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Author: Oliver Blau
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject History - Africa, grade: 1,3, University of Dusseldorf "Heinrich Heine", language: English, abstract: Women have always played a crucial part in Westafrica. In comparison with their African and European counterparts, they had emancipated themselves relatively early. In colonial times it was they who led the protests against colonial authorities. This paper is about the rise of the terrorist organization Boko Haram and women's role in this new conflict in post colonial Nigeria.
12.7 The Fate of Women in the Aftermath of Boko Haram and the Prospects of
Accountability 12.7.1 The Plight of Women ... there are more civilian casualty of
armed conflict than combatants, and given the traditional roles that women play
Author: John-Mark Iyi
This book focuses on Boko Haram and terrorism in Nigeria, framing the conflict in an international law context. It analyses the nature of political violence and the dominant roles of a violent nation-state (in both colonial and post-colonial experiences) and the rise of terrorism in Nigeria. The book unearths embedded evidence of religious nepotism on the part of state officials using such state institutions as Islamic Preaching Boards to promote one Islamic sect over another in mainly Muslim Northern Nigeria. The book offers insights into this subtle sectarian divide and how this and other ‘subterranean’ elements have contributed to the rise of Boko Haram in Northern Nigeria beyond the dominant poverty-terrorism nexus narrative. Furthermore, the book analyses the various components of Boko Haram’s radical ideology, situates them in Islamic Jurisprudence, and examines the philosophy of the group (both in doctrine and practice) – their interpretation of the Koran and the waging of Jihad, and the extent to which they conform to the Islamic Sect Boko Haram claims to follow. The book then examines the basic doctrinal features and characteristics of Boko Haram – waging Jihad, prohibiting revealing dresses for women and mixing of genders, rejecting western values and institutions, denouncing scientific inquiry and democracy, hostage taking, sexual exploitation of captives and other aspects of jus ad bellum and jus in bello in Islamic jurisprudence and international law. Finally, the book analyses the plight of vulnerable groups such as internally displaced persons, the atrocities committed against women and girls in the Boko Haram insurgency and the (in)ability of international law to enforce the protections offered to the victims. From the perspective of critical intellectual inquiry, the book also challenges a number of fundamental assumptions and encourages us to revisit our legal characterisation of certain concepts such as “gender-based crimes”. It then goes further to analyse some legal grey areas in the Boko Haram insurgency such as the legal status of the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF) and the legal framework for holding members accountable for violations of international human rights and humanitarian law. Overall, the book represents a valuable contribution to scholarship, deepens our understanding and delineates how international law could respond to the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria in particular and terrorism in Africa in general.
Thus, the chapter looks at the phenomenon of conflict in Nigeria from a religious
angle, while acknowledging religion has ... The author notes that, despite the
significance of women in Nigerian society and their apparent roles in maintaining
Author: Dele Babalola
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
This volume offers a comprehensive assessment of the problem of conflict and its methods of management in Nigeria’s contemporary democracy. It represents a compendium of resourceful studies provided by experts on conflict studies from various disciplines across the Social Sciences and Humanities. Such studies are very useful at this crucial point in Nigeria’s history as there are currently various national and international efforts to address the scourge of violent conflicts that have caused huge numbers of deaths and displacement of persons. The book will be of particular interest and use to conflict researchers, students, practitioners and government officials.
Although Davis states that 'For Boko Haram, the only operational role for women
is suicide-bombers' (2017: 107), Boko Haram might also have found places for
women in its ranks as actual leaders and fighters. Interviews with former Boko ...
Author: Jody M. Prescott
The gender-differentiated and more severe impacts of armed conflict upon women and girls are well recognised by the international community, as demonstrated by UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 on Women, Peace and Security and subsequent resolutions. Similarly, the development community has identified gender-differentiated impacts upon women and girls as a result of the effects of climate change. Current research and analysis has reached no consensus as to any causal relationship between climate change and armed conflict, but certain studies suggest an indirect linkage between climate change effects such as food insecurity and armed conflict. Little research has been conducted on the possible compounding effects that armed conflict and climate change might have on at-risk population groups such as women and girls. Armed Conflict, Women and Climate Change explores the intersection of these three areas and allows the reader to better understand how military organisations across the world need to be sensitive to these relationships to be most effective in civilian-centric operations in situations of humanitarian relief, peacekeeping and even armed conflict. This book examines strategy and military doctrine from NATO, the UK, US and Australia, and explores key issues such as displacement, food and energy insecurity, and male out-migration as well as current efforts to incorporate gender considerations in military activities and operations. This innovative book will be of great interest to students and scholars of international relations, international development, international security, sustainability, gender studies and law.
Women are also active agents in creating peace and in anti-war movements (
Cockburn 2012; Cohn 2013). ... A gender analysis of a conflict should take into
consideration existing gender roles and norms of ... During the period of active
insurgency by Boko Haram in Nigeria, thousands of women were kidnapped by
Author: Charity Butcher
This new textbook introduces key mechanisms and issues in international conflict management and engages students with a comprehensive interdisciplinary approach to mitigating, managing, and transforming international conflicts. The volume identifies key historical events and international agreements that have shaped and defined the field of international conflict management, as well as key dilemmas facing the field at this juncture. The first section provides an overview of key mechanisms for international conflict management, such as negotiation, mediation, nonviolent resistance, peacekeeping, peacebuilding, transitional justice, and reconciliation. The second section tackles important cross-cutting themes, such as technology, religion, the economy, refugees and migration, and the role of civil society, examining how these issues contribute to international conflicts and how they can be leveraged to help address such conflicts. Each chapter includes a brief historical overview of the evolution of the issue or mechanism, identifies key theoretical and practical debates, and includes case studies, discussion questions, website links, and suggested further reading for further study and engagement. By providing a mixture of theory and practical examples, this textbook provides students with the necessary background to navigate this interdisciplinary field. This volume will be of great interest to students of international conflict management, conflict resolution, peace studies, and international relations in general.
“Counter-Terrorism Committee: Addressing the Role of Women in Countering
Terrorism and Violent Extremism. ... Report of the UN High Commissioner for
Human Rights on Violations and Abuses Committed by Boko Haram and the
Impact on ...
Author: Fionnuala Ní Aoláin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Traditionally, much of the work studying war and conflict has focused on men. Men commonly appear as soldiers, commanders, casualties, and civilians. Women, by contrast, are invisible as combatants, and, when seen, are typically pictured as victims. The field of war and conflict studies is changing: more recently, scholars of war and conflict have paid increasing notice to men as a gendered category and given sizeable attention to women's multiple roles in conflict and post-conflict settings. The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict focuses on the multidimensionality of gender in conflict, yet it also prioritizes the experience of women, given both the changing nature of war and the historical de-emphasis on women's experiences. Today's wars are not staged encounters involving formal armies, but societal wars that operate at all levels, from house to village to city. Women are necessarily involved at each level. Operating from this basic intellectual foundation, the editors have arranged the volume into seven core sections: the theoretical foundations of the role of gender in violent conflicts; the sources for studying contemporary conflict; the conflicts themselves; the post-conflict process; institutions and actors; the challenges presented by the evolving nature of war; and, finally, a substantial set of case studies from across the globe. Genuinely comprehensive, this Handbook will not only serve as an authoritative overview of this massive topic, it will set the research agenda for years to come.
Drawing from a unique dataset compiled over a decade, this text examines why women join terrorist organizations and why groups choose to incorporate them into their structures and operations, covering both religious and ethno-nationalist ...
Author: Jessica Davis
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Drawing from a unique dataset compiled over a decade, this text examines why women join terrorist organizations and why groups choose to incorporate them into their structures and operations, covering both religious and ethno-nationalist-motivated terrorism and conflict.
This book explains what the role of Islam in female terrorism is.
Author: Christine Sixta Rinehart
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
This book explains what the role of Islam in female terrorism is. Through the analysis of eight Jihadist terrorist group case studies, the book argues that the three roles of women can be defined as: the disposable, the domestic, and the secretary.
This is an accessible and timely work that will be a useful introduction to another side of contemporary conflict.
Author: Jessica Trisko Darden
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
Why do women go to war? Despite the reality that female combatants exist the world over, we still know relatively little about who these women are, what motivates them to take up arms, how they are utilized by armed groups, and what happens to them when war ends. This book uses three case studies to explore variation in women’s participation in nonstate armed groups in a range of contemporary political and social contexts: the civil war in Ukraine, the conflicts involving Kurdish groups in the Middle East, and the civil war in Colombia. In particular, the authors examine three important aspects of women’s participation in armed groups: mobilization, participation in combat, and conflict cessation. In doing so, they shed light on women’s pathways into and out of nonstate armed groups. They also address the implications of women’s participation in these conflicts for policy, including postconflict programming. This is an accessible and timely work that will be a useful introduction to another side of contemporary conflict.
Machel, G. (1996), Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Children: Impact of
Armed Conflict on Children: Report by the Expert of the Secretary-General, Ms.
Graca ... Mark, M. (2013), 'Boko Haram leaders call for more school attacks after
dorm killings', Guardian, 14 July 2013, http://www.guardian.co.uk/ ... Marshall, K. (
2010), 'Development, religion, and women's roles in contemporary Bibliography
Author: Tristan McCowan
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
'Honorable Mention' 2016 PROSE Award - Education Practice Education is fundamental to every aspect of development and there is widespread support across the world for policies that affirm that all children, regardless of their circumstances, have a right to quality schooling. Yet despite concerted efforts from national governments, multilateral organisations and NGOs over many decades we are still far from achieving education for all. In addition, while education can enhance human development, it is also associated with persistent inequalities. Education and International Development provides a comprehensive introduction to the field, giving an overview of the history, influential theories, important concepts and areas of achievement, and presenting a critical reflection on emerging trends in policy, practice and research. With chapters that review key challenges and inspiring initiatives in countries around the globe - focusing on critical issues such as language, conflict and teachers - this book serves both as a companion to graduate studies in international education and a concise reference book for practitioners and educators in the field.