignment, but at the same time acknowledges the relevance of other components, in particular morpho-phonology and narrow syntax. The theory is applied to a wide range of German constructions including modal infinitives, the present and gerundive participle, the past/passive/adjectival participle, verbal particles, auxiliary selection, and unaccusatives/reflexives. The book is of interest for students and scholars of lexical semantics, for descriptive German linguistics, and for linguists concerned with the development of the Minimalist Program.

Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Bra ov

The Passive in Modern Linguistic Theory . Types of Passive that sentences are
not independent from the point of view of the thematic progress of the text , i . e .
their organization ... Clark , Robin : Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation .

Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Bra  ov

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WCCFL 18

The Nature of Syntactic Representation , Reidel , Dordrecht , 35-57 . ... Structured
Meanings , Thematic Roles and Control . ... 1983. On Control and Control Theory
. Linguistic Inquiry 14 , 421-446 . Pesetsky , David . 1995. Zero Syntax .

WCCFL 18

Author: West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781574730234

Page: 645

View: 941

This proceedings contains contains 48 papers presented at the 1999 conference at the University of Arizona, focusing on phonetics, phonology, syntax, and semantics.

Deriving Syntactic Relations

This book proposes that the fundamental building blocks of syntax are relations between words rather than constituents formed from words.

Deriving Syntactic Relations

Author: John Bowers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107096758

Page: 300

View: 360

This book proposes that the fundamental building blocks of syntax are relations between words rather than constituents formed from words.

Thematic Relations

This is a valuable resource for linguists, syntacticians, and semanticists with an active involvement in research on natural language.

Thematic Relations

Author: Wendy Wilkins

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004373217

Page:

View: 357

Thematic Relations provides information pertinent to thematic relations. Organized into 13 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the semantic relations involved in verb-argument structure and then examines the predicate-argument representations, which have come to figure prominently in all current generative theories of syntax. This is a valuable resource for linguists, syntacticians, and semanticists with an active involvement in research on natural language.

Sprachwissenschaft

9 Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation , London 1990 , S . 48ff . 10 Man
vergleiche besonders R . Clark , ebenda , S . 48f . Semantics and Cognition ,
Cambridge , Mass . 1983 ; R . S . Jackendoff , The status of thematic relations in ...

Sprachwissenschaft

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NELS

Syntar : An International Handbook of Contemporary Research , Berlin , de
Gruyter . Clark , R . ( 1990 ) Thematic theory in Syntax and Interpretation ,
Routledge , New York . Contreras , H . ( 1979 ) Clause Reduction , the Saturation
Constraint ...

NELS

Author: North Eastern Linguistic Society. Meeting

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 526

Sophia Linguistica

Clark, Robin. Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation. ... Deane, Paul. “
Limits to Attention: A Cognitive Theory of Island Phenomena. ... “A Discourse
Explanation of the Grammar of Relative Clauses in English Conversation.”
Language 66 ...

Sophia Linguistica

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Annual Workshop on Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics

Thematic theory in syntax and interpretation , London , Routledge . Comrie , B.
1980. Nominalizations in Russian : lexical noun phrases or transformed
sentences , In C. Chvany and R. Brecht ( eds . ) , Morphosyntax in Slavic ,
Columbus , Ohio ...

Annual Workshop on Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics

Author: Workshop on formal approaches to Slavic linguistics

Publisher: University of Michigan/Michigan Slavic

ISBN:

Page: 487

View: 628

Michigan Slavic materials

Thematic theory in syntax and interpretation , London , Routledge . Comrie , B .
1980 . Nominalizations in Russian : lexical noun phrases or transformed
sentences , In C . Chvany and R . Brecht ( eds . ) , Morphosyntax in Slavic ,
Columbus ...

Michigan Slavic materials

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 487

View: 316

The Routledge Handbook of Syntax

In addition to the mechanics of compositionality, theories of semantic
interpretation differ in terms of how homomorphic they ... external argument) and
their associated thematic roles (e.g., agent) sits naturally at the syntax–semantics
interface.

The Routledge Handbook of Syntax

Author: Andrew Carnie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317751043

Page: 716

View: 478

The study of syntax over the last half century has seen a remarkable expansion of the boundaries of human knowledge about the structure of natural language. The Routledge Handbook of Syntax presents a comprehensive survey of the major theoretical and empirical advances in the dynamically evolving field of syntax from a variety of perspectives, both within the dominant generative paradigm and between syntacticians working within generative grammar and those working in functionalist and related approaches. The handbook covers key issues within the field that include: • core areas of syntactic empirical investigation, • contemporary approaches to syntactic theory, • interfaces of syntax with other components of the human language system, • experimental and computational approaches to syntax. Bringing together renowned linguistic scientists and cutting-edge scholars from across the discipline and providing a balanced yet comprehensive overview of the field, the Routledge Handbook of Syntax is essential reading for researchers and postgraduate students working in syntactic theory.