Imagine, for instance, a doctor diagnoses a patient by (secretly) tossing a coin,
thus leading the patient to form a particular belief about what is wrong with her.
Suppose further that this diagnosis is, as it happens, correct. Clearly the doctor
Author: Duncan Pritchard
What is knowledge? Where does it come from? What kinds of knowledge are there? Can we know anything at all? This lucid and engaging introduction grapples with these central questions in the theory of knowledge, offering a clear, non-partisan view of the main themes of epistemology. Both traditional issues and contemporary ideas are discussed in sixteen easily digestible chapters, each of which conclude with a useful summary of the main ideas discussed, study questions, annotated further reading and a guide to internet resources. Each chapter also features text boxes providing bite-sized summaries of key concepts and major philosophers, and clear and interesting examples are used throughout. The book concludes with an annotated guide to general introductions to epistemology, a glossary of key terms, and a summary of the main examples used in epistemology, This an ideal first textbook in the theory of knowledge for undergraduates coming to philosophy for the first time. The third edition has been revised and updated throughout and features two new chapters, on religious knowledge and scientific knowledge, as part of a whole new section on what kinds of knowledge there are. In addition, the text as a whole has been refreshed to keep it up to date with current developments.
So, What Is This Thing Called Language? Illustrating how it is used in different ways and in varied contexts, this book offers a thought-provoking and entertaining guide through the mysteries of language.
Author: David Nunan
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Language is a complex and ever-evolving phenomenon, but it is one that deeply defines us all. So, What Is This Thing Called Language? Illustrating how it is used in different ways and in varied contexts, this book offers a thought-provoking and entertaining guide through the mysteries of language. The new edition: – Explores the basics of the language systems of sounds, vocabulary and grammar – Explains a basic framework of linguistics and language analysis Examines the written and spoken word in a range of different languages – Uses intriguing anecdotes and interesting examples to unpack complex ideas – Offers study-friendly features, including reflective questions, further reading suggestions as well as glossaries of linguistic terminology and key linguists With new and expanded material on a range of topics, from language variation and culture to second language acquisition and bilingualism, this is an 'un-put-down-able' introduction for all students of language and linguistics.
No one who reads this book will be inexperienced in ethical thinking. People
spend their lives talking and thinking about what to do, what to think, how to react.
Sometimes ethics is treated as a bit of a specialised subject: for instance, where
Author: Christopher Bennett
What is morality? How do we define what is right and wrong? How does moral theory help us deal with ethical issues in the world around us? This second edition provides an engaging and stimulating introduction to philosophical thinking about morality. Christopher Bennett provides the reader with accessible examples of contemporary and relevant ethical problems, before looking at the main theoretical approaches and key philosophers associated with them. Topics covered include: life and death issues such as abortion and global poverty; the meaning of life; whether life is sacred and which lives matter; major moral theories such as utilitarianism, Kantian ethics and virtue ethics; critiques of morality from Marx and Nietzsche. What is this Thing Called Ethics? has been thoroughly revised and updated throughout, with a new final chapter on meta-ethics. With boxed case studies, discussion questions and further reading included within each chapter this textbook is the ideal introduction to ethics for philosophy students coming to the subject for the first time.
have not mastered that idea. Concert composers must accept the fact that a
rhythm section is part of the sound in a very different way than anything in
European music; but they settle for corny syncopations, which only partly suggest
the range ...
Author: Batt Johnson
There is no better authority on jazz than the creators, educators, and writers who have made this enigmatic musical style a major force internationally as well as in American history. The answer to the question what is jazz? is as complex and diverse as those involved in it. This book takes the question to noted musicians, scholars, and composers, creating a documentary style of oral history that makes you feel as if you are actually in the room as they put the sounds they know as music into words. The ideas from these authentic, personal voices of authority provide a unique perspective that will enlighten the novice and stimulate the professional. Ron Carter, Bassist-Because they are improvising does not necessarily mean that it is jazz Buddy Rich,Drums-Trane to Bird, Diz to Miles, all in the family of jazz, just different children. Ray Charles, Singer/Pianist-Jazz is the freedom to do what you want within the confines of the chord structure. Milt Jackson, Vibraphonist-"The era of bebop represents jazz to me. Chet Baker, Trumpet-Paris Jazz is a hard swinging rhythm section with everybody playing with the same time feeling.
All we need to do is confront the world before us and record what is there to be
seen. I can establish that there is a lamp on my desk or that my pencil is yellow
simply by noting what is before my eyes. Such a view can be backed up by a
Author: Alan F. Chalmers
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
Co-published with the University of Queensland Press. HPC holds rights in North America and U. S. Dependencies. Since its first publication in 1976, Alan Chalmers's highly regarded and widely read work--translated into eighteen languages--has become a classic introduction to the scientific method, known for its accessibility to beginners and its value as a resource for advanced students and scholars. In addition to overall improvements and updates inspired by Chalmers's experience as a teacher, comments from his readers, and recent developments in the field, this fourth edition features an extensive chapter-long postscript that draws on his research into the history of atomism to illustrate important themes in the philosophy of science. Identifying the qualitative difference between knowledge of atoms as it figures in contemporary science and metaphysical speculations about atoms common in philosophy since the time of Democritus offers a revealing and instructive way to address the question at the heart of this groundbreaking work: What is this thing called science?
Display the Inquiry Card What Is This? and distribute copies of What Is This? from
the Inquiry Handbook to students. 2. Have students look at the living organism
and make a list of observations with partners. Then, ask students the following ...
Publisher: Teacher Created Materials
Elaborate on the concept of biomes and ecosystems using this science inquiry card and lesson. Using vibrant, engaging images for science exploration allows all students to make connections and relate science concepts to new situations.
Existence gives rise to a host of distinctively philosophical questions that lie at the
heart of metaphysics. We need to distinguish the question 'What exists?' from the
question 'What is existence?'. Much of metaphysics is concerned with ...
Author: Brian Garrett
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Why is there something rather than nothing? Does God exist? Does time flow? What are we? Do we have free will? What is truth? Metaphysics is concerned with ourselves and reality, and the most fundamental questions regarding existence. This clear and accessible introduction covers the central topics in metaphysics in a concise but comprehensive way. Brian Garrett discusses the crucial concepts in a highly readable manner, easing the reader in with a look at some important philosophical problems. He addresses key areas of metaphysics: God Existence Modality Universals and particulars Facts Paradoxes of material constitution Causation Time Free will Personal identity Truth. This second edition has been thoroughly revised. Most chapters include substantial amounts of new material, and there are additional chapters on Existence, Modality, Facts and Paradoxes of Material Constitution. What is this thing called Metaphysics? contains many helpful student-friendly features. Each chapter concludes with a useful summary of the main ideas discussed, a glossary of important terms, study questions, annotated further reading, and a guide to web resources. Text boxes provide bite-sized summaries of key concepts and major philosophers, and clear and interesting examples are used throughout.
I especially want to emphasize some things that I have not even attempted to
establish. Richard Davidson has been doing a lot of empirical research into
what's going on in the brains of people who are in various emotional states.
Some of his ...
Author: Fred Feldman
Publisher: OUP Oxford
According to an ancient and still popular view — sometimes known as 'eudaimonism' — a person's well-being, or quality of life, is ultimately determined by his or her level of happiness. According to this view, the happier a person is, the better off he is. The doctrine is controversial in part because the nature of happiness is controversial. In What Is This Thing Called Happiness? Fred Feldman presents a study of the nature and value of happiness. Part One contains critical discussions of the main philosophical and psychological theories of happiness. Feldman presents arguments designed to show that each of these theories is problematic. Part Two contains his presentation and defense of his own theory of happiness, which is a form of attitudinal hedonism. On this view, a person's level of happiness may be identified with the extent to which he or she takes pleasure in things. Feldman shows that if we understand happiness as he proposes, it becomes reasonable to suppose that a person's well-being is determined by his or her level of happiness. This view has important implications not only for moral philosophy, but also for the emerging field of hedonic psychology. Part Three contains discussions of some interactions between the proposed theory of happiness and empirical research into happiness.
A. A cow clamper, to clamp the cow's mouth closed to avoid a bite when milking
C. A dentist's tool to hold the mouth open while pulling a tooth A lady of fashion
would buy a size five shoe. B. A stretcher for tight shoes In the 1880s tiny feet
Author: Nancy Polette
Publisher: Pieces of Learning
Presents information about things used in everyday life at home and work in the 1800s.
must mean to recognize, appreciate, or understand the significance of the
Kingdom...This blindness was also characteristic of men and women who have
been given to religious life. In all their doing there is little seeing. (3) Man is
Author: Dr. Tim J. Zemanek
I believe in a biblical salvation in which Jesus told His disciples not to fight with swords but with faith. It is my desire to help people understand the simplicity of this GREAT SALVATION and how it is applied in day-to-day life.
One of the attractions for Chantal was that this was real love, with a mature man,
who was enthralled with her but did not need to live with her. Brad, whom she
had known since university, seemed to be a boy by comparison. The secrecy of ...
Author: Sarah Fels Usher
What is This Thing Called Love? provides a clear how-to guide for carrying out psychotherapy with couples from a psychoanalytic perspective. The book draws on both early and contemporary psychoanalytic knowledge, explaining how each theory described is useful in formulating couple dynamics and in working with them. The result is an extremely practical approach, with detailed step-by-step instructions on technique, illuminated throughout by vivid case studies. The book focuses on several key areas including: An initial discussion about theories of love. Progression of therapy from beginning to termination. Transference and countertransference and their unique manifestations in couples therapy. Comparisons between couples therapy and individual therapy. Step-by-step instruction on technique. What is This Thing Called Love? is enlivened with humour and humanness. It is crucial reading for psychoanalytic therapists, psychologists, psychiatrists, couples therapists and students who want to learn about--or augment their skills in--this challenging modality.
Most beginning students are baffled by the philosophy of language — in a way
that they are not by moral philosophy, political philosophy or epistemology. Like
learning to surf or to ski, they find it excruciatingly difficult to find their feet with the
Author: Gary Kemp
Philosophy of language explores some of the fundamental yet most technical problems in philosophy, such as meaning and reference, semantics, and propositional attitudes. Some of its greatest exponents, such as Gottlob Frege, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell are amongst the major figures in the history of philosophy. In this clear and carefully structured introduction to the subject Gary Kemp explains the following key topics: the basic nature of philosophy of language and its historical development early arguments concerning the role of meaning, including cognitive meaning vs expressivism, context and compositionality Frege's arguments concerning sense and reference; non-existent objects Russell and the theory of definite descriptions modern theories including Kripke and Putnam; arguments concerning necessity, analyticity and natural kind terms indexicality, context and modality. What are indexicals? Davidson's theory of language and the 'principle of charity' propositional attitudes Quine's naturalism and its consequences for philosophy of language. Additional features such as chapter summaries, annotated further reading and a glossary make this an indispensable introduction to those teaching philosophy of language and will be particularly useful for those coming to the subject for the first time.
This part of the book is a theory regarding why religious and spiritual anomalies
exist; it is the history associated with, what I call, the five “great” corruptions that
covers the historical period from the time of the Persian emperor, Cyrus the Great
Author: Rob Beasley
This book tackles that age old question of meaning and the Question of What is this thing called Go(o)d? by using the analogy of a tree. It first sets out to devise the seed of the research by giving some definitions of what the author thinks Go(o)d is. Or you might say Go(o)d's, reason for being. It's essence. Then the earliest sources of the Jesus story are examined. The roots. Finally, a big picture examination of history, the branches and canopy, reveals a theory with five related corruptions to the religious story.
Author: Dawn Tobin
You will enjoy this book. The cutest most adorable short story about a mothers game of pretend with her little girl.