The Challenge of Stability and Security in West Africa

Thousands of urban youth—mostly frustrated and unemployed excombatants—
rioted in Liberia in 2004 following the end of the civil war. ... the formal sector,
despite the fact that youth increasingly look toward the informal sector for
livelihood opportunities (Fraser and Hilker 2009). ... The example of young
Ghanaians and Malians seeking alternative pathways to adulthood reveals the
capacity of young ...

The Challenge of Stability and Security in West Africa

Author: Alexandre Marc

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464804656

Page: 212

View: 417

Since independence, the West African sub-region has been an arena for a number of large-scale conflicts and civil wars, as well as simmering and low-intensity uprisings. Contrary to perceptions, West Africa in its post-independence history has experienced fewer conflict events and fatalities from conflict than the other sub-regions on the continent. The turn of the millennium has witnessed the recession of large-scale and conventional conflict, and it has ushered in new and emerging threats. The specters of religious extremism, maritime piracy, and narcotics trafficking threaten to undermine some of the progress achieved in recent years. The Challenge of Stability and Security in West Africa critically examines the key drivers of conflict and violence, and the way in which they impact the countries of the sub-region. In addition to emerging threats, these drivers include the challenges of youth inclusion, migration, sub-regional imbalances, and extractives, as well as challenges related to the fragility of political institutions and managing the competition for power, reform of the security sector, and weakness of institutions related to land management. The book explores how the sub-region, under the auspices of the regional organization ECOWAS, has become a pioneer on the continent in terms of addressing regional challenges. The Challenge of Stability and Security in West Africa also identifies key lessons in the dynamics of resilience in the face of political violence and civil war drawn from CÃ ́te d'Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, that can be useful for countries around the world in similar situations. It incorporates knowledge and findings from leading experts and provides insights from academics and development practitioners. Finally, the book identifies possible policy and programmatic responses and directions for policy dialogue at the national and international levels.

U S Immigration and Education

Cultural and Policy Issues Across the Lifespan Elena L. Grigorenko, PhD ... draw
immigrants to the destination country, include the desire for higher education and
better opportunities for their children (U.S. Census Bureau, 2009). Academic
pathways Because the resources required to travel to the United States from
Africa are so great, it is mostly ... For African immigrant youth and families who
have settled in smaller towns or rural areas where community organizations for
Africans are ...

U S  Immigration and Education

Author: Elena L. Grigorenko, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826111084

Page: 408

View: 697

This handbook helps readers to both understand and craft policies to aid the successful acculturation of immigrants in the US. It is an excellent road map for researchers in immigration and education, as well as educational and developmental psychologists, sociologists, economists, and public policy makers. An immigrant from Russia, Dr. Grigorenko weaves her first-hand experiences and strategies into this unique text. It encompasses all available research on immigration and acculturation, from new information on bilingual education to studies of low-skill versus high-skill workers. Key Topics: Immigration and America: current snapshot of US immigration policy and a demographic profile Immigration and education: Pre-K though grade12, higher, and adult education, and the labor market Immigration and incorporation into society: Implications for human development, health, and policy

Youth in Conflict and Peacebuilding

... is entitled Processes of Mobilization discusses how a range of factors
motivates youth engagement pathways in conflict. ... or classes as has been the
case in West Africa, Nepal, Palestine, Philippines, India, Kosovo, Bosnia among
other cases. ... The issues of voluntary and coercive recruitment and what they
mean in different contexts are the main parameters of ... It investigates the
different opportunities and trajectories of reintegration that are provided to youth
ex-combatants in ...

Youth in Conflict and Peacebuilding

Author: A. Özerdem

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137314532

Page: 274

View: 564

This study investigates the role of youth in peacebuilding, and addresses the failure of states and existing research to recognise youths as political actors, which can result in their contribution to peacebuilding being ignored.

University Pathway Programs Local Responses within a Growing Global Trend

... the perceived educational challenges of African students from refugee
backgrounds in higher education (Harris and Marlowe 2011). ... Universities are,
therefore, invited to consider the opportunities available for African families to
develop a greater ... For example, universities could establish 'experience days'
in which African youth and their families are invited to ... This program, in
partnership with 10 high schools in West and South West Sydney, involves
university students as ...

University Pathway Programs  Local Responses within a Growing Global Trend

Author: Cintia Inés Agosti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331972505X

Page: 285

View: 811

This volume is the first to compile the insights of experienced and informed education researchers and practitioners involved in the delivery of university pathway programs. These programs have emerged as effective responses to global, national and local students’ needs when transitioning to Higher Education. The book opens with an overview of the main drivers for the development of university pathway programs, and a description of the main characteristics of such programs, as well as of the different types of programs available. It examines topics such as the way in which policy and governance issues at the institutional, state, and federal level affect university pathway programs’ financial models, compliance and quality assurance mechanisms as well as program provision. It also looks at how to address issues related to 'non-traditional' background students such as those from lower socioeconomic background, students for whom English is an additional language (EAL), indigenous students, mature age students and humanitarian entrants. The volume showcases thirteen university pathway programs offered in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Qatar, and the United Kingdom. These examples provide valuable insights that will help guide future practice in the field as the programs described effectively foster and support the development of students’ academic literacies, study skills and awareness of the socio-cultural norms that are necessary to participate successfully in higher education settings. In reporting the strategies to overcome challenges in the areas of curriculum development and implementation, of equity, inclusion and participation, of cross-sector collaboration and of student welfare, the volume promotes reflection on these issues and, therefore, better equips those education practitioners embarking on the university pathway program journey.

Trafficked Children and Youth in the United States

GoZdziak, “On Challenges, Dilemmas, and Opportunities in Studying Trafficked
Children,” Anthropology Quarterly 81, no. ... See also Rachel Stryker and Roberto
Gonzalez, eds., Up, Down, and Sideways: Anthropologists Trace the Pathways of
Power (Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2014). ... Erdmute Alber, Jeannett Martin, and
Catrien Notermans, eds., Child Fostering in West Africa: New Perspectives on ...

Trafficked Children and Youth in the United States

Author: Elzbieta M. Gozdziak

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813575699

Page: 194

View: 908

Trafficked children are portrayed by the media—and even by child welfare specialists—as hapless victims who are forced to migrate from a poor country to the United States, where they serve as sex slaves. But as Elzbieta M. Gozdziak reveals in Trafficked Children in the United States, the picture is far more complex. Basing her observations on research with 140 children, most of them girls, from countries all over the globe, Gozdziak debunks many myths and uncovers the realities of the captivity, rescue, and rehabilitation of trafficked children. She shows, for instance, that none of the girls and boys portrayed in this book were kidnapped or physically forced to accompany their traffickers. In many instances, parents, or smugglers paid by family members, brought the girls to the U.S. Without exception, the girls and boys in this study believed they were coming to the States to find employment and in some cases educational opportunities. Following them from the time they were trafficked to their years as young adults, Gozdziak gives the children a voice so they can offer their own perspective on rebuilding their lives—getting jobs, learning English, developing friendships, and finding love. Gozdziak looks too at how the children’s perspectives compare to the ideas of child welfare programs, noting that the children focus on survival techniques while the institutions focus, not helpfully, on vulnerability and pathology. Gozdziak concludes that the services provided by institutions are in effect a one-size-fits-all, trauma-based model, one that ignores the diversity of experience among trafficked children. Breaking new ground, Trafficked Children in the United States offers a fresh take on what matters most to these young people as they rebuild their lives in America.

Handbook for Working with Children and Youth

Pathways to Resilience Across Cultures and Contexts Michael Ungar.
RESILIENCE IN THE PALESTINIAN OCCUPIED TERRITORIES RESILIENCY
AND YOUNG AFRICAN CANADIAN MALES ... health of children and adults in
the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT includes the West Bank, Gaza, and
East-Jerusalem). ... of youth, providing them opportunities for meaningful
participation in their communities, as it is the individual qualities each youth has
when confronting adversity.

Handbook for Working with Children and Youth

Author: Michael Ungar

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452214654

Page: 552

View: 438

The Handbook For Working With Children & Youth: Pathways To Resilience Across Cultures and Contexts examines lives lived well despite adversity. Calling upon some of the most progressive thinkers in the field, it presents a groundbreaking collection of original writing on the theories, methods of study, and interventions to promote resilience. Unlike other works that have left largely unquestioned their own culture-bound interpretations of the ways children and youth survive and thrive, this volume explores the multiple paths children follow to health and well-being in diverse national and international settings. It demonstrates the connection between social and political health resources and addresses the more immediate concerns of how those who care for children create the physical, emotional, and spiritual environments in which resilience is nurtured.

Development Challenges South South Solutions April 2014 Issue

... Eurasia Istanbul, Turkey (28-30 September 2014) Shaping New Pathways to
Development and Growth Istanbul sits at the intersection ... These shared efforts
are critical for Europe's drive to close its competitiveness divide, North Africa's
complex transitions and ... Global Youth Economic Opportunities Conference
Washington, D.C., USA (6-8 October 2014) Making Cents ... Fresh thinking can
be found in every direction, in emerging geographies as well as in the western
hemisphere.

Development Challenges  South South Solutions  April 2014 Issue

Author: David South, Writer

Publisher: DSConsulting

ISBN:

Page: 23

View: 738

Development Challenges, South-South Solutions is the monthly e-newsletter of the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation in UNDP (www.southerninnovator.org). It has been published every month since 2006. Its sister publication, Southern Innovator magazine, has been published since 2011. ISSN 2227-3905 Stories by David South UN Office for South-South Cooperation Contact the Office to receive a copy of the new global magazine Southern Innovator. Issues 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are out now and are about innovators in mobile phones and information technology, youth and entrepreneurship, agribusiness and food security, cities and urbanization and waste and recycling. Why not consider sponsoring or advertising in an issue of Southern Innovator? Or work with us on an insert or supplement of interest to our readers? Follow @SouthSouth1. In this issue: Cheap Paper Microscope to Boost Fight Against Diseases Asian Factories Starting to go Green Reality Television Teaches Business Skills in Sudan Popular Chinese Social Media Chase New Markets The BRCK: Kenyan-Developed Solution to Boost Internet Access

Development Challenges South South Solutions July 2014 Issue

Website: http://www.whitehouse.gov/us-africa-leaders-summit ... Turkey (28-30
September 2014) Shaping New Pathways to Development and Growth Istanbul
sits at the intersection of globally important regions and cultures ... Global Youth
Economic Opportunities Conference Washington, D.C., USA (6-8 October 2014)
Making Cents International is thrilled to announce the ... Fresh thinking can be
found in every direction, in emerging geographies as well as in the western
hemisphere.

Development Challenges  South South Solutions  July 2014 Issue

Author: David South, Writer

Publisher: DSConsulting

ISBN:

Page: 23

View: 808

Development Challenges, South-South Solutions is the monthly e-newsletter of the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation in UNDP (www.southerninnovator.org). It has been published every month since 2006. Its sister publication, Southern Innovator magazine, has been published since 2011. ISSN 2227-3905 Stories by David South UN Office for South-South Cooperation Contact the Office to receive a copy of the new global magazine Southern Innovator. Issues 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are out now and are about innovators in mobile phones and information technology, youth and entrepreneurship, agribusiness and food security, cities and urbanization and waste and recycling. Why not consider sponsoring or advertising in an issue of Southern Innovator? Or work with us on an insert or supplement of interest to our readers? Follow @SouthSouth1. In this issue: 3D Home Printing Landmark: 10 Houses in a Day Old Boats Become New Furniture in Senegal Innovative Solutions Celebrated in Ashden Awards Innovative Ways to Collect Water from Air

Development Challenges South South Solutions May 2014 Issue

... Eurasia Istanbul, Turkey (28-30 September 2014) Shaping New Pathways to
Development and Growth Istanbul sits at the intersection ... These shared efforts
are critical for Europe's drive to close its competitiveness divide, North Africa's
complex transitions and ... Global Youth Economic Opportunities Conference
Washington, D.C., USA (6-8 October 2014) Making Cents ... Fresh thinking can
be found in every direction, in emerging geographies as well as in the western
hemisphere.

Development Challenges  South South Solutions  May 2014 Issue

Author: David South, Writer

Publisher: DSConsulting

ISBN:

Page: 23

View: 804

Development Challenges, South-South Solutions is the monthly e-newsletter of the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation in UNDP (www.southerninnovator.org). It has been published every month since 2006. Its sister publication, Southern Innovator magazine, has been published since 2011.