Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation

The first part of this book, first published in 1990, explores the interplay between thematic role assignment and movement processes, with particular reference to the explanatory problem of nominalisation.

Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation

Author: Robin Clark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315519879

Page: 270

View: 729

In recent years, lexical argument structure, in the guise of thematic roles, has come to play an increasingly important part in syntactic theory. The first part of this book, first published in 1990, explores the interplay between thematic role assignment and movement processes, with particular reference to the explanatory problem of nominalisation. The second part explores the relationship between thematic roles and control. Particularly close attention is paid to implicit arguments, arbitrary control and adverbs of quantification. A theory of control is presented which unifies obligatory and non-obligatory control. The theory of control, furthermore, generalises to account for the binding gaps in purposive clauses, tough movement constructions, infinitival clauses and other constructions which have typically been analysed as involving long-distance dependencies. This title will be of interest to students of linguistics.

Thematic Structure in Syntax

Williams starts by outlining a theory of the clause,specifically, of the distribution of Nominative Case and Tense. He then develops a formalism for the notion of"external argument" that is used throughout the rest of the book.

Thematic Structure in Syntax

Author: Edwin Williams

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262731065

Page: 266

View: 238

This important monograph summarizes, rethinks, and extends a decade of the author's work on therole assignments—the ways in which the roles implied by verbs of a given type play out in terms of position and other syntactic functions. The study of theta roles and the locality of theta-role assignment leads into many interesting areas of linguistic theory, such as scope, the ECP, X-bar theory, binding theory, and the weak crossover condition; Williams's reconstruction thus offers a systematic integration of a remarkably wide range of syntactic phenomena. Williams starts by outlining a theory of the clause,specifically, of the distribution of Nominative Case and Tense. He then develops a formalism for the notion of"external argument" that is used throughout the rest of the book. Subsequent chapters review the issues surrounding the syntactic expression of the subject-predicate relationship, extend the notion of external argument to include NP movement, and reanalyze the verb movement constructions as deriving from the calculus of theta roles rather than movement. The last chapter distinguishes referential dependence and coreference, showing that a general Leftness condition governs the former, while the binding theory restated in terms of theta relations governs the latter. Edwin Williams is Professor of Linguistics at Princeton University.

The Syntax of Aspect Deriving Thematic and Aspectual Interpretation

This book investigates the way grammar deals with the representation of aspectual (aktionsart) concepts, focussing on issues of the lexicon-syntax interface.

The Syntax of Aspect   Deriving Thematic and Aspectual Interpretation

Author: Nomi Erteschik-Shir

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191535697

Page: 336

View: 652

This book investigates the way grammar deals with the representation of aspectual (aktionsart) concepts, focussing on issues of the lexicon-syntax interface. The authors' innovative analyses of this interface significantly advance our understanding of the role that syntax plays in determining verbal meaning, aspectual interpretation, and thematic information.Various theories are developed in this collection, including those that take as their starting point the lexical-syntactic framework of Hale and Keyser, prominent among which is the chapter by Hale and Keyser themselves.By examining different phenomena in a cross-linguistic perspective, this book develops insights into the general theoretical question of universal grammar and acquisition as well as into the specific nature of the lexicon-syntax interface. It is a major contribution to modern syntactic theory.

A Two Tiered Theory of Control

Topics in the syntax and semantics of infinitives and gerunds. Doctoral
dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Chierchia, Gennaro. 1989.
Structured meanings, thematic roles and control. In Properties, types and
meanings II, ed. by ...

A Two Tiered Theory of Control

Author: Idan Landau

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262028859

Page: 128

View: 967

A theory of control, equally grounded in syntax and semantics, that argues that obligatory control is achieved either through predication or through logophoric anchoring.

Predicates and Their Subjects

The second half of the book extends the theory of predication to cover copular constructions; it includes an account of the structure of small clauses in Hebrew, of the use of `be' in predicative and identity sentences in English, and ...

Predicates and Their Subjects

Author: Susan Rothstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401006903

Page: 352

View: 199

Predicates and their Subjects is an in-depth study of the syntax-semantics interface focusing on the structure of the subject-predicate relation. Starting from where the author's 1983 dissertation left off, the book argues that there is syntactic constraint that clauses (small and tensed) are constructed out of a one-place unsaturated expression, the predicate, which must be applied to a syntactic argument, its subject. The author shows that this predication relation cannot be reduced to a thematic relation or a projection of argument structure, but must be a purely syntactic constraint. Chapters in the book show how the syntactic predication relation is semantically interpreted, and how the predication relation explains constraints on DP-raising and on the distribution of pleonastics in English. The second half of the book extends the theory of predication to cover copular constructions; it includes an account of the structure of small clauses in Hebrew, of the use of `be' in predicative and identity sentences in English, and concludes with a study of the meaning of the verb `be'.

Arguments in Syntax and Semantics

A guide to the relations between a predicate and its arguments, for researchers and advanced students in linguistics.

Arguments in Syntax and Semantics

Author: Alexander Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521190967

Page: 393

View: 416

A guide to the relations between a predicate and its arguments, for researchers and advanced students in linguistics. Engages foundational issues in both syntax and semantics, with attention to the correspondence between structure at the two levels. Chapters include discussion questions and suggestions for further reading.

Flexible Syntax

Neeleman and Weerman take issue with this view, arguing for a more flexible approach on the basis of conceptual considerations and data taken mostly, but not exclusively, from the Germanic languages.

Flexible Syntax

Author: A. Neeleman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401142890

Page: 253

View: 267

Most linguistic theories assume that each grammatical relation is established in a unique structural configuration. Neeleman and Weerman take issue with this view, arguing for a more flexible approach on the basis of conceptual considerations and data taken mostly, but not exclusively, from the Germanic languages. In-depth analyses of word order phenomena as well as diachronic and typological generalizations motivate a re-evaluation of the role of case in the projection of arguments. Case is shown to provide a syntactic foothold for thematic interpretation, something which is necessary in a grammar that does not allow fixed theta-positions. Thus, this study does not only offer a genuine alternative to many standard assumptions, it also explains why there should be such a thing as case in natural language.

Thematic Structure

According to the lexicalist hypothesis, such verbs ought to be formed in the
lexicon, and enter the syntax as atoms. ... the dress to shreds VER-cut' The
ungrammaticality of these examples is thus surprising, certainly in view of the fact
that the intended interpretation is no doubt coherent. ... Yet, Aspect and Theta
Theory 165 4.

Thematic Structure

Author: Iggy M. Roca

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110872617

Page: 338

View: 384

Theta Theory

The book is of interest for students and scholars of lexical semantics, for descriptive German linguistics, and for linguists concerned with the development of the Minimalist Program.

Theta Theory

Author: Martin Haiden

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110197472

Page: 308

View: 914

Theta Theory explores the lexicon as an interface in the strict sense, as facilitating the flow of information between cognition and the computational system of language. It argues for the traditional concept of a listed lexicon, where semantic roles are encoded as features of verbs, and against event decomposition. Part one of the book discusses the link between cognition and the lexicon. Mainstream theories of lexical semantics are critically reviewed. Furthermore, this part provides an extensive description of the relevant data in German, including agentivity, causation, psychological predicates, and different types of diathesis alternations. Part two is devoted to the link between the lexicon and syntax. It develops a parallel model of grammatical derivation, which allows the formulation of robust generalizations over thematic role assignment, but at the same time acknowledges the relevance of other components, in particular morpho-phonology and narrow syntax. The theory is applied to a wide range of German constructions including modal infinitives, the present and gerundive participle, the past/passive/adjectival participle, verbal particles, auxiliary selection, and unaccusatives/reflexives. The book is of interest for students and scholars of lexical semantics, for descriptive German linguistics, and for linguists concerned with the development of the Minimalist Program.

Semantic Role Universals and Argument Linking

This volume brings together insights from these different perspectives and thereby, for the first time, seeks to build upon the obvious potential for cross-fertilisation between hitherto autonomous approaches to a common theme.

Semantic Role Universals and Argument Linking

Author: Ina Bornkessel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110219271

Page: 371

View: 739

The concept of semantic roles has been central to linguistic theory for many decades. More specifically, the assumption of such representations as mediators in the correspondence between a linguistic form and its associated meaning has helped to address a number of critical issues related to grammatical phenomena. Furthermore, in addition to featuring in all major theories of grammar, semantic (or 'thematic') roles have been referred to extensively within a wide range of other linguistic subdisciplines, including language typology and psycho-/neurolinguistics. This volume brings together insights from these different perspectives and thereby, for the first time, seeks to build upon the obvious potential for cross-fertilisation between hitherto autonomous approaches to a common theme. To this end, a view on semantic roles is adopted that goes beyond the mere assumption of generalised roles, but also focuses on their hierarchical organisation. The book is thus centred around the interdisciplinary examination of how these hierarchical dependencies subserve argument linking - both in terms of linguistic theory and with respect to real-time language processing - and how they interact with other information types in this process. Furthermore, the contributions examine the interaction between the role hierarchy and the conceptual content of (generalised) semantic roles and investigate their cross-linguistic applicability and psychological reality, as well as their explanatory potential in accounting for phenomena in the domain of language disorders. In bridging the gap between different disciplines, the book provides a valuable overview of current thought on semantic roles and argument linking, and may further serve as a point of departure for future interdisciplinary research in this area. As such, it will be of interest to scientists and advanced students in all domains of linguistics and cognitive science.

Semantic Structures

Semantic Structures is a large-scale study of conceptual structure and its lexical and syntactic expression in English that builds on the system of Conceptual Semantics described in Ray Jackendoff's earlier books Semantics and Cognition and ...

Semantic Structures

Author: Ray Jackendoff

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262600200

Page: 322

View: 634

Semantic Structures is a large-scale study of conceptual structure and its lexical and syntactic expression in English that builds on the system of Conceptual Semantics described in Ray Jackendoff's earlier books Semantics and Cognition and Consciousness and the Computational Mind.Jackendoff summarizes the relevant arguments in his two previous books, setting out the basic parameters for the formalization of meaning, and comparing his mentalistic approach with Fodor's Language of Thought hypothesis. He then takes up the Problem of Meaning, extending the range of semantic fields encompassed by the Conceptual Semantics formalism, and the Problem of Correspondence, formalizing the relation between semantic and syntactic structure. Both of these problems must be fully addressed in order to develop a general theory of language that is concerned with syntax and semantics and their points of connection.Few books on lexical semantics present such a comprehensive analysis of such a wide range of phenomena from a unified perspective. Besides discussing the conceptual structures of hundreds of words and constructions, Jackendoff extends and deepens the theory to come to grips with such crucial issues as &Θ-roles and &Θ-marking; arguments, modifiers, and adjuncts; binding and control; and the thematic linking hierarchy.Ray Jackendoff is Chairman of the Program in Linguistics and Cognitive Science at Brandeis University.

English Linguistics

Clark , Robin ( 1990 ) Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation , Routledge ,
London . Croft , William ( 1991 ) Syntactic Categories and Grammatical Relations
, The University of Chicago Press , Chicago . Di Sciullo , Anna Maria and Edwin ...

English Linguistics

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 867

The End of Argument Structure

Includes papers that explore the issues and re-assess generally accepted premises on the relationship between lexical meaning and the morphosyntax of sentences by confronting two competing approaches to this issue.

The End of Argument Structure

Author: Maria Cristina Cuervo

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 1780523769

Page: 299

View: 429

Includes papers that explore the issues and re-assess generally accepted premises on the relationship between lexical meaning and the morphosyntax of sentences by confronting two competing approaches to this issue.

Properties Types and Meaning

Let me begin asking what a thematic role system is by stating two things that it is
not. ... label, so that one can rearrange them at will, but nevertheless a theory in
which use of the labels “Agent”, “Theme”, “Goal,” etc. implies no semantic
commitment at all (i.e. a theory which implies none beyond the necessary but
minimal task of distinguishing one argument from another in the syntax that is
interpreted).

Properties  Types and Meaning

Author: G. Chierchia

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400927231

Page: 307

View: 197

This collection of papers stems originally from a conference on Property Theory, Type Theory and Semantics held in Amherst on March 13-16 1986. The conference brought together logicians, philosophers, com puter scientists and linguists who had been working on these issues (of ten in isolation from one another). Our intent was to boost debate and exchange of ideas on these fundamental issues at a time of rapid change in semantics and cognitive science. The papers published in this work have evolved substantially since their original presentation at the conference. Given their scope, we thought it convenient to divide the work into two volumes. The first deals primarily with logical and philosophical foundations, the second with more empirical semantic issues. While there is a common set of issues tying the two volumes together, they are both self-contained and can be read independently of one another. Two of the papers in the present collection (van Benthem in volume 1 and Chierchia in volume II) were not actually read at the conference. They are nevertheless included here for their direct relevance to the topics of the volumes. Regrettably, some of the papers that were presented (Feferman, Klein, and Plotkin) could not be included in the present work due to timing problems. We nevertheless thank the authors for their contribu tion in terms of ideas and participation in the debate.

Projections and Interface Conditions

We will say that a theory of the thematic structure of sentences is strictly
configurational if every thematic role distinction is ... Strict Thematic
Configurationality therefore implies an isomorphism between thematic relations
and equivalence classes of positions in syntactic structures." Thus ... More
specifically, meaning or interpretation in respect to these aspects must be a
function of category type (functional ...

Projections and Interface Conditions

Author: Anna-Maria Di Sciullo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195355888

Page: 272

View: 710

This collection of previously unpublished papers explores the implications of Chomsky's "Minimalist" framework for the modularity of grammar, which simplifies the "modular" approach he took in his Government and Binding theory of grammar. According to this theory autonomous grammatical components (phonological, syntactic, morphological, and semantic) coexist and interact like building blocks, using a given set of principles at given levels of representation. Chomsky's assertions have sparked a great deal of theoretical debate, especially with regard to the nature and interaction of each of the building blocks. The contributors to this volume join the debate in a series of case studies that compare modularity in English, French, and Italian, among other languages. In the process they address such issues as the autonomy and applications of modules and their distribution in theory, as well as the role of functional projects in their derivations. Projections and Interface Conditions will interest researchers in any of the above mentioned languages, as well as the large number of linguists working in the Chomskyan tradition.

The Linguistic Review

Moreover , it was argued that the former type of complements are interpreted with
universal modality , whereas the latter with ... Topics in the syntax and semantics
of infinitives and gerunds . ... Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation .

The Linguistic Review

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 929

Icelandic Morphosyntax and Argument Structure

Lexical and thematic interpretation, as commonly understood, are post-syntactic;
the syntax underdetermines semantic interpretation in a way similar to how it
underdetermines morphophonology in late-insertion theories like Distributed ...

Icelandic Morphosyntax and Argument Structure

Author: Jim Wood

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319091387

Page: 316

View: 765

This book provides a detailed study of Icelandic argument structure alternations within a syntactic theory of argument structure. Building on recent theorizing within the Minimalist Program and Distributed Morphology, the author proposes that much of what is traditionally attributed to syntax should be relegated to the interfaces, and adapts the late insertion theory of morphology to semantics. The resulting system forms sound-meaning pairs by generating hierarchical structures that can be translated into morphological representations, on the one hand, and semantic representations, on the other. The syntactic primitives, however, underdetermine both morphophonology and semantics. Without appealing to special stipulations, the theory derives constraints on the external argument of causative-alternation verbs, interpretive restrictions on nominative objects, and the optionally agentive interpretation of verbs denoting self-directed motion.

Deriving Syntactic Relations

This book proposes that the fundamental building blocks of syntax are relations between words rather than constituents formed from words.

Deriving Syntactic Relations

Author: John Bowers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107096758

Page: 300

View: 320

This book proposes that the fundamental building blocks of syntax are relations between words rather than constituents formed from words.

Process

Theories that make use of thematic roles target the interpretation of any noun
phrase (NP) in a sentence, according to its syntactic position (thematic hierarchy,
e.g. Fillmore, 1968; Grimshaw, 1990; Jackendoff, 1990), its general semantic ...

Process

Author: Sam Featherston

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110216140

Page: 279

View: 708

The contributions to The Fruits of Empirical Linguistics. Volume 1: Process reveal why the data-driven approach makes for a research environment which is fast-moving and democratic: technological change has made the sources of linguistic data readily accessible. These contributions show the methods both professional and student linguists are using to gather more evidence more easily than before.

WCCFL 18

Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation . Routledge , London . Dowty ,
David . 1985. On Recent Analyses of the Semantics of Control . Linguistics and
Philosophy 8 , 291-331 . Faraci , Robert . 1974. Aspects of the Grammar of
Infinitives ...

WCCFL 18

Author: West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781574731231

Page: 645

View: 358

This proceedings contains contains 48 papers presented at the 1999 conference at the University of Arizona, focusing on phonetics, phonology, syntax, and semantics.